Juche

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"The "human rights" advertised by the imperialists are privileges of the rich, privileges to do anything on the strength of money. The imperialists do not recognize the right of unemployed people to work, or the right of orphans or people without support to eat and survive, for instance, as human rights."

Juche is a Totalitarian, economically far-left ideology inhabiting the top center of the authoritarian left quadrant. He believes in a highly centralized state, self-sufficiency, and a strong devotion to his country's leadership. He believes the best way to achieve socialism is through strength and self-sustainability.

History

The term Juche (Chosŏn'gŭl: 주체사상 Hancha: 主體思想) is a Korean word meaning "self-reliance". The ideology was first mentioned by Kim Il Sung in a 1955 speech. In a speech of his a decade later, Kim Il Sung developed the ideology further, developing its three main principles, those being economic self-sustenance, political independence, and self-reliance in national defense. The ideology was further developed by Kim Il Sung in various other speeches and writings.

Juche has been the ruling ideology of North Korea, formally called the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), since its conception. It, being the governing philosophy, has greatly impacted North Korean governance, leading and contributing to their highly isolationist, nationalistic and militaristic tendencies.

Kim Il-sung did not intend for Juche to only influence Korea, and believed the ideology to have the potential for international influence. Starting in 1976, the DPRK has organized multiple seminars on Juche outside of their own country.

Kim Il-Sung

Thought

Kim Il-Sung was the founding leader of North Korea and played a pivotal role in shaping the ideology and politics of the country. His ideology is known as "Juche" (pronounced "chu-che") and is considered the guiding principle of the North Korean state. Juche is a system of political, economic, and cultural beliefs based on several key pillars and elements:

  • Autonomy and self-reliance: One of the central tenets of Juche is the idea that North Korea should be self-sufficient and not depend on other countries. This translates into a policy of economic and political autarky, with a strong emphasis on domestic production and independence in all aspects.
  • Nationalism: Juche promotes a strong sense of national identity and Korean pride. It emphasizes the importance of protecting and preserving Korean culture and history.
  • Political independence: Kim Il-Sung advocated for political independence and self-determination for North Korea in the face of what he perceived as interference from foreign powers, particularly the United States and Japan.
  • Self-defense: Juche advocates for a strong self-defense capability to protect North Korea's sovereignty. This results in a heavily armed military policy and an emphasis on preparedness for war.

Regarding why Kim Il-Sung’s Juche is culturally considered a left-wing ideology, it's essential to understand that politics and culture in North Korea are deeply intertwined. Here are some reasons why Juche is perceived as left-wing in a cultural context:

  • Egalitarianism: Juche promotes equality among social classes and advocates for a society where all citizens have equal opportunities and rights. This notion of equality is a central principle in left-wing ideology.
  • Emphasis on education and culture: The North Korean government strongly promotes education and culture as a means to empower the population and promote socialist values. The promotion of education and culture is a common feature in left-wing ideologies.
  • Nationalism and the fight against imperialism: Juche focuses on the struggle against what it considers imperialist oppression and advocates for independence from foreign powers. This aligns with the tradition of anti-imperialist struggle common in left-wing ideologies.


Biography

Kim Il-Sung was a North Korean leader who played a pivotal role in the formation of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, better known as North Korea. He was born on April 15, 1912, in a region that is now part of North Korea. Kim Il-Sung joined the communist resistance against Japanese occupation in the 1930s and fought in the Korean War (1950-1953) against South Korean and American forces.

After the war, he became the supreme leader of North Korea and established an authoritarian communist-style regime. He effectively ruled the country until his death in 1994. During his tenure, he developed the ideology of "juche" (self-reliance) and created a personality cult around himself. Under his leadership, North Korea isolated itself from the world and became a highly militarized and secretive state.

Kim Il-Sung passed away on July 8, 1994, but his legacy endures in North Korean politics and culture, where he is revered as the "Eternal President." His son, Kim Jong-Il, succeeded him in power, and subsequently, his grandson, Kim Jong-Un, assumed leadership of the country, maintaining the political system and personality cult established by Kim Il-Sung.

Kim Jong-il

Thought

Kim Jong-Il was the leader of North Korea from 1994 until his death in 2011. During his rule, he maintained totalitarian control over the country and promoted an ideology known as "Juche." Kim Jong-Il's thinking was based on several key principles:

  • Juche: Juche is a political philosophy developed by Kim Il-Sung, the father of Kim Jong-Il, but it was further promoted and developed by Kim Jong-Il. Juche is commonly translated as "self-reliance" and advocates for the independence and self-determination of North Korea. According to this ideology, the Korean people should rely on their own resources and strengths to build a strong and prosperous nation, without depending on foreign influences.
  • Songun: Kim Jong-Il also promoted the policy of "Songun," which means "military-first." Under this doctrine, state resources and power were focused on the military as a measure to ensure the security and stability of the regime. This policy resulted in significant investment in the military, often at the expense of other sectors of society.
  • Personality cult: Kim Jong-Il promoted a strong personality cult, much like his father. This included creating an image of infallible leadership and an almost divine character. The North Korean people were expected to show unwavering loyalty to the leader and his dynasty.
  • Centralized economy: Kim Jong-Il maintained a highly centralized and planned economy in North Korea. Agriculture, industry, and other sectors were under strict state control, and market reforms were limited. This led to serious economic problems and a lack of economic development in the country.
  • Isolationism: Under Kim Jong-Il, North Korea pursued a policy of isolation from the outside world. This was reflected in its nuclear program and its refusal to participate in international agreements. Tensions with South Korea, the United States, and other countries were a constant feature of his rule.

Biography

Kim Jong-Il was the supreme leader of North Korea from 1994 until his passing in 2011. He was born on February 16, 1942, in Vyatskoye, the Soviet Union. His tenure was marked by the isolation of the country, the promotion of the Juche ideology, and the development of nuclear weapons. During his rule, North Korea experienced famines and international tensions. He passed away on December 17, 2011, handing over power to his son, Kim Jong-un.

Kim Jong-un

Flag of Kim Jong-Unism

Biography

Kim Jong-un is a North Korean politician born on January 8, 1983 (the exact date is disputed) in Pyongyang, North Korea. He is the third and youngest son of Kim Jong-il, the leader of North Korea, and assumed the position of the country's supreme leader in December 2011 following his father's death.

Kim Jong-un was educated in Switzerland and kept a low profile until his rise to power. Under his leadership, North Korea has continued with authoritarian and repressive policies, including the development of nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs, which have generated tensions in the international community.

Kim Jong-un's biography is marked by opacity surrounding his personal life and his absolute control of the North Korean regime. He has maintained a strict personality cult around his figure, making it difficult to obtain accurate information about his life. His leadership has been a subject of debate and concern in international politics due to issues related to human rights and global security.

Juchesasangpa

Juche Tower in Pyongyang

Juche Faction or Juchesasangpa (Chosŏn'gŭl: 주체사상파, Hancha: 主體思想派 Revised Romanization: Juche sasang pa, McCune–Reischauer: Chuch'e sasang pa,) or Korean Abb. Jusapa (Chosŏn'gŭl: 주사파, Hancha: 主思派, Revised Romanization: Jusapa, McCune–Reischauer: Chusapa) was a political faction within South Korea's student movements that supported the North Korean political ideology known as Juche. It was most prominent during the pro-democratic demonstrations of the 1980s, and was part of the wider National Liberation Faction.

The Juchesasangpa Movement started around early 1986 among the Undongkwon participating in student movements and labor movements. A book written by Kim Young-hwan called "The Letter of One Labor Activist Sending to All Our Fellow Young Students" with the pseudonym "Kang Chol", also known as "kangcholsoshin" (강철서신, Kang cheol's letter), was considered as the textbook of the movement among participants. The movement was also called the National Liberation faction (NL) because it emphasized the "national liberation" of South Korea based on the theory of North Korean revolution called "The Theory of Revolution of People's Democracy and National Liberation" (민족해방 민중민주주의혁명론). However, "National Liberation faction" can also mean groups who did not accept Juche but with the same perception that the people of South Korea should be liberated. and reunified under Juche and the Kim Dynasty itself.

Beliefs

Main Principles

W.I.P

Songun

Songun is a doctrine where the military is viewed as the most important part of the nation and thus is the most powerful organ of the state that gained presence after Kim Il-sung's death in 1994. It is based upon 4 principles made by Kim Il-sung that are to arm the entire population, fortify the state, train every soldier to become a cadre, and to modernize the entire military sector. The government puts the military as the top priority in resource allocation and for consideration in government policy and decision making.

Great Leader Theory

Unlike Maoism and Marxism-Leninism, Juche rejects historical materialism and its assertion that the development of productive forces are the driving force of history. It instead believes that the driving force of history are people and their ideas and that there needs to be a great leader to instill the right ideas into the people. It also believes that the great leader should hold supreme authority since they are believed to be responsible for the well-being of the entire country.

Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism

WIP

Personality

He believes that national unity can be achieved only through self-reliance and national independence. He loves his nukes and is not hesitant to flex them. Despite being strongly atheist, he considers himself to be a god and acts as such, to the extent that outsiders believe him to be theocratic.

Stylistic Notes

  • Anti-religious but believes himself to be a god.
  • Will get very upset and violent if ridiculed.
  • Temperamental, and will be set off by even the slightest disrespect.
  • Launches nukes at anybody he disagrees with, although the nukes are cheaply made and don't always work.
  • Oppressive in the streets but dirty in the sheets with hot North Korean soldier girls.


How to Draw

[!] South Korean law banned the usage of the Flag of WPK and DPRK with some exceptions. Be aware when using this design!
Flag of Juche

The design for Juche is simply the flag of the Workers' Party of Korea. The WPK is the dominant political party in the DPRK, of which Juche is the governing ideology.
Drawing Juche is fairly straightforward:

  1. Draw a ball
  2. Fill the ball with red
  3. Add the WPK symbol in yellow (Add a Hammer, Writing Brush and Korean Sickle, symbolising the workers, intellectuals and farmers respectively)
  4. Add the eyes and you're done!
Color Name HEX RGB
Red #D40000 212, 0, 0
Yellow #FFCC00 255, 204, 0


Relations

동지 (Comrades)

  • Marxism-Leninism - You helped me defeat filthy imperialists and you influenced me. Also, strong state AND Socialism in one country? What can I say except BASED. But I abandoned you after 2009
  • Conservative Socialism - Me but less nationalist and less communist. For some reason, he tries to avoid me.
  • Posadism - You might be a dirty Trot but your love for nukes is neat.
  • National Communism "To be a true revolutionary, a communist, one must be an ardent patriot, a true nationalist.” - Kim Jong-Il
  • Castroism - My only friend in the west.
  • Autarky - Gotta P R O T E C C.
  • Songun - Military First!
  • Isolationism - We don't need help. I am self-reliant for a reason, such as having my own internet and electricity access. Ingore that I lack both of them.
  • Industrialism - You are a core part of the Great Leader’s plan for building socialism!
  • Totalitarianism - Thank you for teaching me how to integrate my thoughts into every aspect of society!
  • Pagan Theocracy - I might technically be an atheist but Korean paganism is based.
  • Mandelaism - I supported the ANC in its fight against apartheid. Just wish you didn't become such a huge lib during your presidency.
  • Khomeinism - I supported him in the Iran-Iraq war.
  • Black Nationalism - The Black Panther Party supported me, and I supported them. Eritrea is also pretty cool, even if they don't explicitly say they follow Juche.
  • Ho Chi Minh Thought and Honeckerism - My more moderate Vietnamese and German counterparts. I wish I could unite Korea like the former united Vietnam. It’s such a shame that the GDR fell. Rip Honecker the legend.
  • Agorism - I have allowed black markets to flourish since the 1990s just for the economic survival of the country.
  • Cult of Personality - We worship our Great Supreme Leader!
  • Necrocracy - Glory to our leader, even in death!
  • Ba'athism - Very good friend of mine. A fellow socialist and anti-imperialist.
  • Marxist Feminism - The Eternal President Kim Il-Sung strongly supported women's liberation, and made efforts to increase women’s participation in the revolution! Plus, Respected Daughter Kim Ju-ae will be our next Supreme Leader! Please ignore the Kippumjo.
  • National Bolshevism - Thanks For White Juche
  • Dengism - Thanks for covering my ass but why did you pull the Chinese aid in the early 1990s? (also stop reeeeing at my counterfeit money!!!!)
  • Fourth Theory - Big brother to north. Very based, keep fighting the Ukrainian and American fascists! Thanks for the grain! Please keep fighting him so that you can give me support..

프레너미 (Frenemies)

  • Marxism - “The limitations of the preceding theory [Marxism, were] based on the materialist outlook on history [that] have been revealed more clearly in the course of socialist construction since the establishment of the socialist system.” -Kim Jong-Il
  • Trumpism - We tight, but please don't rain "fire and fury" on me.
  • Monarcho-Socialism - Not the same but a lot of people seem to think we are.
  • Mladorossism - Even better because he is more nationalist and traditionalist. But imagine being a christcuck? What do you mean I should embrace monarchy?
  • Anarcho-Capitalism - Capitalist pig but he too loves nukes, hates taxes and smokes weed.
  • Mercantilism - Enriching the state is good, capitalism and imperialism are bad.
  • Maoism - A great ally and supporter of my small nation, but stop calling me "revisionist" and "idealist".
  • State Atheism - Fuck religion but let me try to LARP as a god to my citizens. It's a way to keep them in check. Also, there's nothing wrong with Korean folk faith.
  • Radical Feminism - Agrees that pornographers must be executed, but disagrees with my Kippumjo although they joined the squad "voluntarily".
  • Social Authoritarianism & Religious Socialism - The Korean Social Democratic Party and Korea Buddhist Federation are pawns in my united coalition. We're totally a democratic country. Also don't listen to them if they say they don't know me.
  • Mediacracy - Stop saying I'm a repressive totalitarian state with no free speech! Anyways, we would like to sponsor our state-controlled media from the Korean Central Broadcasting Committee, and I did allow foreign sympathizers (Explore DPRK for example) to broadcast our nation.
  • Anti-Japaneseism - Fighting Japanese invaders is great, but your lack of a state is beyond revolting. And you're not a fellow supporter of my regime, how sad.
  • Hoxhaism - He liked me at first, but our relationship deteriorated over time. We both abolished taxes too.
  • Saddamism - I liked you at first until the Iran-Iraq war.
  • Fujimorism - While he's a filthy capitalist pig like Neoconservatism, I gave him weapons to fight Gonzalo Thought.
  • Market Socialism - We share similar economic ideas recently, but he's against my protectionism and totalitarianism.
  • Kim Dae-jung Thought and Moon Jae-in - My relationship with the South experienced a temporary thaw under both of you, but you are still too much of a lib and American puppet for my liking.
  • Anti-Fascism - We both like Kim Il-Sung, but stop calling me "Red Fash" already!
  • Hive-Mind Collectivism - How can we have a supreme leader if everyone is the same?
  • Titoism - "The inclusion of the Yugoslav Tito Group in the socialist camp and the international proter revolutionary movement weakened the unity of the socialist camp and the international proter revolutionary movement. The Yugoslav Tito Group betrayed Marxism, Leninism. He separated himself from the socialist camp and the international proter revolutionary movement. Proter of various countries. It opposes the statements of the representatives of the revolutionary and workers' parties and the statements of the consultation meetings. It engages in separatist activities against the international proter revolutionary movement." -Kim Il-Sung -On Modern Revisionism Page 9 (But you were still a fellow member of the Non-Aligned Movement and well, it's complicated...)
  • Khrushchevism - "In the past, vile revisionists like Khrushchev, who emerged in the international communist movement, seriously undermined communist morality. Khrushchev slandered Stalin, giving the world a negative impression that the communists were unaware of their vanguard in the revolution and were fighting each other." -Kim Jong-Il - Socialism is Science Page 56 (But I also remained neutral during the Soviet-Chinese split and tried to maintain good relations with both countries)

적들 (Enemies)

  • Capitalism - This is incompatible with socialism.
  • Showa Statism - Evil Japanese imperialist. Thanks for teaching me the value of ethnic nationalism and autocracy.
  • Neoconservatism - I'll nuke you someday, imperialist scum.
  • Neoliberalism - You can't touch me.
  • Gonzalo Thought - You think I'm revisionist? Fuck you. That's why I gave the Peruvian government weapons to fight you.
  • Christian Theocracy - Imperialist propaganda!
  • Zionism - Israel is an imperialist satellite!
  • Ilminism - My arch-enemy, I would've ended you back in 1950, if it wasn't for those western imperialists. Also, they're the ones who started the war, not me.
  • Trotskyism - Dirty backstabber who betrayed both Lenin and socialism! You're not a true revolutionary, you're just a neoconservative in red paint.
  • State Liberalism - You are literally everything I despise (except for Totalitarianism and opposition to religion). DIE!
  • Multiculturalism - A strange farce to hamstring the essential characters of the Korean nation and seek for “multiracial society” is now being held in south Korea. In this regard Rodong Sinmun today runs a signed commentary, which censures the farce as an unpardonable bid to negate the homogeneity of the nation, make south Korea multiracial and Americanize it. To deny the peculiarity and advantages of the homogeneous nation now that dominationism and colonialism are posing a threat to the destiny of weak nations is a treacherous act of weakening the spirit of the nation, the commentary says, and goes on: The south Korean pro-American traitorous forces advocating the theory of “multiracial society” are riffraffs who have not an iota of national soul, to say nothing of the elementary understanding of the view on the nation and social and historic development.[2]
  • Monetarism - Haha printing counterfeit money go brrr.[3]
  • Imperialism - A disgusting mass murderer who has tried (and failed) to enslave the Korean people. You will die!
  • Liberalism, Progressivism & Libertarianism - HEY, YOU STUPID DISSIDENTS! ALL OF YOU BETTER NOT TALK ABOUT THE KIM DYNASTY LIKE THAT!! DO YOU REALISE THIS IS THE OPPOSITE OF RESPECT AND LOYALTY?!?! WHO DO YOU THINK YOU ALL ARE, HUH?!?! WE'LL PUT ALL OF YOUR ASSES IN A DEATH ROW IF YOU SAY THESE THINGS ONE MORE TIME!!!
    • - So lucky We aren't in your country at all meaning We can say negative shits about your leaders... ALL I WANT LMFAOOOOOO!!!!

Gallery

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Further Information

Literature

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Notes

  1. Kim-jong-il distanced the Juche idea from Marxism, even to go as far to remove Marxism-Leninism from the national constitution in 2009.
  2. “Man […] is a social being with independence, […] whereas all other material lives maintain their existence through subordination and adaptation to the objective world. […] On the strength of this quality, man throws off the fetters of nature” - Kim Jong Il, ‘On the Juche Idea’.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "The Cleanest Race", Wikipedia.
  2. "Pornography in North Korea#Law", Wikipedia.
  3. [1], Youtube.

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