"If you love our country you are national, and if you love our people you are a socialist."
British Fascism (shortened to BritFash) is an umbrella term used to refer to the many different Fascist movements in Britain from the early-1900s to the present day.
Primarially, the term is also used to refer specifically to the ideology of Oswald Mosley, and by extension his political party: the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Hereafter, this will be refered to as Mosleyism. Mosleyism perports to be economically third positionist, culturally far-right, authoritarian and nationalist, with anti-capitalist, anti-communist and anti-interventionist leanings.
While British fascists claim that the roots of their ideology lie deep in English/British history and traditions (often citing Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate and Thomas Hobbes' book Leviathan as examples, alongside particular reference to Tudor England), fascism in Britian primarially sprung up in response to Benito Mussolini's March on Rome in Italy and Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany.
One of the earliest Fascist parties in Britain was the British Fascists (initially called the British Fascisti), formed in May 1923 by Rotha Lintorn-Orman, inspired by the Italian fascist movement. Despite the BF being the first party in Britain to declare itself as 'fascist', there was little that united the party ideologically, which would be the party's Achilles' heel, as many (such as Arnold Leese, founder of the Imperial Fascist League) would split from the party on ideological grounds, leading to the party's eventual dissolusion in 1934.
The aformentioned Imperial Fascist League (IFL), founded in 1929, was much more focused than its predecessor party, being much more in line with Nazism (as opposed to Italian fascism), espousing anti-Semitism and Aryan superiority, with the party later recieving indirect funding from the Nazi party. The IFL, in fact, moved so far away from the initial Italian roots of fascism that they declared Benito Mussolini a 'pro-semite'.
By the 1930s, fascism had become cemented in the European (and by extension, the British) consiousness. In October 1932, Oswald Mosley, formerly an MP for the Labour Party, founded the British Union of Fascists (BUF). The BUF would, by virtue of being the most prominent fascist group in Britain at the time, codify the values associated with British fasicsm (see below).
The BUF, in order to maintain their hegemony over British Far-Right politics, attempted to reach out to the many other fascists groups, such as the aformentioned BF (prior to their collapse) and IFL (who refused). If groups refused, the BUF physically broke up their meetings, and would attempt to disrupt them at every turn.
While the BUF initially stayed neutral on the topic of anti-semitism, the party (and by extension, Mosley), eventually embraced it, resulting in many people abandoning the party. Furthermore, many also found the increasing violence of the party (a key example being the infamous 1936 Battle of Cable Street, where anti-fascists clashed with BUF 'blackshirts') distasteful, causing even more people to leave.
In the end, it was the Second World War that would bring an (albeit temporary) end to the fascist movement in Britain, as many groups were banned, with their members arrested, under Defence Regulation 18B and the Treachery Act 1940.
After the war, Oswald Mosley have created The Union Movement as a continuation of the old British Union of Fascists but more democratic aesthetic and much smaller then the BUF during its 1930’s heyday. The Union Movement eventually disbanded in 1973 when Mosley finally retired from politics. Mosley died in 1980.
Post WW2, various other British Fascist came into existence. For example, The British Movement was created by Colin Jordan in the year 1968 after the British National Socialist Movement and in 1975 Michael McLaughlin he became the leader of The British Movement until it was disbanded in 1983 after an election.
One of the most notable post-WW2 British Fascist figures was A. K. Chesterton, who created The League Of Empire Loyalists in 1954 after he had fell out with Oswald Mosley. This political group was rebranded into The National Front at 1967, and John Tyndall took over as leader after it merged with his organisation, the Greater Britain Movement, in 1972. Under Tyndall's leadership it capitalised on growing concern about South Asian migration to Britain, rapidly increasing its membership and vote share in the urban areas of east London and northern England. Its public profile was raised through street marches and rallies, which often resulted in violent clashes with anti-fascist protesters, most notably the 1974 Red Lion Square disorders and the 1977 Battle of Lewisham. In 1982, Tyndall left the National Front to form a new British National Party (BNP). Many NF members defected to Tyndall's BNP, contributing to a substantial decline in the Front's electoral support. During the 1980s, the NF split in two; the Flag NF retained the older ideology, while the Official NF adopted a Third Positionist stance before disbanding in 1990. In 1995, the Flag NF's leadership transformed the party into the National Democrats, although a small splinter group, which continues to exist to this day, retained the NF name.
The British National Party (BNP), under the leadership of John Tyndall, was originally an openly Neo-Nazi, Anti-Semitic, and White Supremacist movement. In 1999, Nick Griffin took over as the BNP’s leader. Griffin sought to broaden the BNP's electoral base by presenting a more moderate image (although he and many other party members continued to hold and express fascist views in private), targeting concerns about rising immigration rates, and emphasising localised community campaigns. This resulted in increased electoral growth throughout the 2000s, to the extent that it became the most electorally successful Fascist party in British history.
After peaking in the 2009 European Parliament elections, in which the BNP won two seats, the party subsequently went into decline, with much of its voter base being absorbed by the United Kingdom Independence Party, which was able to appeal to a more widespread number of voters than the BNP due to lacking a direct link to Fascism. Griffin resigned as BNP leader in 2014, being replaced by Adam Walker, and was expelled from the party a few months later. The BNP has declined to near irrelevance under Walker, who has been accused of treating the party more as a retirement fund than a serious force for politics.
Many political groups focused on British fascism have emerged in the 21st century, but most have either dissolved, or, particularly in the case of National Action, been proscribed by the British Government on the grounds of promoting terrorism (National Action condoned the murder of Member of Parliament Jo Cox by a far-right terrorist). Today, the most notable organisations are the British Democratic Party, Britain First, and Patriotic Alternative.
British Fascism strongly believes in Social Equality between the two sexes . Mosley believed that conflict between the two sexes only divides a people and creates a pointless competition between them. Mosley believed that morality must guide both sexes and that both have equal skills in what ever field they enter. British Fascism believes that women within Fascism should have fair conditions within industry, representation within parliament, special care for Mothers and their Children who would be given welfare support, equal pay, and proper education.
Mosley did believe though that women must understand the concept maternal needs. If their nation needs assistance then women are free to take up arms, work in factories, or assist in anyway for their nation and their people. But when there is no hard times ahead and peace is established, women must return home to preform their maternal duties and raise their children to create a new and happy generation of proud British Citizens.Sir Oswald Mosley, the leader of the British Union of Fascists, identified himself as a feminist, aligning with his progressive stance. Similar to Mussolini, Mosley held a disdain for rigid cultural conservatism. In many ways, Mosley can be considered a progressive figure. Furthermore, the British Union of Fascists counted numerous feminists among its ranks.
“Question 31. Would women be eligible as representatives (i) on all Corporations, (ii) on any Corporation?Similar to Italian Fascism, British Fascism implemented various progressive reforms for women. It was not a reactionary movement seeking to subordinate women to men or revive outdated social norms. Fascism, by its nature, always looked towards the future.
They will be eligible for all Corporations representing their industry or profession. In addition the great majority of women who are wives and mothers will for the first time be given effective representation by Fascism. A special Corporation will be created for them, which will have special standing in the State. The Corporation will deal with outstanding women's questions such as mother and child welfare. In addition, it will assist the Government in such matters as food prices, housing, education and other subjects, in which the opinion of a practical housewife is often more than that of a Socialist professor or spinster politician.
Question 32. Will the position of women be in any way inferior under Fascism?
Certainly not. Fascism in Britain will maintain the British principle of honouring and elevating the position of women. We certainly combat the decadence of the present system which treats the position of wife and mother as inferior. On the contrary, we consider this to be one of the greatest of human and racial functions to be honored and encouraged. But women will be free to pursue their own vacations. Fascism combats the false values of decadence not by force, but by persuasion and example.”— Oswald Mosley, Fascism 100 Questions Asked and Answered
Norah Elam, in her 1935 essay Fascism, Women, and Democracy published in The Fascist Quarterly, expressed her views on Fascism and found the Mosleyite Fascism to be a modern and forward-thinking movement, providing a welcoming environment. Women constituted 25% of the British Union of Fascists (BUF) membership, held positions of authority and leadership within the party, and several, including Elam, were put forward as candidates for elections in 1936. The drive and dedication of these female members were appreciated and recognized within the movement.Mosley observed in 1940:
“My movement has been largely built up by the fanaticism of women; they hold ideals with tremendous passion.” — Oswald Mosley, My LifeIn Norah Elam's essay, published in the 1935 edition of The Fascist Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 3, she passionately presents arguments in favor of Fascism as the genuine protector of women's interests and liberty. She also intriguingly suggests that Fascism is the natural progression of the original suffragette movement, drawing parallel points of interest between feminism and Mosleyite Fascism. Elam's essay highlights her fervor and dedication to promoting the compatibility of feminism with the principles of Fascism.
“In this conception of practical citizenship, the women’s struggle resembles closely the new philosophy of Fascism. Indeed, Fascism is the logical, if much grander, conception of the momentous issues raised by the militant women of a generation ago. Nor do the points of resemblance end here. The Women’s movement, like the Fascist movement, was conducted under strict discipline, and cut across all Party allegiance; its supporters were drawn from every class and Party. It appealed to women to forget self-interest; to relinquish petty personal advantages and the privilege of the sheltered few for the benefit of the many; and to stand together against the wrongs and injustices which were inherent in a system so disastrous to the well-being of the race. Like the Fascist movement, too, it chose its Leader, and once having chosen gave to that Leader absolute authority to direct its policy and destiny, displaying a loyalty and a devotion never surpassed in the history of this country. Moreover, like the Fascist movement again, it faced the brutality of the streets; the jeers of its opponents; the misapprehensions of the well-disposed; and the rancour of the politicians. It endured the hatred of the existing Government, and finally the loneliness of the prison cell and the horror of forcible feeding. Its speakers standing in the open spaces and at the street corners were denied the right of free speech; its champions selling their literature spat upon and reviled; its deputations were manhandled. Suffragettes became the sport of any rowdy who cared to take the law into his own hands. To make the analogy the more exact, no calumny was too vile and no slander too base to set about the moral character of its leaders, or the aims and objects of the women who owed them allegiance.” — Norah Elam, The Feminine Contribution to FascismAnne Brock-Griggs, an influential feminist and early member of the BUF, joined the movement partly due to her disillusionment with establishment conservatism. She gained recognition through her powerful speeches and was appointed as the Woman's Propaganda Officer within the BUF staff in 1935. Later, she was promoted to the position of Chief Woman's Officer, becoming the national leader of the Women's Division within the party. Brock-Griggs represented the views of female members through the Woman's Page of the party newspaper, Action. In 1937, she ran as a BUF candidate for Limehouse, East London, although her campaign was ultimately unsuccessful. She actively participated in the Peace Campaign, opposing the entry of the United Kingdom into World War II.
During her time with the BUF, Brock-Griggs published a pamphlet in 1936 titled Women and Fascism: Ten Points of Fascist Policy For Women. This pamphlet reflected the official stance of the BUF on women's issues, approved by Mosley himself. The writing strongly emphasized welfare and social reform, with the aim of benefiting women.
These benefits briefly summed up were:
- Women having representation in parliament
- Legalistic equality for women
- Equal pay for equal work
- The right to work and vote
- Improvement of working conditions for women
- Removal of all sexual discrimination
- Support for health and maternal infant welfare
- Affordable housing for families
- Free nursery schooling and free higher education
- An affordable food supply for families
Despite facing challenges due to ill health, Brock-Griggs continued her involvement in politics, joining Mosley's post-war Union Movement after her release from detention under Defence Regulation 18B during the war. Unfortunately, she passed away from cancer in the 1960s.
Female members of the BUF actively participated in various roles within the organization, including security positions. They also took part in self-defense courses to enhance their skills. It is worth noting that women from different organizations affiliated with the BUF were trained in jiu-jitsu, demonstrating their commitment to personal defense and preparedness.The Fascist Weekly reported:
“No male member of the BUF is permitted to use force upon any woman, and women Reds often form a highly noisy and razor-carrying section at Fascist meetings. Thus we counter women with women.” — A. K. Chesterton, The Fascist Attitude to WomenIn her book Feminine Fascism: Women in Britain's Fascist Movement, Julie V. Gottlieb delves into the fascinating lives of notable figures within the British fascist movement. One such individual is Mary Raleigh Richardson, renowned for her involvement as a suffragette and her infamous act of defacing the Rokeby Venus during a Votes for Women protest in 1914. Richardson's activism extended to more extreme measures, including acts of arson, vandalism at the Home Office, and even bombing a railway station, all in the pursuit of women's suffrage.
During the 1930s, both Richardson and her friend Mary Sophia Allen, who drew inspiration from Hitler, joined Sir Oswald Mosley's Blackshirts movement. Allen, displaying a keen interest in the inner workings of Fascist regimes, embarked on extensive travels across Europe to investigate and learn from these systems. Her enthusiasm was shared by Margaret Damer Dawson, with whom she developed a profound and multifaceted relationship. Dawson and Allen cohabitated in London between 1914 and 1920, fostering both a professional and an intimate bond.
Prior to their involvement in the fascist movement, Allen and Dawson had been active members of Emmeline Pankhurst's Women's Social and Political Union. Notably, Allen, alongside her lesbian partner Margaret, played a pivotal role in the establishment of Britain's first division of female police officers. Their dedication to women's rights and social activism demonstrated their unwavering commitment to the cause.Allen said this about the BUF:
“I was first attracted to the Blackshirts, because I saw in them the courage, the action, the loyalty, the gift of service, the ability to serve which I had known in the suffragette movement.” — Mary Allen to the Daily Mail 1934Mary Sophia Allen's extensive travels across Europe allowed her to establish connections with prominent Fascist leaders, including Eoin O'Duffy in Ireland and Benito Mussolini in Italy. Notably, in 1934, she had the opportunity to meet Adolf Hitler and engage in discussions regarding women police. Allen's encounter with Hitler left a profound impression on her, leading her to publicly express admiration for the German leader.
While her affiliation with Oswald Mosley's BUF was unofficial until 1939, Allen actively participated in various militant activities. In 1933, she played a pivotal role in establishing the Women's Reserve, a group aimed at serving the country in the event of subversive forces taking control. Once she officially joined the BUF, Allen became a prolific writer, contributing numerous articles to the party's newspapers, and openly identifying herself as a dedicated Fascist.Julie V. Gottlieb, has argued that:
“Allen was a prominent supporter of Mosley's British Union, a movement she claimed she had joined due to her sympathy for its anti-war policy." — Julie V. Gottlieb, Feminine FascismOne lesser-known female figure within the context of British Fascism is Rotha Beryl Lintorn-Orman. Lintorn-Orman had notable experience as a veteran of the Women's Emergency Corps and the Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Services during the years 1914 to 1918. In 1918, she assumed leadership of the British Red Cross Motor School, a vital institution that trained drivers to support the battlefield efforts.
Following the conclusion of World War I, Lintorn-Orman established the British Fascisti in 1923. This organization holds the distinction of being the first openly Fascist group in Britain, with a unique aspect being its female leadership. Julie V. Gottlieb suggests that the creation of the British Fascisti can be seen as a feminist response to the Primrose League.
Lintorn-Orman's political inclinations leaned more towards Tory Conservatism, but her strong anti-communist sentiments and admiration for Benito Mussolini's action-oriented style of politics propelled her towards Fascism. It is important to note, however, that her alignment with Fascism was not driven by a deep ideological commitment to the movement. Nonetheless, Lintorn-Orman's support for feminism set her apart within the context of British Fascism.Quoting from Feminine Fascism:
“Not only was Lintorn-Orman a single woman, but her preference for women in uniform and the paramilitary regimentation of the feminine provoked the pejorative description of her as a ‘mannish-woman'.” — Julie V. Gottlieb, Feminine FascismLintorn-Orman's inclination towards the presence of women in uniform can be interpreted through the lens of masculine inclinations, lesbian eroticism, and a broader enthusiasm for patriotic conformity. However, as her movement gradually disintegrated, she receded into relative obscurity. Lintorn-Orman's descent into addiction, particularly to drugs, lesbianism, and alcohol, compounded by her politics, it contributed to her marginalization to genuine Fascist organizations such as Oswald Mosley's BUF.
While his beliefs and ideology changed as he grew older, Mosley did believe that the races and nationalities of the world can work together and form friendship with one another but must remain restricted by borders to preserve the individual identities of these people and prevent Globalism. In his words: "We can live in peace and friendship side by side in separate nations and separate developments. But we cannot have the mix up of the peoples and races who are widely different divergent. It will lead to nothing but trouble!".
Mosley believed that his people should come first but once their own matters were settled they should assist the other European nations and beyond that, assist the hungry and ill of the rest of the world to prevent Communism from spreading.
The British Union of Fascists were heavily against the Second World War as they claimed peace can be formed between Britain, Germany, and all European powers. Mosley saw the war as just another pointless conflict that pitted European brothers against one another, dooming a whole generation and crippling Europe. If the European people fought one another they would of just given more power to the Communists and the Capitalists who wish to abuse and use the European people. If war must happen, Mosley believed that it must be waged against the Communists such as the Soviet Union who he knew desired to expand their borders and split Europe in half (Which they would end up doing).
British Fascism sees Capitalism as one of the roots of evil. It is a greedy belief that uses the manpower of the world for the gains of the few. Capitalism is also the reason why many Third World societies are driven to Communism. Capitalism abuses the native populations of many different nations whether they are Chinese, Japanese, Indian, or African, making these native people work in the sweat shops to create cheap goods that ruin the economy of European nations but also lead to the suffering of these native workers. Capitalism and the abuse of the native population is why nations like China turned to Communism, the largest population in the world gifted to one of the worlds largest threats. Beyond that, natives of these lands are brought to Western Nations to become cheap labour with a few white supervisors that leads to many Western Civilians losing their jobs for cheaper labour.
Griffinism is a variant of British Fascism, based on the views of Nick Griffin. It is primarily influenced by Strasserism, emphasising a strong anti-capitalist presence while still remaining opposed to Marxism. They believe in Ethnopluralism and promote unity between racial nationalists of all groups to join together to end Multiculturalism. They have supported Black Nationalists such as Markus Garvey and Louis Farrakhan, aswell as Islamists including Muammar Gaddafi and Ayatollah Khomeini.
Patriotic Alternative is a far-right political movement founded in 2019 by Mark Collett.
Personality and Behaviour
British Fascist is considered a fantastic orator but he has lost a lot of his popularity and has been in decline socially for decades. Is a gamer.
How to Draw
- Draw a ball with eyes,
- Fill the ball with red,
- Draw a white circle in the centre,
- Draw a smaller, blue circle in the middle of the white circle,
- Draw a white lightning bolt through the blue circle,
- Add the eyes, and you're done!
- (Optional) Draw a British blackshirt hat.
|Red||#CF142B||207, 20, 43|
|White||#FFFFFF||255, 255, 255|
|Blue||#00247D||0, 36, 125|
- Fascism - My main Inspiration!
- Monarcho-Fascism - God save the King!
- Nazism - Despite some antagonizing speeches against him I still love him.
- Pan-Nationalism - EUROPE LIVES AND MARCHES ON!
- National Syndicalism & Corporatism - My economics.
- National Feminism - The suffragetes were great aid to me.
- Classical Conservatism - We often get confused with each other but I don't mind it.
- Right-Wing Populism - Carries on my legacy in Britain, but insists he is still democratic.
- Blueshirtism - "Have the Irish ever heard this old english proverb? It goes along the lines of 'All is fair in Love and War."
- Falangism - I transliterated your anthem. Why are you a papist?
- Black Nationalism - I'm not racist! I have black friends.
- Ingsoc - You could've been nice if you weren't cringe socialists.
- Anarcho-Communism - Beat me up back in the 40's and all around scum.
- Anarcho-Capitalism - Capitalism and anarchism? How can you come up with something this bad?
- Queer Anarchism - "Are there any queers in the theater tonight? Get 'em up against the wall!"
- Zionism - "And that one looks Jewish..."
- Black Lives Matter - "And that one's a coon!"
- Multiculturalism - "Who let all this riffraff into the room?"
- Globalism - You desire to destroy the natural, the noble, and the beautiful. Turning the world in a large grey mess!
- Capitalism - Because of scum like you Communism is on the rise and allowed to ensnare so many different nations into it.
- People's Action Party - Stole my symbolics and speeches to become a part of global capitalism.
- Insurrectionary Anarchism - It sure shows your success as an ideology when you have to make me a strawman to tear down in a visual novel and movie.
- Churchillism - I don’t care how patriotic
and white nationalistyou are, your war against Germany cost us the empire and delivered Eastern Europe to the Bolsheviks!
- Rotha Lintorn-Orman - Founder of the BF.
- Oswald Mosley - Founder of the BUF.
- Arnold Leese - Founder of the IFL.
- A. K. Chesterton - Founder of the NF.
- Nick Griffin - Founder of the Strasser/Third Positionist faction of NF and former leader of the BNP.
- John Tyndall - Founder of the BNP.
- Gary Raikes - Founder of the NBU
- British Fascisti/British Fascists (BF) (1923-1934)
- British Union of Fascists (BUF) (1932–1940)
- Imperial League of Fascists (ILF) (1929–1939)
- Union Movement (1948-1973)
- National Party of Europe
- National Front (NF) (1967-present)
- British National Party (BNP) (1982-present)
- British People's Party (2005-2013)
- Britain First (2011-present)
- New British Union (NBU) (2012-)
- British Democratic Party (2013-)
- National Action (2013-present)
- Oswald Mosley: Hitler’s Fascist Man in Britain by Biographics
- The Battle of Cable Street: Britain's fight against fascism by BBC News
- Female Fuhrer - The British Fascisti, Britains 1st Fascist Party by The Lost Antiquarian
- The Rise of Oswald Mosley by TIKhistory
- Why Oswald Mosley turned to Fascism by TIKhistory
- Comparing the ideologies of Hitler, Mussolini and Mosley by TIKhistory
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 1 by BrAutist
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 2 by BrAutist
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 3 by BrAutist
- MOSLEY 1998 Part 4 by BrAutist
- What If Britain Became Fascist? | Alternate History by Monsieur Z
- Alternate History: Operation Sea Lion | Alternate History by Monsieur Z
- Britain's Fascist European Union | Alternate History by Monsieur Z
- Alternate History: "Fascist Britain" by Alternatehistorypt
- Fascist British Empire by Alternatehistorypt
- Different Fascism By Alternatehistorypt
- Nazi Britain By Alternatehistorypt
- What If Britain Went Fascist by The History Kid
- The Greater Britain by Oswald Mosley
- The coming corporate state by Alexander Raven Thomson