Quasi-Fascism (Disambiguation)

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Quasi-Fascism also small-fascism is a term used to describe political ideologies that share or are accused of sharing important elements with or align Fascism but do not claim to be fascist, or they just aren't.

The term may refer to:

  • Bonapartism: Often considered the precursor of fascism due to his extensive use of the military and for being literally an Autocracy.
  • Nazism: Ideology of Nazi Germany which was influenced by Fascism, and shared close ties with the Fascist Italy
  • Showa Statism: Ideology of the Empire of Japan during the reign of Emperor Hirohito which was also influenced by Fascism.
  • Ittihadism: Ideology of the Young Turks which was developed before Fascism, but helped influence the aforesaid Nazism.
  • Totalitarianism in a philosophical sense: The doctrine that the state should have total control over society, a central tenet of fascism.
  • National Bolshevism: The meme variant is a combination of Marxism-Leninism and Nazism, being similar to Strasserism. However. some real-life variants, such as Paetelism, claim to reject fascism and nazism.
  • National Syndicalism: National Syndicalism is an ideology that was formulated by revolutionary syndicalists like Georges Valois and Eduard Berth allying themselves with integral nationalists. The early fascists described themselves as national syndicalists and adopted some syndicalist policies, which is why the two ideologies are considered linked and why national syndicalism is considered a precursor to Italian Fascism.
  • Francoism: Ideology of Francoist Spain, which was inspired by Fascism and had close ties with it. However, it dropped fascism after 1959 due to problems with the UN and NATO, and the support of Technocracy and Economic Liberalism.
  • Sorelianism: Sorelianism is often accused of being a precursor to fascism due to fascists adopting Sorel's conception of myth for palingenetic ultranationalist purposes.
  • Social Democracy: The notion of fascism and social democracy being related ideologies is a common one within Marxist-Leninist circles, although also popular in some libertarian circles as well. The notion itself is called Social Fascism a term which is also used by Stalinists to pejoratively refer to Social Democrats, claiming that their idea of mixing Socialism with Capitalism is similar to Corporativism or Third Position.
  • Right-Wing Populism: Right-populist movements have been commonly accused of making "dog-whistles" to fascism.
  • Alt-Right: Many people within the Alt-Right are fascists and Nazis.
  • Alt-Lite: A moderate version of Alt-Right. Accused mainly by leftists to be fascist due to many supporting Cultural Nationalism and opposing progressive policies, and for essentially being a variant of the aforesaid Alt-Right, which is usually associated with Fascism.
  • White Nationalism: Many modern white nationalists are fascists, similar to the Alt-Right
  • Ultranationalism: Ultranationalism is a core tenant of fascism and it's derivatives, also many Ultranationalist groups have had close ties with fascism.
  • Welfare Chauvinism: A combination of Ultranationalism with Welfarism, also known as "unironic Social Fascism".
  • Peronism - Juan Perón was highly inspired by fascism, specially by Mussolini and Hitler. His ideology would also be viewed as a unironic Social Fascism, as it mixes Social Democracy with Fascism.
  • National Conservatism: Similar views on Nation, State and Tradition, albeit generally more moderate.
  • Paleoconservatism: Is accused of being fascistic due to their social views and nationalism, and also some of it's modern supporters being members of the Alt-Right or neo-Nazis.
  • Juche: Often accused of being fascist, both by anti-Communists, anti-East and anti-Revisionists, due to its militaristic, totalitarian and ethnonationalist policies, especially during the current leadership of Kim Jong Un.
  • Marxism–Leninism: It is accused by some socialists and anti-communists for authoritarianism and for the militaristic aspects of Marxist-Leninist figures, especially under the Stalin era.
  • Dengism, Putinism, Ba'athism: All accused by Progressive and Neoconservative circles due to their ever-increasing authoritarian, jingoist, militaristic and nationalist policies, alongside their state capitalist (aka 3rd position) economics.
  • Anti-Liberalism - Accused by moderate, progressive, liberal, libertarian, democratic, and capitalist circles due to its authoritarian and extreme (mostly right-wing to far-right) cultural stances, sometimes being called "red fascism", due to sometimes having left-wing to far-left economics associated with the former two. Also, National Bolsheviks and left-wing quasi-fascists or fascists are supporters of Anti-Liberalism.
  • Neoconservatism: Accused by progressive, libertarian, isolationist as well as broad anti-Western (pro-China, Iran and Russia + anti-Zionist) circles because of their militaristic tendencies and sometimes cooperating with National Capitalism, which is an ideology inspired by Nazism, Capitalism and in most cases, Neoconservatism itself.
  • National Libertarianism & National Liberalism - Accused due to their National and Cultural policies.
  • Authoritarian Conservatism - Similar views on the state and society. Also, Hobbes is sometimes accused of being a proto-fascist.
  • Salazarism - The Salazar regime shares many similarities with fascism due to him being an authoritarian conservative, implementing corporatism and sharing close ties with the Francoist regime in Spain. However, he rejected fascism as "unchristian"
  • Pinochetism - Communists, progressive Libertarians & uneducated Fascists often see this ideology as Fascist due to its Anti-Communism, Culturally Right Nationalist policies, German military culture (which was already a Chilean tradition) and utilization of ex-nazis such as Schafer.
  • Jihadism - Neoconservatives, Communists, Feminists, Liberals & Zionists pointed out that the ideology was similar to Islamic Fascism because it is Reactionary, anti-semitic and prone to the Third Position. Also, many National Bolsheviks and Anti-Liberals praise the ideology. Some variants, such as the Taliban and Hamas are explicitly nationalist, but some, like ISIS are anti-nationalist.
  • Saadehism - It pointed out that Saadehism was a Fascist or National Socialist ideology due to its Anti-Zionism, Syrian Nationalism and the symbolism of its flag that was pointed out even it was a Third Position ideology but not a Fascist one.
  • National Anarchism - Many claim National Anarchism is very similar Anarcho-Fascism due to its Culturally Right policies and the symbolism.
  • Anti-Fascism - Many Right Wing Satirists, Conservatives & Alt-Lite people have accused Anti-Fascist Action/Antifa of being "the real Fascists" due to its violence against the people that are being accused of Fascists which is seen as an authoritarian action similar to fascism and the ideology was also accused of being true Anarcho-Fascism or National Anarchism.
  • Zionism - Many Anti-Zionists along with some Anti-Semites claimed that Israel is fascist or quasi-fascist due to its policies of Ethnic Nationalism, Colonialism & Militarism against Palestine or other Arab countries. The actual jewish fascist ideologies are: Jewish-Nazism, Revisionist Zionism & Kahanism (although some of these could be also enter on the quasi-fascist category, due to their support to liberal economics)
  • Liberalism: Accused by the far-left due to its economical terms and similar phrase as Conservatism, which is false.