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"Long live the new world of the twentieth century! Long live Fascist Italy! Long live Soviet Russia! Long live Hitler’s Germany! Long live the Spain we are going to create! Down with the bourgeois and parliamentary democracies!"

Falangism, is an economically third position (but usually left-leaning), culturally right wing, ethnonationalist (but highly supports race mixing, claiming that the intermixing of the Spanish race and other races has produced a "Hispanic supercaste" that is "ethically improved, morally robust, spiritually vigorous") authoritarian and nationalist ideology originating from Spain. It places a large emphasis on hierarchy, authority and order, and is opposed to communism and liberal democracy. Falangism believe in uniting all of Spain using violence, thus it heavily opposes regional Separatist movements. It believes in a form of pan-Hispanic nationalism known as Hispanidad. It also believes in strict adherence to traditional gender roles.

Economically, Falangism believes in National Syndicalism. It calls for agrarian reform, and expansion of Industry. Generally, it supports private property, although it advocates for the nationalization of credit. It believes in class collaboration.



The Movimiento Español Sindicalista (MES) (English: Spanish Syndicalist Movement) was a Spanish far-right political movement and predecessor of the Falange Española. The movement, which emerged in early 1933, was founded primarily by José Antonio Primo de Rivera, writer Rafael Sánchez Mazas, and aviator Julio Ruiz de Alda. Other notable members of the MES were Dionisio Ridruejo,Alfonso García Valdecasas, Manuel Sarrión, and Andrés de la Cuerda. Members of the MES openly embraced fascism and for a time the movement was known as the Movimiento Español Sindicalista-Fascismo Español (MES-FE, or Spanish Syndicalist-Fascist Movement). It soon became apparent that the MES was to have little political success on its own.

In August 1933, José Antonio Primo de Rivera signed the "Pacto de El Escorial" ("El Escorial Pact"), wherein a pact of solidarity was formed between Spanish monarchists and the MES-FE. On 29 October 1933, in the midst of an electoral campaign, the MES held a rally at the Teatro de la Comedia in Madrid and re-founded itself as the Falange Española.

FET y de las JONS

Another famous example, the National Syndicalist party that formed in 1937 from the merger between the Carlist party and the Falange Española de las JONS. After the Spanish Civil War, they were combined with several other Nationalist parties, however there was a great amount of tension between the Falangists and the Carlists which ended up manifesting itself in violence with the Begona Incident.

By the middle of World War two, the party began to stress the unique "Spanish Catholic authoritarianism" of the Falange, as well as switching gears from being a political party to being a movement. The movement slowly died out until 1965, when the SEU (the student organization of the movement) was dissolved. More info


Falangism places a strong emphasis on the Roman Catholic religious identity of Spain, though it has maintained some secular views regarding the Church's direct influence on Spanish society. One of the tenets of Falangist ideology is that the state should hold supreme authority over the nation. Falangism underscores the necessity for total authority, hierarchy, and order within society. Similar to fascism, it is anti-communist, anti-democratic, and anti-liberal.

The Falange's original manifesto, the "Twenty-Seven Point Program of the Falange", declared support for the unity of Spain and the elimination of regional separatism, calling for the establishment of a dictatorship led by the Falange, the use of political violence to regenerate the Spanish nation, and the revival and development of a Falnge-led new Spanish Empire; attributes which aligned the movement closely with fascist principles. The manifesto also advocated for a national syndicalist economy, agrarian reforms, industrial expansion, and situational respect for private property, with an exception for nationalizing credit facilities to prevent usury.

Falangism has positioned itself against both the political left and right, identifying them as its "enemies." It claims to be neither left nor right, but rather a syncretic third position, underscoring its unique ideological blend and its aim to create an alternative to traditional Spanish political categories.


While Falangism does involve certain racialist elements, its primary focus is on cultural and spiritual strength rather than biological purity. Even tho some Falangists in Spain supported racialism and racialist policies (viewing races as real entities with distinct strengths, weaknesses, and culture), Falangism does not emphasize racial purity or denounce other races as inferior like National Socialism. Instead, it claims that each race has its own cultural significance and asserts that the intermixing of the Spanish race with others has created a "Hispanic supercaste" that is "ethically improved, morally robust, and spiritually vigorous."[4]

Falangism is more focused on the spiritual regeneration of Spanish Catholicism than on biological racial regeneration. While some Falangists have promoted eugenics to eliminate physical and psychological damage caused by pathogens, the movement primarily supports natal policies to increase fertility rates among physically and morally fit citizens. Notably, the Falangists in Spanish Guinea included Emancipados in their ranks, reflecting a degree of inclusivity. By 1938, in Santa Isabel (now Malabo, Equatorial Guinea), there were two units of native Falangists and four of Europeans. In 1959, the Female Section extended its teachings to Guinean women to prepare them for independence.


The Spanish Falange and its affiliates in Hispanic states around the world promoted a form of pan-Hispanism known as Hispanidad that advocated both the cultural and economic union of Hispanic societies around the world. It sought to unite Hispanic peoples through various proposals to create a sort of commonwealth or federation between Spanish-speaking states that would have been headed by Spain. This idea served as a precursor for similar political views such as Alexander Dugin's concept of Dasein.

Answer to the Jewish question

The founder of the Falange Española, José Antonio Primo de Rivera, had little interest in addressing the "Jewish problem" outside areas of political issues. The Falange's position was influenced by the fact of the small size of the Jewish community in Spain at the time that did not favor the development of strong antisemitism. Primo de Rivera saw the solution to the "Jewish problem" in Spain as simple: the conversion of Jews to Catholicism as consistent with previous answers to the Jewish question in Spain. However, on the issue of perceived political tendencies amongst Jews, he warned about Jewish-Marxist influences over the working classes. The Falangist daily newspaper Arriba claimed that "the Judeo-Masonic International is the creator of two great evils that have afflicted humanity: Capitalism and Marxism". Primo de Rivera approved of attacks by Falangists on the Jewish-owned SEPU department stores in 1935.


Falangism supports a national, trans-class society while opposing individual-class-based societies such as bourgeois or proletarian societies. Falangism opposes class conflict. José Antonio Primo de Rivera declared that "the State is founded on two principles—service to the united nation and the cooperation of classes".

Falangism in Spain, as promoted by Primo de Rivera, advocated a "national-syndicalist" economy that rejected both capitalism and communism. Primo de Rivera denounced capitalism for being an individualist economy at the hands of the bourgeoisie that turned workers "into a dehumanized cog in the machinery of bourgeois production," while also denouncing state socialist economies for "enslaving the individual by handing control of production to the state."

The Falange's original manifesto, the "Twenty-Seven Points", called for a social revolution to create a national syndicalist economy that creates national syndicates of both employees and employers to organize and control the economic activity mutually. It further advocated agrarian reform, industrial expansion, and tolerance for private property but subject to the social function. In any case, the property was to be restricted to the satisfaction of basic needs. Private control over the means of production would have never been allowed. It would have also nationalized credit facilities, as to prevent capitalist usury. The manifesto also supported criminalization of strikes by employees and lockouts by employers as illegal acts, while mirroring social democratic policies in supporting state jurisdiction over the setting of wages.


Pedro Durruti Thought

Pedro was born in León on March 6, 1911. He was the youngest of eight siblings born of the marriage between Santiago Durruti, a railroad worker, and Anastasia Domingo. Following in the footsteps of his older brother, he joined the ranks of the anarchists, but soon, his nationalist ideas would begin to alienate him from the CNT, being more drawn to the ideals of national syndicalism.

On May 3, 1935, Pedro attended a meeting with Syndicalist Party leader Ángel Pestaña. Attended by José Antonio Primo de Rivera and Diego Abad de Santillán, the meeting was facilitated by the friendship between the union leader Pestaña, Pedro Durruti, and the Falangist Luys Santa Marina [es], inventor of the blue shirt. Pestaña, having been expelled from the CNT in 1931, had separated from anarchism with the Manifiesto de los Treinta while also levying criticism against USSR, where he was a delegate at a meeting of the Comintern: "People on the road to freedom will never produce despots."

Soon after, Pedro would join the Falange proper on February 5, 1936, endorsed by José Antonio Primo de Rivera himself and being assigned card number 1501 on April 1. His sister, Rosa Durruti, personally embroidered the yoke and arrows on his blue Falange uniform. Pedro soon made arrangements for a meeting between his older brother Buenaventura Durruti, leader of the Iberian Anarchist Federation, and José Antonio Primo de Rivera, leader of the FE de las JONS. Attempting to form an "Italian model in the style of Mussolini", his efforts to consummate such an alliance between the two forces failed, with Buenaventura's answer being a premonitory rejection: "You will see what payment the fascists will give you."

In 1937, amidst the Spanish Civil War, Pedro was imprisoned in the San Marcos prison in Leon. At 26 years old and dressed in the blue overalls of the Falange with his arm raised, Pedro Durruti was shot by a firing squad in El Ferral de Bernesga, León, at six o'clock in the afternoon of August 22, 1937. Accused of participating in Manuel Hedilla's conspiracy, Durruti was a victim of the purges by the Francoists against those members of the Falange accused of being leftists, as was the case of the orthodox followers of Ramiro Ledesma Ramos. Denigrated as "a robber like his brother Buenaventura", the exact reason for his death was due to concerns that he had joined the Falange solely to infiltrate it with socialists and sow division among the nationalist faction.

Gemayelism / Geageaism

Gemayelism is an economically centre-right and culturally far-right ideology based on the views of former Lebanese president, Lebanese Forces founder and former leader of the Phalanges, Bachir Gemayel.

Geageaism is based on the political ideology of the current leader of the Lebanese Forces, Samir Geagea.

Despite being placed on the Falangism page this ideology has little to do with the ideology of Primo De Rivera or the Falange in general. The group was primarily a hristian paramilitary group that wanted to emulate the aesthetics of fascism. One of the main discrepencies between falangism and the lebanese was their view on economic liberalism where the lebanese stated the following: "The Phalange Party motto is "God, the Fatherland, and the Family," and its doctrine emphasizes a free economy and private initiative. Phalangist ideology focuses on the primacy of preserving the Lebanese nation, but with a "Phoenician" identity, distinct from its Arab, Muslim neighbors. Party policies have been uniformly anticommunist and anti-Palestinian and have allowed no place for pan-Arab ideals." The beliefs of the Lebanese Kataeb align more with national conservatism because of their lack of syndicalist rhetoric, their focus on national sovereignty, their privatization free economy rhetoric, and their alignment to western states like Israel.

Personality and Behaviour

Acts like a stereotypical Spanish person and hates being called a fake syndicalist.

How to Draw

Flag of Falangism
  1. Draw a ball.
  2. Color the left and right thirds of the ball red.
  3. Color the remaining third black.
  4. In the center, draw the yoke and arrows in red.
    1. Draw a bundle of arrows.
    2. Draw 2 curves next to the arrows, facing up.
    3. Connect them with a line crossing the arrows.
  5. Add the eyes, and you're done!
Color Name HEX RGB
Red #DA121A 218, 18, 26
Black #141414 20, 20, 20



  • National Syndicalism - My dad, his economics are the best.
  • Fascism - Corporatism and traditionalism are cool too.
  • Ethnonationalism, Cultural Nationalism - ¡Viva la raza española!
  • Fourth Theory - I sort of had your ideology but with Spanish perspective characteristics. We both agree that returning to tradition is very based, but you're too sympathetic to Bolshevism.
  • Integralism - ¡Viva Cristo Rey!
  • Distributism - Pretty much what my economic end-goal is, though be more economically left and embrace unions.
  • Catholic Theocracy - Long live the Christian forces.
  • Maternalism - The best form of female empowerment.
  • Salazarism - Thanks for the viriatos, Portugal is still a spanish province .
  • Clerical Fascism - He knows a lot.
  • French Fascism - Although I generally dislike the French, this is an exception, I must thank the heroic comrades of the Croix-de-Feu for joining the Joan of Arc Company of the Spanish Foreign Legion during the Civil War!
  • Legionarism - Thank you for your help in the war against the satanic forces, Moța's sacrifice will be remembered eternally!
  • British Fascism - You made a based English rendition of my theme song.
  • Blueshirtism - Thanks for helping me in the war!
  • Synarchism - A friend from the americas who is practically the same as me.
  • Peronism - Me in Argentina! W̶h̶y̶ a̶r̶e̶ y̶o̶u̶ f̶e̶m̶i̶n̶i̶s̶t̶?̶!̶
  • Tacuarism - Another Argentine friend, maybe you are even better than Perón, who is sometimes too secular .
  • Centralism - Spain is only one!


  • Francoism - Why did you backstab me after the Civil War??
  • Technocracy - He replaced my party leadership with them. I AM A TECHNOCRAT!!!
  • Saadehism - Based economically left-wing pan-nationalist from Syria. Not sure about letting go off my Lebanese branch but you are more ideologically closer to me than them. Still, I can't forgive you for killing Gemayel with a car bomb.
  • Pinochetism - My MRNS colleagues supported your coup, but why are you so pro-American?
  • Indigenism - I'm sorry for what my ancestors did previously, I'll treat you better when my empire is given back.
  • Carlism - You're cringe but I can sympathize how he backstabbed you too.
  • Monarchism - You were a great Defender of the Faith, but Spain must move on.
  • Khomeinism - I like ethyou, but why don't you like me? Why do you call me a rogue?
    • Go ask your Lebanese branch.
  • Nazism - Sent militants to help me in the war, but later persecuted me and the other Catholic ideologies in Poland during the bigger war, alongside with the ban on race-mixing. I still helped the axis against the Bolshevik Freemasons by sending the Blue Division to the Eastern Front.
  • Reactionaryism - And you prove my point that the (culturally) right wants to conservate everything, even the unjust things.
  • VOX - Spanish nationalist and conservative? Based, but deep down you're a filthy capitalist, like PP.
  • Alt-Right - Thanks for making defending me online, but cool down on the racism. It's funny how you use my symbol and say you are against racemixing.
  • Anarcho-Communism, Anarcho-Syndicalism - I tried to have you guys join me in destroying capitalism in spain but you decided to get wrecked in Catalonia this caused us both to be wrecked by Franco later.[5]


  • Capitalism - Disgusting, individualist ideology that dehumanizes workers!
  • Classical Liberalism - Godless state that believes in nothing.
  • Marxism-Leninism - Complete abolition of private property and slavery to the state is cringe as well.
  • Anti-Fascism - My party fell apart because I was too tolerant of you!!!
  • Independence Anarchism - You will not destroy my beautiful Spain!
  • Racial Nationalism - Reject racial purity, embrace race mixing!
  • Progressivism - You want to destroy everything including good!
  • Neoliberalism - Horrible and liberal economic model, you will not exploit us!
  • Zionism - The financial monster is digging its claws into the national economy, large Jewish companies continue to disgustingly exploit their employees and sink small businesses more and more every day. The fake Lebanese version of me is an idiot who supported you.
  • Pahlavism - Why did your Party decide to abandon Fascism in favor of Democratic Centralism? Of course, because of your hostility to religious culture and anti-traditionalism, and because you are the handiwork of neoconservatives, and because your modern supporters are anti-clerical and even some are anti-religion, for these reasons, you are an enemy to me and should be eliminated.

Further Information








  1. While Ledesma was a fascist the case for Jose Antonio is debatable as in some of his private comments he spoke against fascism while praising certain forms of it as shown in the anthology provieded. He and Ledesma had oppositions towards each other which led to
  2. While Ledesma was a fascist the case for Jose Antonio is debatable as in some of his private comments he spoke against fascism while praising certain forms of it as shown in the anthology provieded. He and Ledesma had oppositions towards each other which led to
  3. Jose followed the teachings of Ortega Gasset and wanted to create a blanquist revolution of creative minds.
  4. Roger Griffin (ed). Fascism. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. p. 190.
  5. Falange a history of spanish fascism stangley g payne pg 84