British Fascism

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"Fascism was an explosion against intolerable conditions, against remediable wrongs which the old world failed to remedy."

British Fascism (shortened to BritFash) is an umbrella term used to refer to the many different Fascist movements in Britain from the early-1900s to the present day.

Primarially, the term is also used to refer specifically to the ideology of Oswald Mosley, and by extension his political party: the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Hereafter, this will be refered to as Mosleyism. Mosleyism perports to be economically third positionist, culturally far-right, authoritarian and nationalist, with anti-capitalist, anti-communist and anti-interventionist leanings.



While British fascists claim that the roots of their ideology lie deep in English/British history and traditions (often citing Oliver Cromwell’s Protectorate and Thomas Hobbes’ book Leviathan as examples, alongside particular reference to Tudor England), fascism in Britain primarially sprung up in response to Benito Mussolini's March on Rome in Italy and Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany.

One of the earliest Fascist parties in Britain was the British Fascists (initially called the British Fascisti), formed in May 1923 by Rotha Lintorn-Orman, inspired by the Italian fascist movement. Despite the BF being the first party in Britain to declare itself as 'fascist', there was little that united the party ideologically, which would be the party's Achilles' heel, as many (such as Arnold Leese, founder of the Imperial Fascist League) would split from the party on ideological grounds, leading to the party's eventual dissolusion in 1934.

The aformentioned Imperial Fascist League (IFL), founded in 1929, was much more focused than its predecessor party, being much more in line with Nazism (as opposed to Italian fascism), espousing anti-Semitism and Aryan superiority, with the party later recieving indirect funding from the Nazi party. The IFL, in fact, moved so far away from the initial Italian roots of fascism that they declared Benito Mussolini a 'pro-semite'.


By the 1930s, fascism had become cemented in the European (and by extension, the British) consiousness. In October 1932, Oswald Mosley, formerly an MP for the Labour Party, founded the British Union of Fascists (BUF). The BUF would, by virtue of being the most prominent fascist group in Britain at the time, codify the values associated with British fasicsm (see below).

The BUF, in order to maintain their hegemony over British Far-Right politics, attempted to reach out to the many other fascists groups, such as the aformentioned BF (prior to their collapse) and IFL (who refused). If groups refused, the BUF physically broke up their meetings, and would attempt to disrupt them at every turn.

While the BUF initially stayed neutral on the topic of anti-semitism, the party (and by extension, Mosley), eventually embraced it, resulting in many people abandoning the party. Furthermore, many also found the increasing violence of the party (a key example being the infamous 1936 Battle of Cable Street, where anti-fascists clashed with BUF 'blackshirts') distasteful, causing even more people to leave.

In the end, it was the Second World War that would bring an (albeit temporary) end to the fascist movement in Britain, as many groups were banned, with their members arrested, under Defence Regulation 18B and the Treachery Act 1940.


After the war, Oswald Mosley have created The Union Movement as a continuation of the old British Union of Fascists but more democratic aesthetic and much smaller then the BUF during its 1930’s heyday. The Union Movement eventually disbanded in 1973 when Mosley finally retired from politics. Mosley died in 1980.

Post WW2, various other British Fascist came into existence. For example, The British Movement was created by Colin Jordan in the year 1968 after the British National Socialist Movement and in 1975 Michael McLaughlin he became the leader of The British Movement until it was disbanded in 1983 after an election.

Following the decline of Oswald Mosley, the mantle of the British far-right would be taken up by the League of Empire Loyalists led by A. K. Chesterton. Following a merger with various smaller organisations this became the National Front, which enjoyed a heyday in the 1970’s under the leadership of John Tyndall and would subsequently decline and split following Tyndall leaving the NF to form the British National Party (BNP). Tyndall’s successor as BNP leader, Nick Griffin, would lead the party to increasing success over the course of the 2000’s, with a peak in the 2009 European Parliament elections in which the BNP won 2 seats. However, the BNP would soon be eclipsed by the rise of the United Kingdom Independence Party in the early 2010’s and is now considered to be an impotent political organisation.

Present Day

Many political groups focused on British fascism have emerged in the 21st century, but most have either dissolved, or, particularly in the case of National Action, been proscribed by the British Government on the grounds of promoting terrorism (National Action condoned the murder of Member of Parliament Jo Cox by a far-right terrorist). Today, the most notable organisations are the British Democratic Party, Britain First, and Patriotic Alternative.


Palingentic Ultranationalism

British fascists diagnose the nation as in decline and under threat. For the BUF, the fragmenting of the British Empire and the changes in gender roles following WWI were examples of the weaknesses of British society. The decline was blamed on liberalism and outside (usually Jewish) influences and propagandists.The fascist cure to this decline was renewal of the nation. Renewal for the BUF entailed national values being elevated over individual values.

Women's Rights and Maternalism

British Fascism strongly believes in Social Equality between the two sexes . Mosley believed that conflict between the two sexes only divides a people and creates a pointless competition between them. Mosley believed that morality must guide both sexes and that both have equal skills in what ever field they enter. British Fascism believes that women within Fascism should have fair conditions within industry, representation within parliament, special care for Mothers and their Children who would be given welfare support, equal pay, and proper education.

Mosley did believe though that women must understand the concept maternal needs. If their nation needs assistance then women are free to take up arms, work in factories, or assist in anyway for their nation and their people. But when there is no hard times ahead and peace is established, women must return home to preform their maternal duties and raise their children to create a new and happy generation of proud British Citizens.

Sir Oswald Mosley, the leader of the British Union of Fascists, identified himself as a feminist, aligning with his progressive stance. Similar to Mussolini, Mosley held a disdain for rigid cultural conservatism. In many ways, Mosley can be considered a progressive figure. Furthermore, the British Union of Fascists counted numerous feminists among its ranks.

Question 31. Would women be eligible as representatives (i) on all Corporations, (ii) on any Corporation?

They will be eligible for all Corporations representing their industry or profession. In addition the great majority of women who are wives and mothers will for the first time be given effective representation by Fascism. A special Corporation will be created for them, which will have special standing in the State. The Corporation will deal with outstanding women's questions such as mother and child welfare. In addition, it will assist the Government in such matters as food prices, housing, education and other subjects, in which the opinion of a practical housewife is often more than that of a Socialist professor or spinster politician.

Question 32. Will the position of women be in any way inferior under Fascism?

Certainly not. Fascism in Britain will maintain the British principle of honouring and elevating the position of women. We certainly combat the decadence of the present system which treats the position of wife and mother as inferior. On the contrary, we consider this to be one of the greatest of human and racial functions to be honored and encouraged. But women will be free to pursue their own vacations. Fascism combats the false values of decadence not by force, but by persuasion and example.

— Oswald Mosley, Fascism 100 Questions Asked and Answered

Similar to Italian Fascism, British Fascism implemented various progressive reforms for women. It was not a reactionary movement seeking to subordinate women to men or revive outdated social norms. Fascism, by its nature, always looked towards the future.

Norah Elam, in her 1935 essay Fascism, Women, and Democracy published in The Fascist Quarterly, expressed her views on Fascism and found the Mosleyite Fascism to be a modern and forward-thinking movement, providing a welcoming environment. Women constituted 25% of the British Union of Fascists (BUF) membership, held positions of authority and leadership within the party, and several, including Elam, were put forward as candidates for elections in 1936. The drive and dedication of these female members were appreciated and recognized within the movement.

Mosley observed in 1940:

My movement has been largely built up by the fanaticism of women; they hold ideals with tremendous passion.” — Oswald Mosley, My Life

In Norah Elam's essay, published in the 1935 edition of The Fascist Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 3, she passionately presents arguments in favor of Fascism as the genuine protector of women's interests and liberty. She also intriguingly suggests that Fascism is the natural progression of the original suffragette movement, drawing parallel points of interest between feminism and Mosleyite Fascism. Elam's essay highlights her fervor and dedication to promoting the compatibility of feminism with the principles of Fascism.

In this conception of practical citizenship, the women’s struggle resembles closely the new philosophy of Fascism. Indeed, Fascism is the logical, if much grander, conception of the momentous issues raised by the militant women of a generation ago. Nor do the points of resemblance end here. The Women’s movement, like the Fascist movement, was conducted under strict discipline, and cut across all Party allegiance; its supporters were drawn from every class and Party. It appealed to women to forget self-interest; to relinquish petty personal advantages and the privilege of the sheltered few for the benefit of the many; and to stand together against the wrongs and injustices which were inherent in a system so disastrous to the well-being of the race. Like the Fascist movement, too, it chose its Leader, and once having chosen gave to that Leader absolute authority to direct its policy and destiny, displaying a loyalty and a devotion never surpassed in the history of this country. Moreover, like the Fascist movement again, it faced the brutality of the streets; the jeers of its opponents; the misapprehensions of the well-disposed; and the rancour of the politicians. It endured the hatred of the existing Government, and finally the loneliness of the prison cell and the horror of forcible feeding. Its speakers standing in the open spaces and at the street corners were denied the right of free speech; its champions selling their literature spat upon and reviled; its deputations were manhandled. Suffragettes became the sport of any rowdy who cared to take the law into his own hands. To make the analogy the more exact, no calumny was too vile and no slander too base to set about the moral character of its leaders, or the aims and objects of the women who owed them allegiance.” — Norah Elam, The Feminine Contribution to Fascism

Anne Brock-Griggs, an influential feminist and early member of the BUF, joined the movement partly due to her disillusionment with establishment conservatism. She gained recognition through her powerful speeches and was appointed as the Woman's Propaganda Officer within the BUF staff in 1935. Later, she was promoted to the position of Chief Woman's Officer, becoming the national leader of the Women's Division within the party. Brock-Griggs represented the views of female members through the Woman's Page of the party newspaper, Action. In 1937, she ran as a BUF candidate for Limehouse, East London, although her campaign was ultimately unsuccessful. She actively participated in the Peace Campaign, opposing the entry of the United Kingdom into World War II.

During her time with the BUF, Brock-Griggs published a pamphlet in 1936 titled Women and Fascism: Ten Points of Fascist Policy For Women. This pamphlet reflected the official stance of the BUF on women's issues, approved by Mosley himself. The writing strongly emphasized welfare and social reform, with the aim of benefiting women.

These benefits briefly summed up were:

  1. Women having representation in parliament
  2. Legalistic equality for women
  3. Equal pay for equal work
  4. The right to work and vote
  5. Improvement of working conditions for women
  6. Removal of all sexual discrimination
  7. Support for health and maternal infant welfare
  8. Affordable housing for families
  9. Free nursery schooling and free higher education
  10. An affordable food supply for families

Despite facing challenges due to ill health, Brock-Griggs continued her involvement in politics, joining Mosley's post-war Union Movement after her release from detention under Defence Regulation 18B during the war. Unfortunately, she passed away from cancer in the 1960s.

Female members of the BUF actively participated in various roles within the organization, including security positions. They also took part in self-defense courses to enhance their skills. It is worth noting that women from different organizations affiliated with the BUF were trained in jiu-jitsu, demonstrating their commitment to personal defense and preparedness.

The Fascist Weekly reported:

No male member of the BUF is permitted to use force upon any woman, and women Reds often form a highly noisy and razor-carrying section at Fascist meetings. Thus we counter women with women.” — A. K. Chesterton, The Fascist Attitude to Women

In her book Feminine Fascism: Women in Britain's Fascist Movement, Julie V. Gottlieb delves into the fascinating lives of notable figures within the British fascist movement. One such individual is Mary Raleigh Richardson, renowned for her involvement as a suffragette and her infamous act of defacing the Rokeby Venus during a Votes for Women protest in 1914. Richardson's activism extended to more extreme measures, including acts of arson, vandalism at the Home Office, and even bombing a railway station, all in the pursuit of women's suffrage.

During the 1930s, both Richardson and her friend Mary Sophia Allen, who drew inspiration from Hitler, joined Sir Oswald Mosley's Blackshirts movement. Allen, displaying a keen interest in the inner workings of Fascist regimes, embarked on extensive travels across Europe to investigate and learn from these systems. Her enthusiasm was shared by Margaret Damer Dawson, with whom she developed a profound and multifaceted relationship. Dawson and Allen cohabitated in London between 1914 and 1920, fostering both a professional and an intimate bond.

Prior to their involvement in the fascist movement, Allen and Dawson had been active members of Emmeline Pankhurst's Women's Social and Political Union. Notably, Allen, alongside her lesbian partner Margaret, played a pivotal role in the establishment of Britain's first division of female police officers. Their dedication to women's rights and social activism demonstrated their unwavering commitment to the cause.

Allen said this about the BUF:

I was first attracted to the Blackshirts, because I saw in them the courage, the action, the loyalty, the gift of service, the ability to serve which I had known in the suffragette movement.” — Mary Allen to the Daily Mail 1934

Mary Sophia Allen's extensive travels across Europe allowed her to establish connections with prominent Fascist leaders, including Eoin O'Duffy in Ireland and Benito Mussolini in Italy. Notably, in 1934, she had the opportunity to meet Adolf Hitler and engage in discussions regarding women police. Allen's encounter with Hitler left a profound impression on her, leading her to publicly express admiration for the German leader.

While her affiliation with Oswald Mosley's BUF was unofficial until 1939, Allen actively participated in various militant activities. In 1933, she played a pivotal role in establishing the Women's Reserve, a group aimed at serving the country in the event of subversive forces taking control. Once she officially joined the BUF, Allen became a prolific writer, contributing numerous articles to the party's newspapers, and openly identifying herself as a dedicated Fascist.

Julie V. Gottlieb, has argued that:

Allen was a prominent supporter of Mosley's British Union, a movement she claimed she had joined due to her sympathy for its anti-war policy." — Julie V. Gottlieb, Feminine Fascism

One lesser-known female figure within the context of British Fascism is Rotha Beryl Lintorn-Orman. Lintorn-Orman had notable experience as a veteran of the Women's Emergency Corps and the Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Services during the years 1914 to 1918. In 1918, she assumed leadership of the British Red Cross Motor School, a vital institution that trained drivers to support the battlefield efforts.

Following the conclusion of World War I, Lintorn-Orman established the British Fascisti in 1923. This organization holds the distinction of being the first openly Fascist group in Britain, with a unique aspect being its female leadership. Julie V. Gottlieb suggests that the creation of the British Fascisti can be seen as a feminist response to the Primrose League.

Lintorn-Orman's political inclinations leaned more towards Tory Conservatism, but her strong anti-communist sentiments and admiration for Benito Mussolini's action-oriented style of politics propelled her towards Fascism. It is important to note, however, that her alignment with Fascism was not driven by a deep ideological commitment to the movement. Nonetheless, Lintorn-Orman's support for feminism set her apart within the context of British Fascism.

Quoting from Feminine Fascism:

Not only was Lintorn-Orman a single woman, but her preference for women in uniform and the paramilitary regimentation of the feminine provoked the pejorative description of her as a ‘mannish-woman'.” — Julie V. Gottlieb, Feminine Fascism

Lintorn-Orman's inclination towards the presence of women in uniform can be interpreted through the lens of masculine inclinations, lesbian eroticism, and a broader enthusiasm for patriotic conformity. However, as her movement gradually disintegrated, she receded into relative obscurity. Lintorn-Orman's descent into addiction, particularly to drugs, lesbianism, and alcohol, compounded by her politics, it contributed to her marginalization to genuine Fascist organizations such as Oswald Mosley's BUF.

Isolationism and Anti-Globalization

While his beliefs and ideology changed as he grew older, Mosley did believe that the races and nationalities of the world can work together and form friendship with one another but must remain restricted by borders to preserve the individual identities of these people and prevent Globalism. In his words: "We can live in peace and friendship side by side in separate nations and separate developments. But we cannot have the mix up of the peoples and races who are widely different divergent. It will lead to nothing but trouble!".

Pan-Nationalism and Anti-Communism

Mosley believed that his people should come first but once their own matters were settled they should assist the other European nations and beyond that, assist the hungry and ill of the rest of the world to prevent Communism from spreading.


The British Union of Fascists were heavily against the Second World War as they claimed peace can be formed between Britain, Germany, and all European powers. Mosley saw the war as just another pointless conflict that pitted European brothers against one another, dooming a whole generation and crippling Europe. If the European people fought one another they would of just given more power to the Communists and the Capitalists who wish to abuse and use the European people. If war must happen, Mosley believed that it must be waged against the Communists such as the Soviet Union who he knew desired to expand their borders and split Europe in half (Which they would end up doing).


British Fascism sees Capitalism as one of the roots of evil. It is a greedy belief that uses the manpower of the world for the gains of the few. Capitalism is also the reason why many Third World societies are driven to Communism. Capitalism abuses the native populations of many different nations whether they are Chinese, Japanese, Indian, or African, making these native people work in the sweat shops to create cheap goods that ruin the economy of European nations but also lead to the suffering of these native workers. Capitalism and the abuse of the native population is why nations like China turned to Communism, the largest population in the world gifted to one of the worlds largest threats. Beyond that, natives of these lands are brought to Western Nations to become cheap labour with a few white supervisors that leads to many Western Civilians losing their jobs for cheaper labour.


The British Union of Fascists (BUF) sought to unify the British nation in a number of ways. The division between workers and employers, for instance, would be resolved, they argued, by the "machinery of government" (i.e., the corporate state) providing an "equitable distribution of the proceeds of industry" to those involved. British fascists claimed that its corporatist economic policy accords with England's historical medieval guild system, with its enlightened regulation of wages, prices and conditions of labour providing precedents for a British fascist corporatist economic system.

Religious Reconciliation

The BUF sought to heal relations between Protestant and Catholic Britons, and in particular it sought to appeal to Catholic Irish living in Britain. The BUF declared support for complete religious toleration. BUF Leader Sir Oswald Mosley emphasised the "Irish Connection" and the BUF held both Protestant and Catholic religious branches. Mosley condemned the Liberal government of David Lloyd George for being responsible for allowing reprisals between Catholics and Protestants in Ireland. As a result of the BUF's conciliatory approach to Catholics, it gained a substantial support amongst Catholics, and several BUF leaders in Hull, Blackburn, and Bolton, were Catholics. Support by Catholic Irish in Stepney for the BUF increased after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War that involved clerical traditionalist and fascist forces fighting against an anti-clerical government.


On racial issues, the various British fascist movements held different policies. Mosley's BUF believed that culture created national and racial differences (a policy closer to the views on race by Italian fascism rather than German Nazism). Initially the BUF was not explicitly anti-Semitic and was in fact based upon the views on race of Austrian Jewish sociologist Ludwig Gumplowicz and Scottish anthropologist Arthur Keith, who defined race formation as the result of dynamic historical and political processes established within the confines of the nation state and that the defining characteristics of a people were determined by the interaction of heredity, environment, culture, and evolution over a historical period of time. However, Mosley later prominently asserted anti-Semitism, invoking the theory of German philosopher Oswald Spengler, who described that Magian Jews and Faustian Europeans were bound to live in friction with each other. In contrast to the Nazis, however, Mosley's anti-Semitism was largely conspiratorial rather than racial, with Mosley often stating "he was against the Jews not for what they were, but for what they did".

Traditionalism and Modernism

The BUF declared support for the British monarchy, regarding the monarchy as a beneficial institution for its role in bringing Britain to preeminence in the world, and seeing it as a symbol of Britain's imperial splendour. Its support went as far as "Absolute loyalty to the Crown" with Mosley saying that British fascists aimed to "in every way maintain its dignity".

The BUF declared its support for complete religious toleration, but also declared that it sought to merge both religious and secular spheres of the nation into a "higher harmony" between church and state, by supporting political representation for leading clerics in the House of Lords and state maintenance for religious schools for those who demanded them. The BUF declared its support for Christianity and its opposition to atheism, saying "atheism will perish under British Union; Christianity will find encouragement and security, in which it may prosper to the glory of its Creator".

The BUF stressed the need for Britain to be linked to modernity, especially in economics. Mosley had declared such in 1931 in addressing the action needed in response to the onset of the Great Depression: "we have to face modern problems with modern minds, we should then be able to lift this great economic problem and national emergency far above the turmoil of party clamour and with national unity could achieve a solution adequate to the problem and worthy of the modern mind". They found "the money spent on both scientific and technical research [was] absurdly inadequate".


British Democratic Party


National Action


Patriotic Alternative

Patriotic Alternative is a far-right political movement founded in 2019 by Mark Collett.

Personality and Behaviour

British Fascism, is, well a British variant of Fascism. He likes marching through London in a paramilitary. Like other fascists, BritFash is ultranationalist, always talking about how the British Empire should be restored. And, of course, he likes gaming.

How to Draw

Flag of British Fascism
  1. Draw a ball with eyes,
  2. Fill the ball with red,
  3. Draw a white circle in the centre,
  4. Draw a smaller, blue circle in the middle of the white circle,
  5. Draw a white lightning bolt through the blue circle,
  6. Add the eyes, and you're done!
  7. (Optional) Draw a British blackshirt hat.
Color Name HEX RGB
Red #CF142B 207, 20, 43
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255
Blue #00247D 0, 36, 125



  • Fascism - My main Inspiration!
  • Monarcho-Fascism - God save the King!
  • Clerical Fascism - Britain is a Christian land for Christians!
  • Anglicanism - The religion of a lot of my adherents, including Mosley.
  • Catholicism - I am against religious sectarianism and support the total integration and acceptance of your adherents in the UK.
  • Falangism - I transliterated your anthem.
  • Nazism - Despite some antagonizing speeches against him I still love him.
  • National Syndicalism & Corporatism - My economics.
  • National Feminism - Based fascism & feminism but is killing all men really necessary? But the suffragetes were great aid to me.
  • Classical Conservatism - We often get confused with each other but I don't mind it.
  • British Imperialism - The British Empire was the greatest thing to ever happen to the w*gs people who lived under it. Without the heaven’s light of Britannia as their guide they have regressed into incompetence and poverty.
  • Ultranationalism - I said ‘Britain First’ before Britain First!


  • Right-Wing Populism - Carries on my legacy in Britain, but insists he is still democratic.
  • National Liberalism - Same as above. Powell was a great inspiration to many of my modern followers and UKIP became more based after Farage quit, but why economic liberalism?
  • Blueshirtism - "Have the Irish ever heard this old english proverb? It goes along the lines of 'All is fair in Love and War."
  • Black Nationalism - I'm not racist! I have black friends.
  • Gaddafism and Khomeinism - I have Muslim friends as well.
  • Hindutva - And Hindu friends. We both don’t want our countries to be Islamified, or have our culture destroyed. India was better off under British rule though.
  • Ingsoc - You could've been nice if you weren't cringe socialists.
  • European Federalism - Before WW2 I wanted to keep us out of entanglements on the continent, though I came to support the idea of ‘Europe a Nation’ afterwards. I actually went further than you and called for a unitary state instead of a federation. Most of my modern variants support Brexit though.
  • Isolationism - I opposed the war against Germany and other globalist endeavours, although I also loved the Empire and later the idea of Europe a Nation.


  • Anarcho-Communism - Beat me up back in the '40s and all around scum.
  • Anarcho-Capitalism - Capitalism and anarchism? How can you come up with something this bad?
  • Queer Anarchism - "Are there any queers in the theater tonight? Get 'em up against the wall!"
  • Pink Capitalism - "Now there's one in the spotlight, he don’t look right to me. Get him up against the wall!"
  • Zionism - "And that one looks Jewish..."
  • Black Lives Matter - "And that one's a coon!"
  • Multiculturalism - "Who let all this riffraff into the room?"
  • Soulism – "There's one smoking a joint!"
  • Libertarian Socialism - "And another with spots!"
  • Anti-Fascism - "If I had my way, I’d have all of you shot!"
  • Globalism - You desire to destroy the natural, the noble, and the beautiful. Turning the world into a large grey mess!
  • Capitalism - Because of scum like you Communism is on the rise and allowed to ensnare so many different nations into it.
  • PAPism - Stole my symbolics and speeches to become a part of global capitalism.
  • Insurrectionary Anarchism - It sure shows your success as an ideology when you have to make me a strawman to tear down in a visual novel and movie.
  • Islamic Democracy, Islamic Theocracy, and Jihadism - P*ki terrorist grooming gang. ignore that the NA called for a white jihad.
  • Secularism - We must reduce the barriers that divide the state from the Church and create greater harmony between the two! I also support the retention of prominent clerics in parliament and state support for religious schools when required.
  • Atheism -"Atheism will perish under British Union; Christianity will find encouragement and security, in which it may prosper to the glory of its Creator".
  • Churchillism - I don’t care how patriotic and white nationalist you are, your war against Germany cost us the empire and delivered Eastern Europe to the Bolsheviks!

Further Information






Mosley 1998

Alternative History




Alternative Designs

Comics and Artwork


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