Islamic Socialism

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Islamic Socialism is an ideology that seeks to combine Islamic principles with socialism , designed to be compatible with the teachings of Islam and to address the economic and social issues that are faced by Muslim-majority countries. This is extremely ironic considering the fact that Islamists are the most staunchest anti-Socialists.

Islamic socialists argue that the principles of Islam, such as justice, equality, and the belief in a fair distribution of wealth, are compatible with the principles of socialism. They believe that the Qur'an and the Hadith, provide a basis for a socialist economic and political system that is just and fair to all members of society such as in Qur'an 9:60

Islamic Socialism has been advocated by a number of Muslim political parties and movements, particularly in the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia. It has various different interpretations and is often mistaken for Nasserism or Ba'athism due to overlap.



  • Mohammed Najibullah

Mohammed Najibullah was the President of Afghanistan from 1987 until 1992, when the country was in the midst of a civil war. During his presidency, Najibullah implemented land reform, the nationalization of industries, and the establishment of a system of universal healthcare and education.

Najibullah's government was supported by the Soviet Union , which had invaded Afghanistan in 1979 and installed a pro-communist regime in the country. The Soviet intervention by Brezhnev , however, was deeply unpopular among many Afghans, who resisted the occupation and formed various armed resistance groups, known as the mujahideen

In the late 1980s, Najibullah's government began to lose support and control over various parts of the country to the mujahedeen. Despite efforts to negotiate a peace settlement, the civil war continued to escalate, and in 1992, Najibullah was forced to resign and flee the country. The mujahedeen then took control of the government, leading to a period of instability and conflict that persisted for many years

South Yemen

South Yemen was a British colony until 1967, when it declared independence as the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. After independence, South Yemen faced several challenges, including a lack of natural resources, a small and largely illiterate population, and a limited economic base. The YSP government attempted to address these challenges through a series of Soviet-style development plans , which focused on industrialization, land reform, and the expansion of social services. However, these plans were hampered by poor planning, ,corruption, and the lack of financial resources. The country's economy struggled, and living standards remained low.

In addition to economic challenges, South Yemen faced political instability and internal conflict. The YSP was the only legal political party , and dissent was suppressed. There were several uprisings against the government, including a 1967 coup attempt and a 1971 civil war, which was fought between factions of the YSP. The government was also involved in a series of border disputes and conflicts with neighboring countries, including Oman and Saudi Arabia

Despite these challenges, South Yemen remained a key player in the Arab world due to its close ties to the Soviet Union. The country received significant economic and military assistance from the Soviet Union and other socialist countries, and it played a role in various regional conflicts, including the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Iran-Iraq War. However, as the Cold War came to an end and the Soviet Union collapsed, South Yemen's position became increasingly precarious. The country's economy deteriorated further, and it became increasingly isolated internationally. In 1990, North and South Yemen united to form the Republic of Yemen. The unification process was led by President Saleh of North Yemen and Ali Salem al-Beidh, the secretary-general of the YSP in South Yemen. The two sides agreed to establish a federal system, with a central government responsible for foreign affairs and defense and regional governments responsible for local affairs. However, the process of unification was difficult, with deep-rooted differences between the two regions and suspicions on both sides. The YSP, which had ruled South Yemen, was effectively dismantled, and many southerners felt that the northern-dominated government was imposing its will on the south. This led to a rise in separatist sentiment and the emergence of movements advocating for greater autonomy or even outright separation. The separatist movement gained momentum in the 2000s and eventually culminated in the civil war in 2015.


In Iran, Islamic socialism was advocated by Mirza Kuchik Khan, who was a prominent figure in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906 and the founder of the Jangali movement.

The Jangali movement was a political and military movement that emerged in the aftermath of the Constitutional Revolution. It was led by Mirza Kuchik Khan and was based in the province of Gilan in northern Iran. The Jangali movement was inspired by socialist and anarchist ideas and sought to establish a government in Iran based on Islamic principles.

Mirza Kuchik Khan and the Jangali movement were opposed to the centralization of power in the hands of the monarchy and sought to establish a decentralized, federalist system of government. They also advocated for the rights of peasants and workers and sought to reform the economy in a way that would benefit the lower classes.

The Jangali movement played a significant role in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution and was instrumental in the establishment of the Persian Republic in 1921. However, the movement eventually lost power and influence and was suppressed by the government.

During the Pahlavi era, there were different ranges of Islamic socialists, and one of the most famous of them is Ali Shariati, who was a very Islamist of the Islamic socialists and examined the main foundations of Islam with respect to ethics and justice, and severely criticized Marxism. Another range of Islamic socialists who later found Marxist tendencies can be the example of the People's Mojahedin Khalq, which was led by Masoud Rajavi.


Islamic Marxism

Flag of Islamic Marxism

Islamic Marxism attempts to apply Marxist economic, political, and social teachings within an Islamic framework. Traditional forms of Marxism are anti-religious and support atheism, which has led many Muslims to reject Marxism. However, the affinity between Marxist and Islamic ideals of social justice has led some Muslims to embrace their own forms of Marxism since the 1940s. Islamic Marxists believe that Islam meets the needs of society and can accommodate or guide the social changes Marxism hopes to accomplish. Islamic Marxists are also dismissive of traditional Marxist views on materialism and religion.

The Mojahedin Khalq can be mentioned as one of the organizations that have the tendency of Islamic Marxism and are known for the crimes they have committed.

Pakistani People's Party

Flag of the PPP

Founded in 1967 by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto during the reign of General Ayub Khan (1958-1969), whose regime was blamed for widespread wealth inequality and poverty, this was also a time in which the Pakistani economy nearly collapsed due to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, where many scared investors pulled out and there was not much economic growth, the war itself was very unpopular especially considering that the war resulted in status quo antebellum when many Pakistanis wanted a conclusive Pakistani victory, Ayub fiercely defended the outcome of the war, saying it was the best for the people and his foreign minister (Bhutto) spoke vehemently against this and said that he lost through negotiation, and in-turn resigned.

Upon his resignation, there was a kindled fire of leftist hatred against Ayub and seeing himself not having a fit position, founded the party.

  • Populism

Bhutto 's message appealed to the masses, he promised economic equality, better education,jobs, abolition of the feudal system , land distribution , and an end to the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few elites. He also promised to restore democracy and civil liberties, which had been curtailed under the military rule of Ayub . The party quickly gained popularity and support, particularly among the youth, urban workers, and poor farmers.

  • Political Success: The party's first major electoral victory came in 1970, when it won a majority of seats in the National Assembly and formed the government. Bhutto became the Prime Minister and implemented many of the party's populist policies, including nationalizing key industries and instituting land reform. However, Bhutto's rule was also marked by widespread corruption, nepotism, and authoritarianism, and he faced increasing opposition from within his own party as well as from the opposition.
  • Dictatorship and Military Coup : In 1977, Bhutto was overthrown in a military coup led by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq . Bhutto was later tried and convicted on charges of conspiracy to murder and hanged in 1979. The party continued to be active in opposition to the military dictatorship, but it faced frequent persecution and harassment.

Foundations and Beliefs

How to Draw

Flag of Islamic Socialism
  1. Draw a ball
  2. Fill it with green
  3. Draw a golden Crescent Moon in the lower-middle, facing top-right
  4. Add a gold hammer with it's handle going through the moon, also facing top-right
  5. Draw a medium-sized five-pointed star close to the hammer head's end
  6. Add the eyes

You are done!

Color Name HEX RGB
Green #296609 41, 102, 9
Gold #FDC82F 253, 200, 47




  • Islamic Anarchism - Based Islam, cringe Anarchism.
  • Marxism–Leninism - You supported me in Afghanistan. But many countries controlled by you persecuted their Muslim population. Your YouTube channel is based though.
  • Khomeinism - Mahmoud Taleghani was one of your students, and you respect Ali Shariati, and in general, my type of religion is on your side, but my type of Marxism is against you.
    • Anyone who is a true socialist must be against Khomeini.
    • It is better to say that anyone who believes in Marxism is against Khomeini. Because a socialist who uses Islam as his model will never commit murder and crime like you, stupid Marxist.
  • Kemalism - I worked with him in the Turkish War of Independence to chase out foreign imperialists, but he later betrayed me by abolishing the Caliphate.


Further Information


Notable Islamic Socialists



  1. A lot of mappers or self-named "Geotubers" on such platforms are Muslims, communists and nationalists.
  2. Bhutto imposed a ban on alcohol for Pakistan's Muslim population, yet he himself drank alcohol
  3. He praised Hoxha's economic policies, whilst criticizing his opposition to Yugoslavia.
  4. Recommended Settlers
  5. Said that a united Ummah would be "beautiful".
  6. in Twitter DMs he's expressed pro-Saddam sentiments and defended the Anfal Campaign.
  7. He praised Tito's Brotherhood and unity policy but opposed his reliance on IMF loans.
  8. Video on Malcolm x's views on jews from a speech before he died



Alternative designs

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