State Oriental Orthodoxy is an Authoritarian Unity ideology that believes that Oriental Orthodoxy should be the state religion and the religion and state should help each other on issues but not interfere with each other. He is very religious, despises Muslims, and has a mixed relationship with his brother.
Kingdom of Armenia
It all started back in the Kingdom of Armenia with Tiridates III the Great. He had taken back the kingdom from Sassanid occupation with the help of Roman armies. Christianity was spreading in Armenia thanks to Gregory the Illuminator. Tridates arrested Gregory (partly because he was the son of his father) under the Khor Virap church. He was released in 297 to help Tridates after he lost sanity because he was betrayed by the Roman emperor Diocletian who invaded a vast amount of territory from the kingdom. In 301 Gregory baptized Tiridates III along with members of the royal court and upper class as Christians. Tiridates issued a decree by which he granted Gregory full rights to begin carrying out the conversion of the entire nation to the Christian faith. The same year Armenia became the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion. Gregory continued to strengthen Christianity in the empire until he died in a small sanctuary near Mount Sebuh in the Daranali province. In 387, the Kingdom of Armenia was split between the Eastern Roman Empire and the Persian Empire. Western Armenia was given to the Eastern Romans and Eastern Armenia was given to the Sassanids. Eastern Armenia remained a kingdom within Persia until 428, when the local nobility overthrew the king, and the Sassanids installed a governor in his place.
Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia
After hundreds of years of Roman, Persian, and Arab rule, Armenia finally regained Independence in the 880's as Ashot I became the first king since 428. Oriental Orthodox Christianity was then resorted as the state religion. During this time period, the kingdom would not just have trouble with outside and internal conflict, but also with religious conflict as there was a heretical christian sect called the Tondrakians. They were anti feudal and were spreading around Armenia after the Arabs crushed them. Ashot III had realized the danger the Tondrakians posed against the kingdom and this was of his reasons why he directly subjected the Church to him, gave it lands, and sponsored the construction of new monasteries and churches. The message of the Tondrakians, however, continued to spread and successive Armenian kings would work to suppress its expansion. Another issue that arose was that the power relationship between catholicoi and secular rulers was sometimes a source of conflict. In 1037 king Hovhannes-Smbat of Ani deposed and imprisoned Catholicos Petros, who he suspected of holding pro-Byzantine views, and appointed a replacement catholicos. This persecution was highly criticized by the Armenian clergy, forcing Hovhannes-Smbat to release Petros and reinstall him to his former position. In 1038 a major ecclesiastical council was held in Ani, which denied the king the right to elect or remove a catholicos. Eventually in 1045 the kingdom fell and it split up into three kingdoms: The Kingdom of Syunik, The Kingdom of Tashir-Dzoraget, and The Kingdom of Artsakh (which we will talk about next).
Kingdom of Artsakh and Principality of Khachen
Kingdom of Aksum
Kingdom of Ethiopia
Break with Israel
The 1970s saw a subtle change in the politics of the Middle East. Nasser died in September 1970 and was replaced by Anwar el-Sadat. Sadat abandoned Nasser's pan-Arabism, putting aside notions of regional grandeur. Instead, Sadat focused on the Egyptian conflict with Israel. This conflict would have dramatic consequences for the politics of the Middle East. Prior to the Arab attack on Israel in October 1973, Ethiopia had come under increasing pressure to sever relations with Israel. Much of this pressure came from the Arab nations represented in the OAU, including Libya, Algeria, Sudan, and Egypt. At the OAU's Tenth Assembly in Addis Ababa, "a Libyan proposal to place Ethiopia's relations with Israel on the agenda of the summit received staunch support from Algeria and other Afro-Arab states." Arab nationalists also campaigned for moving the headquarters of the OAU from Addis Ababa to possibly Cairo. While neither of these efforts were immediately successful, Ethiopia felt the pressure. Arab pressure for Israel to sever relations with Israel also came in the form of aid to Somalia and Eritrean insurgents. Additionally, there was pressure from within the Ethiopian government. Radical, often younger, officials within the Ethiopian government began to support the Arab cause. While Ethiopia had come to rely on Israeli technical assistance, specifically in the military realm, the pressure to sever ties was mounting. In October 1973, Ethiopia crumbled under the pressure. The resulting Israeli occupation of Egyptian territory from the Yom Kippur war vilified Israel among many African nations. Israel's friends south of the Sahara chose to support their Egyptian (and African) brother and severed their ties with their friend, Israel. "Up to five countries a day broke diplomatic relations with Israel."Only Lesotho, Malawi, and Swaziland maintained relations with Israel. On 23 October 1973, Ethiopia joined her African brothers and severed diplomatic relations with Israel. Haile Selassie chose to place solidarity with Africa above friendship with Israel. This was made evident in his keynote address to the OAU Council of Ministers in Addis Ababa in November 1973. The Emperor said, "In demonstrating their solidarity with Egypt and the other states whose territorial integrity has been violated, OAU member states are committing themselves to uphold the fundamental principles of interstate relations without which there can be neither peace nor progress." Ethiopia had at last given in to the sustained Arab pressure and subscribed to the OAU policy to isolate Israel following the Yom Kippur War. The break of relations with Israel caused the United States to tone down its support to Imperial rule in Ethiopia.
State Oriental Orthodoxy believes that Oriental Orthodox Christianity should be the official state religion of the state. In this state the religion and government would help each other sometimes. Priests and the such would give advice to the government and the priests would rely on the governments patronage and contributions. The government would also help out whenever the religion is having a dispute.
Personality and Behavior
State Oriental Orthodoxy is very religious. He is often seen praying, reading religious texts, and preaching to get new converts. He also despises Muslims. Whenever he sees a Muslim he always says something behind their back or even gets confrontational with the Muslim. He also has a mixed relationship with his brothers. They always see each other as apostolic church buddies until someone brings up the council of chalcedon. After that, everything gets VERY tense.
How to Draw
- Draw a ball
- Draw a green-yellow-red horizontal flag in the middle
- At the bottom, draw a red shield with blue-yellow-green vertical stripes and a black top with golden decorations
- Behind the shield, draw two golden crossed staffs - one crooked, one with a purple cross
- Above the shield, draw a golden pentagon with a cross bordered by a black circle inside and a plus on top.
- From the sides of a pentagon, draw golden stripes that go to the bottom
- Draw a Coptic Priest hat (an "emma")
- Draw eyes and you're done!
|Green||#018A2C||1, 138, 44|
|Yellow||#FDE740||253, 231, 64|
|Red||#DB0A13||219, 10, 19|
- Christian Theocracy - Jesus was oriental orthodox, right?
- Traditionalism - We must hold to the values that God gave us.
- Orthodox Theocracy - Based Orthobro. The Byzantine Empire was good while it lasted, so I built the church of Lihebella church to impress you.
- Manichaeism - Although I dislike how this religion originated from Persia, it recognizes Ethiopia as the mighty regional realm.
- Titoism - Non-Aligned brother. (And nice work with the Catholic Ustašas)
- Catholic Theocracy - I will thank my fellow Portuguese brothers for saving us from him, but stop trying to convert me! I had to execute many Jesuits so Ethiopia can remain Orthodox!
- Fascism - Go back to Italy!
- Islamic Theocracy - I tolerated your religion in Abyssinia and allowed your God to come seek refuge from Arabiya, why do you want to kill me?!
- Zoroastrian Theocracy - Curse you, Farsi! You persecuted Christians in Armenia and prevented Ethiopia from expanding Christianity into Yemen!
- Reactionary Socialism - No, we will not be a colony in your empire!
Maybe if you were a colony in ours...
- Derg - Even worse than above. You are also a puppet of the red imperialists.
- Jewish Theocracy - Gudit! I expel you from Ethiopia!!!!
- ALLIANCE AND ALIENATION: Ethiopia and Israel in the Days of Haile Selassie by Haggi Erlich
- ETHIOPIA'S FOREIGN RELATIONS WITH ISRAEL 1955-1998 by Jennifer A Joyce
Portraits and Artwork
"Theocracies compass" By Spade
- The Meiji Constitution was used as a model for the 1931 Constitution of Ethiopia by the Ethiopian intellectual Tekle Hawariat Tekle Mariyam. This was one of the reasons why the progressive Ethiopian intelligentsia associated with Tekle Hawariat were known as "Japanizers".
- In a show of Third World solidarity, 20 African countries, including Ethiopia, joined 8 others which had done so beginning in early 1972 and severed formal ties with the Jewish state between 8 October and 12 November 1973.
- Ethiopian Jews are Biblical, pre-Rabbinic Jews. They have the Torah (Written Law) but not the Talmud (Oral Law). Their language is not Hebrew, but Ge'ez. Their leaders are priests (kohanim) rather than rabbis. They have no knowledge or post-Biblical Jewish holidays such as Chanukah or Purim, or post-Biblical interpretations of the Law, e.g., the prohibition against mixing meat and milk. Until recently Ethiopian Jews practiced animal sacrifice, and ritual purification through immersion in water. They include observance of the Sabbath and Biblical dietary laws. They are religious Zionists - i.e., they dream of a return to Zion. They call themselves Beta Israel (House of Israel), and have wanted to live in the modern state of Israel since its establishment in 1948. They are not comparable to modern Judaism because they do not use the Talmud which developed a different perception of what their Zionism is.