Proutism, also called Progressive Utilization Theory, or simply PROUT, is a libertarian left, progressive ideology theorized in 1959. It is based off of the ideas of Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. It opposes both Communism and Capitalism. It advocates for, among other things, a world government, locally governed and self-sufficient autonomous zones, a bill of rights for humans, plants, and animals, economic democracy, and an economy in which all goods are common property, and distributed in order to maximize the well-being of all living things. It is also based on Sarkar's philosophy of neohumanism.
Sarkar created PROUT theories in 1959 and outlined them in his book Ananda Sutram, published in 1961. Amanda Marga, a worldwide spiritual movement established by Sarkar himself in 1955, has built many cooperative communities based on PROUT model.
Foundation and beliefs
According to the system, resources would be collective property, usufruct rights are withdrawn for their use. The theory states that the distribution of goods must maximize the physical, mental and spiritual development of all people, to ensure that they all have food, clothing, shelter, education and medical care. The big and main industries and public services, according to the theory, should operate without profit for the people in general. Prout supports cooperatives to promote minimal needs for people, incentives for people who serve society would be financed through surplus. Small businesses would also operate providing goods and services on a more individualized basis. Prout argues that political democracy is not enough to free society from exploitation and what it considers extreme income inequality, so it defends an economic democracy, where the decision-making power for the economic future of a community is given to its inhabitants, where all people are free to choose where they want to live, as long as they mix their economic interests with those of the local population.
Five fundamental principles:
Sarkar outlined 16 aphorisms of PROUT, in which the last 5 are the fundamental ones
- Limits on physical accumulation
- Rational distribution
- Maximum utilization
- Proper adjustment
- Progressive variation
Proutism reject Nationalism in favor of locally governed zones (similar to those advocated by bioregionalism) and a global government with world constitution and bill of rights for both human, plants and animals. There will be 4 social class which cyclically rule society: shudras (workers), kshatriyas (warriors), vipras (intellectuals) and vaishyas (acquisitors). The theory sees no need to abolish classes but to prevent elitism, exploitation and class conflict, there will be the spiritual elite of sadvipras who will decide who will take the lead. Sadvipras would be separated into 3 branches: executive, administration and judicial councils, which would be separated by the Supreme Council.
Proutism core philosophy is neohumanism, which incorporating environmentalism and animal rights into humanism.
Proutism support decentralized planning, redistribution of wealth, nationalization of certain industries, cooperatives, and regulatory market economy.
Personality and Behavior
Proutism usually goes along with Distributism and Environmentalism which he is very friendly with. He doesn't support nationalists, communists and capitalists in general. He generally advocates economic democracy, redistribution of wealth and world government. Proutism is quite unknown from other balls.
How to Draw
- Draw a triangle.
- Draw a inner triangle inside the triangle.
- Draw a rising sun at the bottom of the inner triangle.
- Color the outer triangle with green.
- Color the sun with orange.
- Draw the "PROUT" word in the sun. The word should be in black.
- Draw the 3 words "Progressive", "Utilization" and "Theory" on 3 sides of the triangle. The words should be in white.
- Add the eyes and you're done.
|0, 145, 64
|231, 120, 24
- World Federalism - United world under autonomous zones? YES!
- Environmentalism - Fellow lover of plants and animals.
- Bioregionalism - He is very fond of the idea of locally governed regions as I am.
- Market Socialism - I really like his ideas.
- Libertarian Socialism - He (mostly) gets me on my need for decentralized markets.
- Distributism - A Christian version of me.
- Georgism - I appreciate your ideas but I don't like capitalism.
- Libertarian Municipalism - So close! We have so much in common, it's just a shame about the communism.
- Capitalism & Communism - None of you are better than the other, You both suck!
- Nationalism - You just cause delay in society.
- Progressive utilization theory
- Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar
- Amra Bangali
- Progressive Party of Aotearoa New Zealand
- Ananda Marga
- Menschliche Welt (article in German)
- Viable Utopian Ideas: Shaping a Better World
- The introductory essay below introduces a leading Indian thinker, Prabhat Ranjan Sankar. We learn a bit about spiritualism, world government, world culture, and forecasts from macrohistory.
- Living Wage and Optimal Inequality in a Sarkarian Framework
- 'Finally, economic democracy is a concern for many social economists, and is also central to Sarkarian thought. It should be fruitful to study whether in conditions of greater workplace democracy, natural limits to inequality emerge as workers develop rules for rewarding different labor contributions to the firm in ways that best benefit all. In particular, different compensation patterns may emerge for managers. Where worker consent is required to set manager salaries, they may naturally be set at the Sarkarian optimum since workers would only increase a manager’s salary if it would also cause their own salaries to increase. This should also be tested empirically.
- Sarkar stressed that a healthy economy and society require that the basic necessities not be distributed directly by any official agency. Rather, they should be purchased in the marketplace with income earned in useful employment. He further advocated a government policy of 100 percent employment, with a minimum wage set at a level adequate to purchase necessities. The standard for minimum necessities will change with time and place, but should be continually improving.