Neoconservatism

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"Neo-conservatives are unlike old conservatives because they are utilitarians, not moralists, and because their aim is the prosperity of post-industrial society, not the recovery of a golden age."

"Pacifism is objectively pro-Fascist. This is elementary common sense. If you hamper the war effort of one side you automatically help that of the other. Nor is there any real way of remaining outside such a war as the present one. In practice, ‘he that is not with me is against me’."

Neoconservatism (also referred to as NeoCon) is a branch of conservatism originating in the United States during the 1960s that favors a broadly interventionist foreign policy. He's usually much more defined by his foreign policy than his domestic policy - NeoCon can fall into a number of groups or camps regarding domestic affairs, and will oftentimes "sell" his vote on a domestic issue in order to buy someone else's vote on one of his foreign policy proposals. Neoconservatism typically advocates the promotion of democracy and interventionism in international affairs, including peace through strength (by means of military force), and is known for espousing disdain for communism and other forms of political radicalism. Culturally, most NeoCons are right-leaning, usually being pro-life among other things, but still liberal on certain issues. However, there exists a large fraction of much more culturally liberal politicians who advocate for neoconservative foreign policy, often called Liberal Hawks, who tend to overlap with the Third Way branch of liberalism.

History

The United States

The idea of the US and The West as a promoter of freedom and democracy through militaristic means has existed since the early 20th century and was popularized after the end of WWII with the defeat of the Axis Powers. However, the term "neoconservatism" wasn't coined until the 1960s during the midst of the Vietnam War.

Between the 1950's and the 1960's, future NeoCons endorsed the Civil Rights Movement, racial integration, and the movement of Martin Luther King Jr. Also, during this time, there was widespread support among future NeoCons (who were classified as Liberals at the time) for widespread military action to prevent a communist takeover in North Vietnam.

The initial Neoconservative movement was brought forward by the repudiation of the Cold War and the "New Politics" of the new and Progressive American "New Left", which NeoCons believed was too close to the counterculture running rampant in the United States at the time and too alienated from the majority of the American population. The "New Left" which the NeoCons were dissatisfied with supported/believed in some radical aspects such as "Black Power", which accused white Liberals and northern Jews of hypocrisy on integration and of supporting supposed Settler Colonialism during the Israeli-Palestine conflict during the late 1960's. Finally, they were most unsettled by the New Left's "anti-anti communism", which during the mid-to-late 1960's that included outspoken support of Marxist–Leninist policies. Many were particularly alarmed by what they saw as antisemitism stemming from "Black Power" communities in the New Left.

As the policies of the New Left made the Democrats increasingly leftist, these intellectuals became disillusioned with President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society domestic programs. The neoconservatives then rejected the counter-cultural New Left and what they considered Anti-Americanism in the non-interventionism of activism against the Vietnam War. After the anti-war faction took control of the party in 1972 and nominated George McGovern, the Democrats among them endorsed Washington Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson instead for his unsuccessful 1972 and 1976 campaigns for president.

A theory of neoconservative foreign policy during the 1970s was criticizing the foreign policy of Jimmy Carter, which endorsed détente with the Soviet Union. During the 1990s, neoconservatives were once again opposed to the foreign policy establishment, both during the Republican Administration of President George H. W. Bush and that of his Democratic successor, President Bill Clinton. Many critics charged that the neoconservatives lost their influence as a result of the end of the Marxist Soviet Union.

After the decision of George H. W. Bush to leave Saddam Hussein in power after the first Iraq War in 1991, many neoconservatives considered this policy a betrayal of democratic principles. During the early 2000's, the presidency of George W. Bush did not initially show strong endorsement of the neoconservative idea. This, however, changed dramatically as a result of the 9/11 attacks. During Bush's State of the Union speech of January 2002, he named Iraq, Iran, and North Korea states that "constitute an axis of evil" and "pose a grave and growing danger". The Bush Doctrine of preemptive war was stated explicitly in the National Security Council text, "National Security Strategy of the United States" that was published in September of 2002. It stated, "We must deter and defend against the threat before it is unleashed (...) even if uncertainty remains as to the time and place of the enemy's attack. (...) The United States will, if necessary, act preemptively". The Bush Doctrine was greeted with an extremely positive reception by many neoconservatives. By 2010, U.S. forces had switched from combat to a training role in Iraq and they left in 2011.

Since Trump took office, neoconservatives have supported the Trump administration's hawkish approach towards Iran and Venezuela, while opposing the administration's withdrawal of troops from Syria and diplomatic outreach to North Korea. After the 2021 withdrawal from Afghanistan, the neoconservatives from both parties have changed their focus away from fighting Islamic terrorism and towards opposing the PRC and Russia.

However, Donald Trump has gotten more Isolationist recently. He stated that he would encourage Vladimir Putin to invade non-participating NATO countries.

Douglas MacArthur

Douglas MacArthur was an American military leader who served as General of the Army for the United States, as well as a field marshal to the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the US Army during the 1930s, and he played a prominent role in 5 wars and major conflicts throughout his lifetime; The US occupation of Veracruz during the Mexican Revolution, the Philippine-American War, World War I, Pacific Theater during WWII, and the Korean War.

When the US colony/protectorate Commonwealth of the Philippines achieved semi-independent status in 1935, MacArthur was assigned the role of Field Marshall and supervised the creation of the Philippine Army. MacArthur would later play a leading role in the Philippines campaign (1944-1945) the American, Mexican, Australian, and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines during World War II.

After Japan's surrender following the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, MacArthur oversaw the Allied Military Occupation of Japan as Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, a position he had been assigned by President Harry S. Truman. The Allied Occupation of Japan marked the first time in history Japan had been occupied by a foreign power. The occupation would see Japan transforming from a military dictatorship to a parliamentary democracy, strongly aligned with US interests for decades to come.

At MacArthur's insistence, Emperor Hirohito would remain on the imperial throne without being charged for any war crimes. However, the new American-written constitution, ensured that the emperor's theoretically vast powers became strictly limited by law.

He was also involved in granting immunity to the war criminal and microbiologist Shirō Ishii who was the director of Unit 731, a biological warfare unit that had engaged in human experimentation, which resulted in the deaths of over 10,000 Chinese and Russian civilians and prisoners of war.

During the Korean War, MacArthur was put in charge of the US-led coalition of UN troops and drove the invading North Korean troops back toward the Chinese border. In November 1950 China intervened in the conflict and sent troops that crossed the North Korean border, driving U.S. troops back into South Korea. MacArthur then asked President Truman for permission to use bombs against communist China, to which Truman refused and removed MacArthur from his command for insubordination.

Ronald Reagan

Reaganism is the ideology, policies, and principals of the 40th president of the United States, Ronald Reagan. It is defined by its economics known as "Reaganomics" (comparable to Neoliberalism), hard-right conservative social policy, and fierce opposition to communism and the Soviet Union.

It is often mistaken for Paleoconservatism, however, Ronald Reagan was not a paleoconservative. During his first term Reagan wanted policies that reflected his personal belief such as individual freedom, he also brought economic changes, expanded the military, and contributed to the end of the Cold War.

During the Cold War Reagan escalated the tension between the soviet union and the U.S by reverting the policy of détente. He also ordered a massive improvement of the United States Armed Forces and implemented new policies that were directed toward the Soviet Union; he revived the B-1 Lancer program that had been canceled by the Carter administration, and he produced the MX Missile. In response to Soviet deployment of the SS-20, Reagan oversaw NATO's deployment of the Pershing missile in West Germany.

During The Crack Epidemic, Reagan escalated what Nixon had called The "War On Drugs" in which Reagan began campaigns & made aggressive policy’s that Reagan thought would reduce the trade of illegal drugs. He said that "drugs were menacing our society" and promised to fight for drug-free schools and workplaces, expanded drug treatment, stronger law enforcement and drug interdiction efforts, and greater public awareness.

Reagan believes in individual freedom, reaganomics, the War On Drugs, & Anti-Communism.

John McCain

W.I.P

NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, commonly known by its abbreviation NATO, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 28 European countries and 2 North American countries. Established in the aftermath of World War II, the organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. NATO serves the role of collective security, whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party whether it be another country or a terrorist organization. The NATO headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium. As of the year 2022, there are 30 member states within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the last of which to join was North Macedonia in March 2020. NATO currently recognizes Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Sweden and Ukraine as aspiring members.

Cold War

NATO had its origin with The Treaty of Brussels, a mutual defense treaty signed on 17 March 1948 by Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, and the UK against the threat of Soviet expansion in Europe at the start of the Cold War. The same year, European leaders met with US defense, military, and diplomatic officials at the Pentagon, which resulted in the North Atlantic Treaty, which the United States signed on 4 April 1949. It included the five Treaty of Brussels states, as well as the United States, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland. The members agreed that an armed attack against any of them in Europe or North America would be considered an attack against them all. The first NATO Secretary General, Lord Ismay, stated in 1949 that the organization's goal was "to keep the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down".

In September 1952, Exercise Mainbrace, the first major NATO maritime exercise began which brought together 200 ships and over 50,000 personnel to practice the defense of Denmark and Norway. This was followed by Exercise Grand Slam and Exercise Longstep, naval and amphibious exercises in the Mediterranean Sea and Italy. The same year Greece and Turkey joined NATO. During most of the Cold War, NATO's watch against the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact did not actually lead to direct military action, and NATO activity was mainly limited to various military exercises between member states.

Yugoslav Wars

NATO took an active role in the Yugoslav Wars. In 1999 NATO carried out an aerial bombing campaign codenamed Operation Allied Force against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War with the supposed purpose of bringing an end to Slobodan Milošević's government's ethnic cleansing of Kosovo-Albanians. The air strikes lasted from 24 March 1999 to 10 June 1999.

NATO countries attempted to gain authorization from the UN Security Council for military action, but were opposed by China and Russia , who indicated that they would veto such a measure which led to NATO launching its aerial campaign without the UN's approval. The NATO bombings were supported by many prominent western politicians such as US President Bill Clinton, US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, Joe Biden, Bernie Sanders, UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, and German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder.

By the end of the war, the Milošević regime had killed 1,500 to 2,131 combatants, most of whom were Kosovar Albanian civilians, with 8,676 killed or missing and some 848,000 expelled from Kosovo.

The NATO bombing campaign killed about 1,000 members of the Yugoslav security forces in addition to between 489 and 528 civilians. The bombings also destroyed bridges, industrial plants, hospitals, schools, cultural monuments, private businesses as well as barracks and military installations.

The Clinton Administration also received widespread condemnation for the bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade which killed 3 Chinese civilians.

NATO intervention in Libya

On 19 March 2011, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya, to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973, in response to events during the First Libyan Civil War when armed Libyan rebels took to the streets to topple the regime of the dictator Muammar Gaddafi. While the stated goal by the NATO coalition was to save Libyan civilians from a potential massacre by the Gaddafi regime the actual goal was regime change as Gaddafi (once a western ally in the war on terror) threatened western interests in western and northern Africa.

On 17 March 2011 The UN Security Council, acting under the authority of Chapter VII of the UN Charter, approved a no-fly zone over Libya by a vote of ten in favor, zero against, and five abstentions, via United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973. The five abstentions were: Brazil , Russia , India , China , and Germany .

The military interventions carried out by the different coalition member states went under different codenames Opération Harmattan by France ; Operation Ellamy by the UK ; Operation Mobile for Canada and Operation Odyssey Dawn for the US . The NATO intervention was supported by many other countries such as Berlusconi's Italy which shared its bases and intelligence with the allies, as well as Norway , Sweden , the Netherlands , Turkey , Qatar , and the UAE , among others.

The intervention did not employ foreign ground troops and all actions were taken from a distance to aid the rebels. American and British naval forces fired over 110 Tomahawk cruise missiles, while the French Air Force, British Royal Air Force, and Royal Canadian Air Force undertook sorties across Libya and a naval blockade by Coalition forces. French jets launched air strikes against Libyan Army tanks and vehicles. The fighting lasted for several months reaching its climax in the wake of the Battle of Sirte in late October 2011 when a NATO aircraft hit one of the Gaddafi loyalist's convoys forcing Muammar Gaddafi now deposed of any position of power into hiding in the drain pipe where he was found by the rebels and murdered. The estimated civilian cost of the 8-months long NATO-intervention in Libya range from 73 to 400+ civilian casualties.

The fall of Muammar Gaddafi's regime would also have the consequence of creating a vast power vacuum for terrorist organizations like ISIS and brutal warlords such as Khalifa Haftar to take over much of Libya which set the stage for the 2nd Libyan civil war. Gaddafi's downfall also resulted in Libya becoming a destination and transit for millions of refugees from other African countries such as Eritrea, Sudan, and Mali which significantly worsened the European migrant crisis.

Operation Gladio

Operation Gladio, was the codename for a series of clandestine "stay-behind" operations of armed resistance was organized by the Western Union alliance, and subsequently by NATO and the CIA, in collaboration with several European intelligence agencies was initiated throughout Europe during the Cold War with the purpose of containing the rise of communism. Operation Gladio involved the financing and support of anti-communist and far-right armed groups engaged in the harassment of left-wing parties, torture, terrorist attacks, and massacres in countries such as Italy and Turkey.

SEATO

The Southeeast Asia Treaty Oragnization was created in 1954 and generally speaking, it was an attempt at making an "asian NATO". It consisted of eight member states.

The bloc supported US intervention in Vietnam, but soon after the organization began to show signs of crisis, exacerbating controversy among its members, and later began a process of easing international tensions.

Since the signing of the treaty, France's interest has been steadily declining - since 1965 it ceased to participate in sessions of the Council, then refused to participate in SEATO military activities, and in 1974 left the oraganization.

After the withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam, the authority of SEATO fell sharply. The decline in interest in the treaty was due to the fact that SEATO was unable to be effective as a collective security organization.

In 1977 SEATO ceased to exist.

U.S.AFRICOM

W.I.P

UK

W.I.P

France

Main Article: Gaullism

  • Françafrique refers to the French sphere of influence in West and North Africa. Following the decolonization of Africa during the 1950s-1960s, France continued to maintain close political, economic, military, and cultural ties with its former colonies in the western and northern parts of the continent which have included Mali, Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger, among other countries based on mutually beneficial economic and political arrangements with the ex-colonies. The United States supported France's continuing presence in Africa to prevent the region from falling under Soviet communist influence during the Cold War. France saw itself as a guarantor of stability in the region and therefore adopted an interventionist policy in Africa, resulting in military interventions that averaged once a year from 1960 to the mid-1990s. Françafrique has been weakened since the end of the Cold War due to budgetary constraints, greater public scrutiny at home and the integration of France into the European Union.

Israel

Main Article: Zionism

W.I.P

South Korea

  • Operation Black List Forty: Operation Blacklist Forty was the codename for the United States' occupation of Korea between 1945 and 1948 following the end of World War II and Japan's surrender.

The partition of Korea into occupation zones was proposed in August 1945, by the United States to the Soviet Union following the latter's entry into the war against Japan. The 38th parallel north was chosen to separate the two occupation zones on August 10 by two American officers, Dean Rusk and Charles Bonesteel, working on short notice and with little information on Korea's geography. The US would occupy the Southern part of the peninsula and the Soviets would occupy the North. The Americans hoped to establish a representative government supportive of American policy in the region, and the Soviets hoped to establish another communist nation friendly to their interests.

General Douglas MacArthur, who was in command of the occupation of Japan, ordered the commander of Operation Blacklist Forty, Lieutenant General John R. Hodge, to maintain a "harsh" occupation of Korea, with the goal of establishing an independent Korean government friendly to US interests. Due to due to a shortage of manpower, Hodge temporarily allowed the old Japanese police force to remain on duty for crowd control and similar work until the American replacements arrived. It is said that General Hodge's most significant contribution to the occupation was the alignment of his military government with that of Korea's wealthy anti-Communist faction, and the promotion of men who had previously collaborated with the Japanese into positions of authority.

The Koreans who collaborated with the Japanese imperialists during the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910-1945) would later be known as "Chinilpa" (친일파), meaning "Pro-Japan Faction." Among the notable Chinilpa was the former President and Military Dictator Park Chung-hee who served as the leader of South Korea from 1961 to 1979.

As the US and the Soviets were unable to establish a unified Korean government friendly to both nations' interests, the US sent the "Korean question" to the UN who proceeded with providing the Koreans with UN-supervised elections. However, the elections only applied to the portion of Korea south of the 38th parallel, as the Soviets saw the North as within its own sphere of influence. Exiled Korean leader Syngman Rhee was inaugurated as President of the Republic of Korea on 24 July 1948.

The United States and South Korea signed a military assistance pact on January 26, 1950. A few months later, the Korean War broke out which would last until 1953.

Japan

Main Articles: Showa Statism and Reactionary Liberalism

Neoconservatism in Japan, also known as the neo-defense school, refers to a hawkish new generation of Japanese conservatives most of which are members of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and whom also may have been part of the ultranationalist, revisionist organization of Nippon Kaigi. As members of the post-war generation, Japanese neocons view themselves as free of responsibility or guilt for Japan's conquests past war crimes that happened during the Imperial Era. It is worth noting that some past members of the Liberal Democratic Party and Nippon Kaigi were soldiers in the Imperial Japanese Army during the Pacific War. This includes former Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone who was stationed in Borneo during the Dutch East Indies campaign, and the founder of Nippon Kaigi, Koichi Tsukamoto who fought against the British Allied Forces in the Battle of Imphal during the Burma Campaign.

What defines the neoconservatives of the Liberal Democratic Party from other Japanese politicians is their desire to change and reinterpret the country's constitution, especially Article 9 which is viewed as obsolete. This would enable Japan to re-arm to the level of most other countries.

During the Premiership of Junichiro Koizumi, the Japanese government aided western powers in the Iraq War through the Japanese Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group (JIRSG) a battalion-sized, largely humanitarian contingent of the Japan Self-Defense Forces that was sent to Samawah, Southern Iraq in early January 2004 and withdrew by late July 2006.

Poland

Neoconservatism originated in Poland after the collapse of communism in 1989. Polish Left-Wing President Aleksander Kwaśniewski, despite being a former communist, was really supportive of NATO leading to Poland joining NATO, during his presidency in 1999. Kwaśniewski also intervened in Iraq along with Blair and Bush JR. Currently, Neoconservatism is supported, mostly in Poland by the political party "Law and Justice" (PiS), by former President, Lech Kaczyński; current President Andrzej Duda; and the former Minister of Defense, Antoni Macierewicz.

Spain

W.I.P.

Czech Republic

  • Václav Havel was a Czech statesman, playwright, and former dissident, who served as the last president of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until its dissolution in 1992 and then as the first president of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003. He was the first democratically elected president of either country after the fall of communism. His educational opportunities in his younger years were greatly limited due to his "bourgeois" background, and thus he would rise to prominence as a playwright who would use an absurdist style to criticize the oppressive communist system of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.

After participating in the Prague Spring and being blacklisted after the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, Václav Havel became more politically active and helped found several dissident initiatives, including Charter 77 and the Committee for the Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted. His political activities brought him under the surveillance of the StB secret police, and he spent multiple periods as a political prisoner, the longest of his imprisoned terms being nearly four years, between 1979 and 1983.

Václav Havel's Civic Forum party played a major role in the Velvet Revolution that toppled the Communist system in Czechoslovakia in 1989. He assumed the presidency shortly thereafter and was re-elected in a landslide the following year and after Slovak independence in 1993. Among the notable things, he did as President was granting general amnesty to all those imprisoned during the Communist era. On 12 March 1999, the Czech Republic joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), one of several former Warsaw-Pact States of Central and Eastern Europe to join said multinational organization.

Italy

Italy during the Premiership of Silvio Berlusconi was a solid ally of the United States during the War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War. Operation Ancient Babylon (Italian: Operazione Antica Babilonia) was the code name given to the deployment of Italian forces during the Iraq War, consisting of 3200 soldiers stationed in and around the city of Nasiriyah. Their mission lasted from 15 July 2003 to 1 December 2006. Italy lost 36 soldiers during the said operation.

Colombia

W.I.P

South Africa

Main Articles: Ethnocracy

  • Magnus Malan was a South African military and defense minister during the apartheid regime. At his request, organizations opposed to apartheid were considered terrorists (ACN AND SWAPO) and ordered the execution of several opponents and opponents.

He ordered the army to quell political unrest, saying that one of its main goals would be to end the communist threat, believing that black movements are led by a revolutionary elite, also participating in wars in other African countries, also believing that liberal democracy is inadequate. Even though he was ethno-nationalist and had repressed black villages, he still supported a housing program for black people, but failed because of administrative struggles, he also supported programs to support middle-class blacks. He was accused along with other soldiers of participating in the KwaMakhutha massacre, in which 13 people died (7 children). He was also accused, along with businessman Dave Allen and ex-minister John Wiley, of a pedophilia ring, in which poor, non-white children were raped on an island in Algoa Bay, as revealed in the former's book "Lost Boys". -policeman Mark Minnie. Wiley and Minnie were found later.

Australia

W.I.P

Turkey

  • Tansu Çiller is a Turkish academic, economist, and politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Turkey from 1993 to 1996 and leader of the True Path Party from 1993-2002. Her premiership was defined by armed conflict between the Turkish Armed Forces and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). To bring about the defeat of the PKK, Çiller's government initiated the Castle Plan which included using the resources of the Counter-Guerrilla, such as the Grey Wolves, as well as police and army units such as JITEM and the Special Forces Command, to assassinate PKK members and supporters. Castle Plan would result in the destruction and burning of Kurdish villages and towns and extrajudicial killings of Kurdish civilians perpetrated by the Turkish Armed Forces during Çiller’s regime of 1993-1996.

Thailand

The Kingdom of Thailand has since the end of WWII been an important US ally on the global stage, serving as a bastillion of anti-communism in South East Asia during the Cold War, and has participated in multiple US-led military interventions. During the Korean War, Thailand under the reign of Plaek Phibunsongkhram was one of the UN's larger contributors of troops to the war effort. Under the military dictatorship of Thanom Kittikachorn was the third-largest provider of ground forces to South Vietnam during the Vietnam War, and allowed the United States Air Force in Thailand to use its air and naval bases with almost 50,000 American military personnel were stationed in Thailand throughout the war.

The US-Thailand military alliance was taken to new heights with the introduction of the Cobra Gold multi-national Indo-Pacific military exercises held in Thailand every year since 1982.

During the Premiership of Thaksin Shinawatra, Thailand became a Major non-NATO ally. Thaksin's government also sent troops to Iraq and allowed the US to use Thailand for CIA-black sites for torture and interrogation of al-Qaeda suspects during the War on Terror. After Thaksin was ousted in a military coup in 2006, US-Thai relations deteriorated and many Thai conservatives and ultraroyalists have become increasingly critical of the strategic partnership between the two nations.

Philippines

W.I.P.

Iraq

Main Articles: Islamic Democracy and Shia Theocracy

  • Iraqi National Accord - Iraqi National Accord (INA) or Wifaq is a political party co-founded by Ayad Allawi, Tahsin Mullah, and Salah Omar al-Ali in 1991 during the wake of the 2nd Gulf War as an opposition group to Saddam Hussein. The INA was at the time seen as an alternative, to alternative Shia-led opposition groups operating from Iran, and was largely funded by money from Saudi Arabia; with extra support coming from the UK and the United States.

INA membership consisted largely of military and security personnel who had defected from the Iraqi army under Saddam Hussein's rule and organized attacks inside Iraq in 1992 and 1995. In close cooperation with the CIA, the organization organized attempted a coup against Saddam in 1996, which ended in disaster to infiltration by Saddam's agents.

Following the US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq, the INA entered Iraq playing a central role in the occupation government, and Ayad Allawi became Prime Minister of Iraq in 2003.

  • Iraqi National Congress - Iraqi National Congress (INC) is an Iraqi political party that was led by Ahmed Chalabi following the Persian Gulf War to coordinate the activities of various anti-Saddam groups under the supervision of the US government. INC consisted partially of various minority groups such as Shia Muslims and Kurds who had been brutally oppressed under Saddam's totalitarian Sunni-supremacist dictatorship, in addition to monarchists, and ex-military officers who had defected from the Iraqi army. Differences within INC eventually led to the group tearing itself apart from the inside.

War on Terror

WIP

Guantanamo Bay detention camp

WIP

War in Afghanistan

WIP

Georgia

  • Mikheil Saakashvili became the President of Georgia following the Rose Revolution that forced the resignation of Eduard Shevardnadze. The Rose Revolution was denounced in Pro-Russian Media such as Russia Today and The Grayzone as a "NATO-backed Color Revolution, " exploited by western corporate interest groups to keep Georgia out of Russia's sphere of influence even though Shevardnadze also was a Pro-NATO leader.

Saakashvili expanded Georgia's role in the Iraq War which had already begun under Shevardnadze. By 2008, Georgia had deployed 2,300 troops in Iraq, becoming the third-largest contributor of troops in the war. In 2004 Georgia joined the War in Afghanistan as well 2004 and the country had become the largest non-NATO, troop contributor to the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan by late 2012, with over 1,560 personnel on the ground at the time.

Domestically, Saakashvili tried to fix the problems that plagued his predecessor's administration. He managed to reduce corruption in the government and took a firm hand against crime resulting in a spike in the incarceration rates. Saakashvili was accused of authoritarian tendencies such as abuse of power and arresting political opponents under the guise of fighting crime and corruption. He also implemented broad privatization and neoliberal policies that resulted in rapid economic growth but increased wealth gaps and inequality.

Saakashvili's administration also oversaw the 2008 Russo-Georgian War with Georgia, on one side, and Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, on the other. The war resulted in 200-300 civilian casualties on both sides respectively and around 200 000 civilians displaced.

Saakashvili's reputation was further damaged by the 2012 Gldani prison scandal which exposed the abuse and torture of inmates in the Georgian prison system. Saakashvili's presidency came to an end in 2012 and he left his home country for the US and eventually settled in Ukraine. In 2014 criminal charges were filed by the Georgian prosecutor's office against Saakashvili over abuse of power and corruption. In 2015, Saakashvili gave up his Georgian citizenship in exchange for Ukrainian citizenship to avoid imprisonment in his home country. He eventually returned to Georgia in 2021 and was immediately arrested and remains to this day in prison under poor health conditions.

Kosovo

W.I.P

Haiti

W.I.P.

Beliefs

WIP

Foreign Policy

There is a consensus among neoconservatives in support of an interventionist, pro-western foreign policy. However, due to the broad range of individual thinkers within neoconservatism, there are disagreements on specifics in regards to foreign policy.
One such divide is between those who endorse idealism versus those who endorse realism. The idealist faction of neoconservatism is represented by earlier and more liberal intellectuals in the movement. They endorse democracy promotion based on their belief in universal human rights. The realist faction takes inspiration from the ideas of Henry Kissinger. They are less interested in the promotion of democracy and human rights abroad than they are countering enemy entities through any means necessary. As time passed, these two distinct currents within neoconservatism have mixed some.

Economics

The economic policy of neoconservatism has been described by journalist Irving Kristol (dubbed 'The Godfather of Neoconservatism') as being one which gives 'Two Cheers for Capitalism', the first cheer being the fact 'it works; in a quite simple, material sense' and the second being that it is 'congenial to a large measure of personal liberty', Kristol argues that these two measures are no small measure which only capitalism has been shown to achieve. Nonetheless, Kristol also criticises capitalism for being a system which puts too much stress and burden on the individual which creates a 'spiritual malaise', which threatens the social order. Withholding the third cheer according to Kristol is a distinctive feature of Neoconservatism.[8]

Kristol has also made it clear that Neoconservatism is more supportive of government intervention than other brands of conservatism. Inspired by Otto von Bismarck, he called for a "paternalistic welfare state" (such as Wilson's New Freedom and FDR's New Deal) as opposed to a "maternalistic welfare state" (such as LBJ's Great Society or European countries) in The Neoconservative Persuasion.

Variants

Liberal Hawk

Liberal Hawkism is a political term that refers a politically liberal person who supports a hawkish, interventionist foreign policy. Past U.S. presidents like Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson have been described as liberal hawks for their roles in bringing about America's status as the world's premier military power. This is an accordance with the international foreign policy of liberal internationalism.

Scandinavian Liberal Hawk

This is referred to Nordic Model figures, most modern proponents, that have a hawkish atlanticist foreign policy, it can be considered a regional sub-variant of Liberal Hawk.

Socialist Hawk

Socialist Hawkism is an economically left-wing ideology that supports an interventionist foreign policy in other countries. Socialist hawks stands out above all socialists as holding exclusively pro-western sentiment, and supporting institutions like NATO and the European Union. They are usually Liberal Socialists or ideologies adjacent to it. It can be seen as a version of Trotskyism.

Neo-Radical Conservatism

Neo-Radical Conservatism or Reactionary Neoconservatism is based on a reactionary social policy (repealing LGBT laws and combatting feminism). This is combined with hawkism and the belief of a "world capitalist revolution" which means socialist regimes will be invaded and overthrown. It's just capitalist Crusadism.

Fascist Neoconservatism

Fascist neoconservatism refers to fascists of quasi-fascists who are pro-NATO. It can mean ex-nazis working for NATO such as Barbie and Gehlen, or NATO-backed homegown nazcaps, such as Cao Ky and Mott.

How to Draw

Flag of Neoconservatism

The design for Neoconservatism is based on the flag of NATO, an interventionist military organization which is often viewed favorably by necons.

  1. Draw a ball
  2. Fill it with Navy Blue
  3. Draw a white compass rose
  4. Add two eyes
  5. Optional props:
    1. Sunglasses (used for US-centric balls like the USA in Polandball, and Neoliberalism in Polcompball)
    2. An Advanced Combat Helmet (ADC)
    3. An Ace of Spades, sometimes tucked into the ADC
    4. Assault weapons, like the M16/AR15, G36, or other 5.56 caliber NATO guns.

You are done!

Color Name HEX RGB
Navy Blue #012169 1, 33, 105
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255


Relations

Rules-Based International Order

  • American Model - Couldn't have asked for a better dad!
  • Capitalism - The only good economic system.
  • Industrialism - The military-industrial complex is based!
  • Liberal Conservatism - We're the same for the most part.
  • Conservative Liberalism - Me with less state.
  • Christian Democracy - I'm not really a fanatical religious person, but we both love Western Christian values. We should fight Jihadism together! Does this mean I'm him with elections?
  • Imperialism - Long live the NATO empire! Long live the free market world!
  • Globalism - Rules-Based International Order FTW!
  • Liberal Internationalism - Ditto
  • Zionism - Israel is our greatest ally and the only democracy in the Middle East. Really supported him when he needed it back in the '60s!
  • Neoliberalism - My Greatest Ally and BFF. We control the world together.
  • Neo-Libertarianism - He's alright. He advocates for a minimalist state, which I constantly argue with him about! Like, how are you going to have a strong interventionist foreign policy without a somewhat strong state? However, he does support free-market capitalism, so he's splendid in that regard! The War on Drugs is a must. .
  • Third Way - My woker, more welfarist self and best friend who has helped me spread the free market across the globe for the past 30 years. From Yugoslavia to Iraq to Libya, our teamwork makes the dream work.
  • Nordic Model - Same as above. I fully welcome you to NATO, buddy.
  • Banana Republicanism - My good friend who I bring out when countries go socialist.
  • Bull Moose Progressivism - My predecessor who greatly expanded the US Empire. Your actions in the Philippines, Cuba, Panama, among other former Spanish colonies were mega-based and completly justified.
  • Wilsonianism - A huge inspiration and role model of mine. Intervening in WWI and arresting those that opposed it was the right descision. You did your best when intervening on the side of the Russian Whites during the Russian Civil War against the Bolsheviks.
  • Ilminism - Based South Korean ally during the Cold War.
  • Mediacracy - Thanks for rehabbing my image guys!
  • Corporatocracy - Blackwater and Lockheed Martin are based and continue to lobby for more wars that give me purpose.
  • Stratocracy - There's nothing I love more than replacing socialist or Soviet-alligned democratically elected leaders with brutal military dictators!
  • Thaksinism - Thanks for helping me during the War on Terror and making Thailand a Major non-NATO ally in 2003.
  • Pinochetism - "We want to help, not undermine you. You did a great service to the West in overthrowing Allende." - Henry Kissinger
  • Islamic Democracy - What I tried to build in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Libya. The results were quite mixed, though. Pakistan is a based country and a Major non-NATO ally since 2004.
  • Kagameism - Based for making Rwanda the Singapore of Africa and for supporting the overthrow of Gaddafi.
  • Chicago School - Best economic school of thought, Friedman and Sowell are based. The War on Drugs is a must. .
  • Ordo-Liberalism - Same for you, Ludwig Erhard saved Germany.
  • Japan LDPism - My Japanese counterpart.
  • Zelenskyyism - Here, have some more weapons and keep up good job! What do you mean you need ten times the resources we gave you? And what the fuck was that counteroffensive?!
  • Taiwan DPPism - For now you’re a good capitalist ally against Sino commies.
  • Kemalism - I appreciate your modernization and westernization efforts, so welcome to the club of the free world against communism, especially Inönü, Menderes, and Sezer. You were also a great ally of me, and were much better than Erdogan. Although you hate me for funding him.
  • Liberal Feminism - More female drone pilots/CIA assassins/interrogators/whatever. Your ideals have helped me double my cadres.
  • Neoconservative Feminism - Same as above! Even George W. Bush allows Women into army!
  • Police Statism - You really helped me back in the 60's and 70's with The Hippies, when I neded it and I gave you back by signing The Patriot Act.
  • One-Nation Conservatism - Chums in UK.
  • Girondism - My french republican classlib predecesor.
  • Jacksonian Democracy - Show the Indians were their is place! "I was born for the storm and a calm does not suit me".
  • Venizelism - My greek pal, I really love how your founder deal with commies!
  • Gremialismo & Kastism - My Neo-Pinochetists friends from Chile.
  • Italian DCism - My Christian friends from Italy. Excellent job at blocking the Commies and keeping Italy in the Atlantic Bloc.
  • PiS - My Polish counterpart, Poland is presumably the second most friendly Nation to Israel, thanks to you! We stand together to condemn the rise of Russia, Belarus and Iran. You are currently the leader of help for Ukraine in Europe. Wałęsa and Kwaśniewski were valuable alies, too. Ignore your friendliness with PRC and Poland is still a buffer, also I did sign 447 and you didn't protest, at least you don't have visas now!
  • Bolsonarism - Your admiration of Pinochet and the Military Dictatorship of Brazil is incredibly based since I helped said regimes and dictators come to power.

Temporary Allies

  • Eisenhowerism - Your military interventions, election interference, and coup d'etats in Guetamala, Iran, Congo, Lebanon, and Japan, were based and totally justified. Unfortunately, you lost me at that stupid "MIC Speech" by the end of your presidency. Don't forget that it was you who vastly expanded the MIC and the powers of CIA and military lobbyists in the first place.
  • Machiavellianism - A lot of my followers (such as Kissinger) use diplomacy and Realpolitik for their goals. There's a dogma that I fight for though: Free Markets, Freedom If you're not an enemy of The US and Democracy.
  • Gaullism - My French counterpart who's done an excellent job of maitaining capitalism in defeating the Axis in WW2 and maintaining capitalism West Africa free from Soviet influence over the course of history. However, you're too hostile towards NATO and I'm disappointed that Jacques Chirac didn't support the Iraq War but he did like Thatcher and Reagan's policies. But you did tried to release Algeria without a war and got in the way during the Algerian war. Despite all that, your