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Revisionism or Marxist revisionism may refer to:
- Social Democracy - In the late 19th century, the term revisionism was used to describe democratic socialist writers such as Eduard Bernstein, who sought to revise Karl Marx's ideas about the transition to Socialism and claimed that a revolution through force was not necessary to achieve a socialist society. The views of Bernstein gave rise to reformist theory, which asserts that socialism can be achieved through gradual peaceful reforms from within a capitalist system.
- Khrushchevism - Khrushchev, after what many have described as a revisionist coup, began making many reforms in the USSR. He began a policy that turned away from hardline Marxism-Leninism, making controversial policies.
- Marxism–Leninism - In the 1920s and 1930s, Leon Trotsky accused the leadership of the Comintern and Soviet Union of revising the internationalist principles of Marxism and Leninism in favor of the aspirations of an elite bureaucratic caste which had come to power in the Soviet Union.
- Trotskyism - Meanwhile, the Soviet authorities labeled the Trotskyists as "revisionists" and eventually expelled them from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
- National Communism - In the 1940s and 1950s within the international communist movement, revisionism was a term used by Marxist-Leninists to describe communists who accepted national differences instead of promoting proletarian internationalism.