Euskadi Carlism

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Euskadi Carlism, also sometimes referred to informally as Carlos Hugo Carlism, is a variation of Carlism that combines traditionally monarchist ideas like having a king and Christian values with traditionally socialist ones like wealth equality. It's culturally variable, although often progressive, civically centrist, and economically left.


The current organisation of the Carlist Party originates from the renovation of the ideology of the illegal Traditionalist Communion, which it was conceived during the 1950s and 1960s in a situation of illegality and prohibition imposed in Francoist Spain to university and workers organisations of non-integrated Carlism (Group of Traditionalist Students, AET, the university; Traditionalist Worker’s Movement, MOT, the workers) into the Francoist only official party, with the support of prince Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma, even though the name of the Carlist Party did not materialize until the end of the 1960s.

Between 1970 and 1972 the Carlist Party organised Congresses of the Carlist People in Arbonne, in which it adopted a program for the ideological change of Carlism towards self-management socialism and the conversion of Carlist Party into a federal and democratic party of the masses and of class which aspired to a socialist-based monarchy in a pact between the dynasty and the people. The leader Francesc Xavier after suffering a serious automobile accident conceded full powers to his son Carlos Hugo, represented in Spain for José María de Zavala, to run the party and resigned on 20 April 1975.

According to party data, it contained around 25,000 members in 1977. In 1974, the Carlist Party went on to form an alliance jointly with other forces of the opposition from the Democratic Junta of Spain until it ended in February 1975 to go on to form part of the Democratic Convergence Platform which fused with the Democratic Junta in the Democratic Co-ordination in March 1976.

It was not able to participate in the first democratic elections of 1977 as it did not secure official recognition as a party on time. On the other hand, Prince Sixtus Henry of Bourbon-Parma gave his support to remnant elements loyal to Francoism and with the collaboration of international far-right elements he intended to organise an alternative Carlism to the Carlist Party and of the far-right with strong support from New Force. After meeting some of his followers, they went to disrupt and intimidate in full force their opposition carrying out a terrorist aggression in the annual Carlist concentration of Montejurra in 1976, which ended with the death of two Carlist partisans.

After supporting the Spanish Constitution of 1978, the Carlist Party suffered an internal crisis with a split into nationalist and left-wing parties. In the 1979 Spanish general election, the party obtained 50,552 votes (0.28%) and remained without parliamentary representation. The best results they obtained were in Navarre with 7.72% and the Basque Country with 0.65%. Because of the electoral infighting, its general secretary Zavala resigned following the rest of the directors between Carlos Carnicero and Josep Carles Clemente. In April of that year, it obtained 12,165 votes (4.79%) in the elections for the Parliament of Navarre, obtaining one representative (who did not attend the parliamentary sessions). In November 1979, Carlos Hugo renounced the presidency and in April 1980 was lowered down in the party (even though he did not reject his dynastic rights to the Spanish Crown, the pretence from which he held since the abdication of his father in 1975), which happened to be testimonial in Spanish political life.

Mariano Zufia, general secretary of the Carlist Party of Euskal Herria and Navarrese member of parliament, assumed the post of General Secretary of the Carlist Party. In 1986, he was one of the forces that gave origin to United Left, even though he walked out of the coalition in 1987. The Carlist Party missed attending the majority of later electoral processes due to funds and militancy failures. In 1989, it was one of the political parties and signing associations of the Pact of Estella and in 2005 campaigned against the European Constitution.

The Carlist Party has continued to oppose both main political parties in Spain, the People's Party and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party.


The Carlist Party's ideology is motivated by Catholic social teaching and the Christian Left, but it does not limit its membership to practicing Catholics due to what it calls "the reality of the secularization of modern society". It derives its rejections of modern society from these Catholic principles. It defines itself as part of the "New Left" that rejects the Soviet state-managed economy in favor of a democratization of the market through cooperatives and trade unions inspired by Yugoslav socialism to create a federal Euskal Herria in a federal Spain. The Carlists derive their criticism of capitalism from opposition to Liberal individualism in favor of Catholic Personalism.

The Carlist Party supports democracy and socialism, seeing them as a bulwark against both communism and liberalism (with which it identifies capitalism) respectively. It supports a number of social justice causes, such as ethnic minority rights, justifying it from a Catholic, rather then liberal, perspective.

Ideologically, the party defends a model of socialism based in workers' self-management inspired by Yugoslav socialism and a federal Euskal Herria in a confederal Spain.

How to Draw

Symbol of Euskadi Carlism
  1. Draw a ball. and color it white.
  2. Inside it, draw the symbol of the Carlist Party of Euskal Herria.
  3. Draw the eyes.
  4. Optionally, draw a fancy Spanish hat on it.

You're done!

Color Name HEX RGB
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255
Red #FF4649 255, 70, 73




  • Monarcho-Syndicalism - Would be higher if their name didn't give me Falangist flashbacks.
  • Socialism - Let's turn Europe red! But why the republican tendencies?
  • Monarchism - Could do with a bit more equality you know.
  • Carlism - Although I'm technically one of you, your reactionary ways denies the true path of Carlism!


Further Information