Third Way

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"Our task is not to fight old battles, but to show that there is a third way, a way of marrying together an open competitive society and successful economy with a just and decent society."

Third Way is a centrist ideology that combines stances from Neoliberalism and Social Democracy/ Social Liberalism.[37][Note 15] The policies favored by Third Way fluctuate based on political/economic circumstances and leadership attitudes. Third Way advocates mostly pursue and advocate for private-public partnerships, commercialization, a moderate welfare state, balanced budgets, free trade, closer transatlantic relations, deregulation, and (sometimes, but not always) union busting & welfare cuts while still maintaining a left-wing aesthetic.[Note 16] Advocacy for this ideology arose during the oil crisis of the 1970s & through the presidencies/premierships of various conservative neoliberal administrations of the 1980s and 1990s in which Keynesianism's popularity declined and neoliberal thinkers like Milton Friedman thoroughly challenged government meddling in the economy and the previous Keynesian economic consensus, leading to many on the left seeing a need to combine neoliberalism with progressive values to stay politically up to date with the new neoliberal economic consensus.


The modern understanding of Third Way politics was popularized in the 1990s by Anthony Giddens, who wrote a series of books detailing the qualities of the Third Way. He called for a re-evaluation of policies from both progressive and conservative parties. The ideology became popular in many western countries, including the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Mainland Europe. The most notable advocates for Third Way are former American president Bill Clinton and former UK prime minister Tony Blair, who both supported its ideas while in office during the 1990s and early 2000s

United Kingdom

In the 90s, the concept of the "Third Way" was first thought up by Anthony Gidden. Originally intended to be a rebranded version of Social Democracy, as well as an alternative to traditional forms of Socialism and Capitalism. The Labour Party, after 4 consecutive election losses to the Tory Party, decided to adopt Gidden's idea of the "Third Way" under the leadership of Tony Blair and rebranded itself as "New Labour". Blair moved the party to the right, embracing most of Margaret Thatcher's polices. Blair went on to beat the Tories in a landslide in 1997, being the first Labour leader to be PM in 18 years. After his involvement in the Iraq War in 2003, Blair's premiership became increasingly unpopular with the public. He resigned in 2007 and was replaced with Gordan Brown, who was nearly identical to Blair in policy but differed interpersonally. In the aftermath of the 2010 UK General Election, in which the Conservative Party and Liberal Democrats formed a coalition government, Brown resigned as leader of the Labour Party. His replacement, Ed Miliband was slightly to the left of him and Blair, but still compromised on issues like austerity. In 2015, Jeremy Corbyn was elected leader of the Labour Party and his victory was seen as a rejection of the Blairite establishment and the party finally moving back to the left. Corbyn rid Labour of most of its Third Way influence but after he failed to win the 2019 UK General Election, Corbyn resigned and was replaced by Keir Starmer. Although giving him initial praise for making Labour the party of Anti Austerity, Starmer would later condemn Corbyn for his perceived unelectability and anti-semitism, removing him and many of his supporters from the party. Starmer’s platform has been seen as reconciling the policies of One-Nation Labour and Blairism, with Starmer himself describing it as ‘ New Labour on steroids’.

One Nation Labour

One Nation Labour is an economically and culturally center-left ideology based on the views and policies of former Labour leader Ed Miliband. It is a rebranded form of New Labour that takes influence from the idea of One-Nation Conservatism and the policies of Blue Labour, and combines them with New Labour's centrism. It also takes a few more patriotic stances, specifically on immigration.

United States

In the mid 80s, the New Democrat Coalition faction of the Democratic Party first appeared, emerging after the landslide victories by president Ronald Reagan. Instead of continuing with the more left-leaning direction the party had taken since FDR, this new group embraced Reagan's economic reforms with more of an emphasis on progressive values, due to feeling that the party was becoming out of touch on economic issues. Bill Clinton became the first New Democrat to win the presidency in 1992, with the New Democrat Coalitioners becoming the dominant faction in the party since. Barack Obama, in a meeting with the New Democrat Coalition, said he was a New Democrat Coalitioner. Hillary Clinton ran for president in 2016 as a New Democrat Coalitioner, but lost. During the presidency of Donald Trump, many Moderates in the Republican Party swapped to the New Democrat Coalition. Joe Biden, one of the first New Democrat Coalitioner, won the American presidency in 2020.


Seeheimer Kreis

The Seeheimer Kreis (Seeheim Circle) is a major, economically somewhat more right-leaning faction within the SPD. Its origins can be traced back to the "canal workers", a relatively loose, informal, yet also influential group of SPD delegates that came into existence during the early 50s. Starting in the 60s, the group would start to hold its first annual formal meetings, a tradition that still lasts to this day. In the meantime, the group would become known as the "Seeheimer Kreis" for the first time in its history, and also grow more cohesive. Its namesake lies in a town in southwestern Germany, which was where the canal workers held most of their aforementioned meetings.

Members of the Seeheimer Kreis are known to pride themselves on their pragmatism and "anti-dogmatism". Some observers also refer to the party as the SPD's right-wing While they supported raising the minimum wage to 12 euros per hour, they also hold some economically right-leaning stances, such as aiming to reduce national debt before fleshing out the social security system.


  • Emmanuel Macron is a French politician who is the current president of France since 2017. His party "Renaissance", formerly known as "La République En Marche!", was founded with a goal to "modernise and moralise" French politics, and would go on to win in a landslide against Right-Wing candidate Marine Le Pen in the 2017 presidential election. He would go on to win the 2022 election against Marine Le Pen once again, this time by a smaller margin. He's well-known for his secularism. In 2020, He faced boycotts of French products by Muslims in Muslim-majority countries and accusations of Islamophobia, due to the fact that He called Muhammad cartoons "Freedom of Speech" during his speech about the Murder of Samuel Paty. Politicians also associated with Third Way politics include former president François Hollande and former prime minister Manuel Valls.


Democratic Coalition (DK) is a progressive, social liberal, social democratic, pro-European party in Hungary in founded October 22, 2011. It was formed by politicians leaving the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) under the leadership of former Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány and the intellectual milieu surrounding them. It defines itself as a westernised, bourgeois center-left party. His political goals are summarised in the Manifesto of the Republic and in the political analysis entitled "Let us dare to be patriots".

Party leader and former Prime Minister of Hungary Ferenc Gyurcsány is a supporter of Third Way politics. The party platform has adopted elements of social liberalism and strongly pro-European themes. During the 2019 European Parliament election campaign, the EP list leader of the Democratic Coalition, Klára Dobrev, announced to the press that her party would seek to build a United States of Europe during her mandate, thus becoming a European federalist. During the campaign, DK included a number of center-left proposals in its more social democratic platform, including tackling child poverty, an EU-wide minimum pension, an EU minimum wage, a new EU tax on multinational corporations and EU funds for affordable housing.

In the 2014 European election, DK received 9.75% of the vote, and had two MEPs returned. On 26 May 2014, Csaba Molnar announced that DK had applied to join the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats. In October 2022, the party became an associate member of the Party of European Socialists.



  • Ion Iliescu is a Romanian politician and engineer, the founder of the Social Democratic Party, who served as President of Romania from 1989 to 1996 and from 2000 to 2004. Iliescu rose to prominence during the communist era when he joined the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) in 1953 and became a member of its Central Committee in 1965. He was eventually marginalized by dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and eventually came to play a leading role in the Romanian Revolution during the fall of communism.

After the overthrow of Ceaușescu in December 1989, Ion Iliescu was recognized as the co-leader leader of the National Salvation Front (FSN) an organization formed by second-rank Communist party members opposed to the policies of Ceaușescu to fill in the power vacuum caused by the fall of the dictator and lead the transition to parliamentary democracy. In recent times Iliescu has been accused of committing crimes against humanity by approving deadly militaristic measures against civilians during the aftermath of the Romanian Revolution.

In 2004, during Iliescu's second presidency, Romania joined NATO and has taken part in the War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War with boots-on-the-ground troops in both wars.


Third Way in Australia largely takes the form of Economic Rationalism, which was a movement with in the Labor Party lead by Bob Hawke. It shifted the formally social democratic ALP to more market based solutions. WIP


Trudeau Liberalism

  • Trudeau Liberalism is the ideology representing the current prime minister of Canada Justin Trudeau. He has been the leader of the Liberal Party since 2013 and was elected to his position in 2015. In many ways he could be seen as the spiritual successor to his father Pierre Trudeau, who famously legalized homosexuality.

Under his watch, Justin Trudeau has aggressively pushed for public-private partnerships; he established the Canada Infrastructure Bank to generate revenue through P3 projects. Trudeau has been a strong advocate for federal state-owned enterprises (Crowned corporations). He has tried to balance the budget by raising taxes, signed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, boosted funds for scientific research, bailed out businesses of perceived strategic importance (e.g., dairy manufacturing companies), and imposed a carbon tax which funds a dividend for each Canadian. He has also appointed business leaders to positions of political power.

He has attracted controversy and praise for his record on civil liberties. He has banned assault weapons and restricted handgun ownership; criminalized conversion therapy; legalized marijuana and euthanasia; fought to keep abortion legal; appointed a gender-balanced cabinet; and he cracked down on the trucker's convoy (a wildcat strike in response to COVID-19 lockdown measures) using the Canadian military.

While he often portrays himself as an advocate for indigenous rights and representation, the First Nations community dislikes him for his policies. For instance: He is largely regarded as being responsible for the "illegal" occupying of "unceded" territories of the Wetʼsuwetʼen indigenous nation, leading to the 2020 Canadian pipeline and railway protests between indigenous activists and the Royal Mounted Police. An act many advocates consider to be by its very nature "imperialistic".

Because of his reputation as a pink/green washing virtue signaller , he self-identifies with progressive causes or movements while supporting policies which allegedly harm minorities—along with his reputed authoritarian tendencies, he is often stereotyped on Polcompball as an unironic state liberal, alongside the Liberal Party more generally.


As the political situation is different, there is a difference in the interpretation of the third way by each country. Although each country does not explicitly advocate a “third way,” one commonality can be found:

This Third way (left-wing regimes) have largely embraced neoliberalism since the 1980s, denying the existing excessive welfare policies, breaking away from socialist ideology.

The left, which has represented the working class, sets the new middle class as a political base and attempts to change as the living standards of the working class improve and the scope expands.


Third Way interpreter Anthony Giddens in his books Beyond the Left and Right and Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy talks about Neoliberalism, and how its key tenants—such as welfare cuts, global trade, balanced budgets—were not only popular but valid aspirations. But still seeing merit in social justice and noticing the nasty side-effects of Thatcher and Reagan's economic policies (e.g., lower social trust and excessive inequality), Giddens proposes making neoliberalism more humane through:

  1. A "social investment state" which helps people climb the social ladder through workforce development and education, rather than handouts.
  2. Preserving progressive taxation so the general population feels the gains of free market while reducing inequality.
  3. Making economic and political institutions more inclusive (and therefore egalitarian).[Note 17]


Third Way economics can be best characterized as a combination of Neoliberalism and Social Capitalism. Advocates embrace some key tenants of neoliberalism: lax tax polices and regulation, free trade, budget balancing, public-private partnerships, and market-based solutions to societal problems; but it also calls for a moderate welfare state, with programs they favor ranging from workfare (where one must perform labor to keep their benefits) to a universal basic income/ negative income tax. As such, Third Way agrees with the center-right on free markets, but also agrees with the center-left on reducing inequality and poverty through redistributive means. This ideology can be seen as the spiritual successor to Ordo-Liberalism.

Trade Policy

An area of disagreement among Third Way advocates is on free trade. While most proponents see globalization as both inevitable and desirable, Anthony Giddens noted that it has many horrible consequences which could seriously backfire in Third Way: A Renewal of Social Democracy, citing how free trade negatively impacts the working poor who find themselves entering a low-wage service sector after losing out to foreign competition. In response to political realities—like national security concerns over China, pandering to blue-collar workers, and satisfying corporate interests—Third Way leaders like Barack Obama and Gerhard Schröder have implemented protectionist policies. Hillary Clinton, still praising the economic achievements of her husband, also embraced many protectionist policies as a nod to her corporate backers and to win over Trump supporters.

It should be noted that most Third Way advocates are strong supporters of free trade. Usually their solution to the inhumane consequences is to push for job training or improved safety nets. Protectionism, however, has proven to be an effective political strategy in countries like the United States and Germany. The former has a centuries-long history of favoring protectionist measures while the latter is an export-oriented economy, meaning a trade deficit could spell serious losses for the general population.


Third Way supports workfare instead of welfare, work training programs, educational opportunities and other government programs that give citizens a 'hand-up' instead of a 'hand-out'. The Third Way seeks a compromise between a less interventionist economic system as supported by neoliberals and Keynesian Social democratic spending policy supported by social democrats and progressives.

Foreign Policy

Proponents of the Third Way have been known to take a generally interventionist foreign policy and have made several alliances with Neoconservatism. Most infamous example being when Tony Blair allied with George W. Bush to invade Iraq in 2003.

Another example is the German Green Party, which holds broadly transatlanticist and pro-NATO stances on diplomacy. It follows what it dubs a "foreign policy to protect human rights", manifested in their hawkish stance on autocratic regimes such as Russia and China. Current German foreign minister Annalena Baerbock has stated in the past that military intervention is sometimes necessary in order to save human lives.
The most infamous example of military intervention by the Greens is that of 1999, when the foreign minister Joschka Fischer decided to deploy German troops in Kosovo, thus marking the first time since WW2 that German troops have been involved in a foreign war. This action made Fischer receive high amounts of criticism, particularly from the contemporary red-green coalition as well as the opposition, the former of which having felt left behind in the decision making process.


Some leftists still argue that even if the equality of labor and educational opportunities (which is proposed as a welfare policy) provides opportunities for everyone, it is difficult to guarantee "actual equality" because the situation after that (employment, startup etc..) is left to one's ability.[38] Although one could argue that's the point.


Third Way Social Democracy

Third Way Social Democracy is a centrist to center-left ideology that stems from Social Democracy however accepts a neoliberal consensus with opponents. Such as support for the European Union, less restrictions on trade, cutting regulations and tax cuts, however they still come from a working class base and are often propped up by trade unions and have socialist traditions which sometimes they shine through all the compromise.

Third Way Liberalism

Third Way Liberalism is an economically center-left to center-right ideology that combines stances from Social Liberalism and Neoliberalism. Historically they favored introduction of workfare, cutting regulations, free trade, and a general disdain for socialism. Their support, like most liberal ideologies, comes from the middle class which makes the ideology popular with a majority of citizens in the western world.


Third Way likes regulated capitalism, military interventions (sometimes), and liberalism. He is a liberal military interventionist and likes to call himself a centrist. Third Way was the ideology of former U.S. Presidents, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama. He largely acts like a "pink" version of Neoconservatism.

He was also the ideology of former British Prime Minister, Tony Blair and of Canadian Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau.

How to Draw

Pink Rose Design

Flag of Third Way (Pink rose design)
  1. Draw a ball
  2. Draw a rose in pink
  3. Add the eyes and you're done!
Color Name HEX RGB
Pink #FF00AF 255, 0, 175
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255

Official Logo Design

Flag of Third Way (Official Logo)
  1. Draw a ball
  2. In the middle, draw a dark grey compass with a ring surrounding it
  3. Add the eyes and you're done!
Color Name HEX RGB
Dark Grey #2C2C2C 44, 44, 44
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255



  • Pragmatism - I'm basically him codified into an ideolgy.
  • Neoliberalism - I owe it all to you dad! Just please try to compromise with Soclib more.
  • Moderatism - One of my biggest fans.
  • Globalism - Globe Gang!
  • Liberal Internationalism - Global Liberalism Gang!
  • Social Liberalism - My other dad, who will begrudgingly admit that my policies are a good compromise. Usually forms coalitions with me.
  • US Democrats - Fellow member of Bill Clinton and Obama fan club.
  • Neoconservatism - My best friend! From Yugoslavia and Iraq to Libya and Syria, our teamwork makes the dream work. Still, calm down a bit.
  • Social Capitalism - Literally me.
  • Ordo-Liberalism - My German predecessor.
  • Fiscal Conservatism - Austerity time!
  • Rockefeller Republicanism - My more old fashioned friend. We must stay moderate!
  • Liberalism - Grandpa who is too anti-war sometimes, but good direction.
  • Zionism - I have my disputes with Bibi and the Israeli far-right but Obama gave you the Iron Dome and signed historic military aid deals for you.
  • Liberaltarianism - The best type of libertarian and most certainly not a lolbert. Doesn't like my foreign policy though.
  • Welfarism - Ok, just needs some reform to get people working again.
  • Nordic Model - Scandinavian pal. The fact that all of you are in NATO (except for Norway) f̶i̶n̶a̶l̶l̶y̶ ̶m̶y̶ ̶g̶o̶d̶ ̶T̶u̶r̶k̶e̶y̶ makes it all better.
  • Police Statism - Hey buddy, want some more military gear?
  • Bull Moose Progressivism - Economically a bit too far, but we are both progressive welfarist hawks.
  • Social Democracy - Hates my deregulation and fiscal responsibility. But also a fellow economic centrist and a triggerer of lolberts and contards.
  • Social Authoritarianism - I back the blue but justice too!
  • Pink Capitalism - More libertarian counterpart of mine, still calm down a bit, m'kay?
  • Girondism and La Plaineism - You both should've been the direction of the french revolution!

Temporary Allies

  • Social Libertarianism - We are both economic centrists and UBI is ok, but most of you complain about me being a ”Woke Imperialist” and an ”Establishment Shill” as if that is a bad thing.
  • Classical Liberalism - My great-grandpa! Shame that he's another one of those anti-regulation types...
  • Tridemism - Ok economics, but I prefer DPP to rule Taiwan . Sad to see you turning into a CCP shill.
  • State Capitalism - I generally prefer privatization, but Trudeau likes you a lot. Roger Douglas implemented you to a degree. Scandinavian countries combine you with me all the time.
  • Liberal Conservatism - Never Trumpers, Merkel and Gowin are cool but you are my rival in most of Europe and Canada!
  • Chicago School - Your economics are good, but can you focus on equality a little bit more?
  • Keynesian School - I support regulatory capitalism and welfare, but can you please be more fiscally responsible and more privatized?
  • Gaddafism - While he may be a totalitarian dictator, I like his idea of the "Third International Theory" and we had a brief alliance in the 2000s. But I still had to take him out when the time came.
  • Progressivism - Feminism and gay rights sound pretty cool! Just please don't bring up Iraq or Clinton banning gay marriage
  • Yeltsinism - Some say I helped you rig the 1996 Russian Election. Either way, we clashed over Chechnya. Still better than Putin.
  • Dengism - Sorry for bombing your embassy in Belgrade in 1999. But I let you join WTO and helped you integrate into the world economy. Unfortunately, Xi taking you back to the days of Mao so our alliance has come to an end.
  • PiS - Too conservative, but at least you're also a pro-NATO welfarist. And you're a Huge fan of Zelensky, too! But please leave Tusk and Trzaskowski alone.
  • Shia Theocracy - What I replaced Saddam in Iraq. In retrospect, after the rise of ISIS and Al-Qaeda, maybe I should’ve thought things through beforehand.
  • Neo-Libertarianism - Right-wing version of me that is a bit too deregulated, but is still pro-NATO and pro-interventionist.
  • Khomeinism - Contrary to what Republicans may say, the JCPOA (Iran Nuclear Deal) isn’t meant to appease you but rather to contain your influence in the Middle East. Also, I helped the Saudis bomb your proxy in Yemen.
  • National Liberalism - What's keeping you off the enemies list is the DPP and Ciudadanos being some of the most amazing friends I could ever ask for and to certain extent Sternenko too. The rest of you are a bunch of xenophobic Brexit-loving trash.
  • Satirism - I'm not sure if I will enjoy your jokes and Your Obama Prism memes are the reasons some people don't take Obama seriously, but Stephen Colbert is super based.
  • Medvedevism - Preferable to Putin as we had a good partnership during the Russian Reset. But now you're just as insane as your boss.
  • Civic Nationalism - Most tolerable member of his family.
  • Patriotism - Sorry but you have the bronze medal.
  • Liberal Socialism - One of the better Socialists, at least you try to implement a bit of the market in order to achieve your goals. Kwaśniewski is great! But we needed to "borrow" ANC, Mandela still has profitable quotes.
  • Kemalism - Unsure about some of your economic and foreign policies. Still better than Erd*ğan by a long shot.
  • State Liberalism - You are too extreme and too dogmatic, and I think you're kinda like a strawman. But Trudeau and Thaksin are close to you.
  • Christian Democracy - Not a fan of Theocracies but you seem to be nothing like your past self, decades ago. Merkel is great. Guildism is bearable for conservative populism.
  • Progressive Conservatism - Most of my followers are cultural moderates and anti-extremists. I said, MOST.


  • Conservatism - Of course "Better dead than red". Your moderate factions are ok tho.
  • Socialism - No, not "Socialism", Social-ism!
  • Miloševićism - I bombed you for a reason.
  • Jihadism - Drone strike go brrr… Seriously tho, increasing drone strikes was a great idea. Excellent precision, spares American lives, and keeps down the anti-war sentiment at home.
  • Marxism–Leninism - Bloody tankies!
  • Left-Wing Populism and Democratic Socialism - Bloody Corbynites!
  • Putinism - Any hope I may have had for you in the past is gone now. NATO and EU shall bring your downfall. I will never forgive Schroder for betraying me.
  • Nazism - You're third position, not third way!
  • Fascism - Same with you!
  • Reactionary Liberalism - We may both be capitalist, but you're just an edgelord and you have nothing to do with liberalism. But Gilley, Bolsonaro and Japanese LDP like my foreign policy.
  • Democratic Confederalism - Yes, I helped Turkey capture Öcalan and yes, you are terrorists. Cope.
  • Ba'athism - bUt WhAtAbOoT eErAcK. I will never apologise for Iraq! And yes, I intervened in the Syrian civil war and bombed the f*ck out of you. Cry about it.
    • - Who must go?
  • Welfare Chauvinism - Hawley and Le Pen are annoying people. How's The Election going for you, anyways?
  • Right-Wing Populism - Utterly deplorable!
  • Paleoconservatism - I AM a Protestant! And I did not legalize Satanism, you isolationist codger!
  • Libertarianism - Naive non-interventionist coward and the economy is too deregulated! And stop obsessing over guns!
  • Libertarian Conservatism - You basically combine the worst of both Libertarianism and Conservatism. Sure, Biden may be senile, but so is your overlord. I am not a Communist!
  • Paleolibertarianism - Like the one above, but worse and more insufferable. You're too long-nosed, Ronnie!
  • Conservative Socialism - I am not a Fascist!
  • National Bolshevism - Wow, a literal commie Fascist and extreme version of the above. You also take the worst of two worlds.
  • National Conservatism - Damn Trump-like reactionaries!
  • Korwinism - If Trump was a Pole.
  • Braunism - You're like the guy above but even more old-fashioned, outdated and conspiracist.
  • National Democracy - 4th place in the elections.
  • Alt-Lite - Can you stop comparing Libya and Iraq to Ukraine, Watson?!
  • Classical Conservatism - Bloody Enoch!
  • Neo-Ottomanism - I won't be as loose as Trump, one more outburst and I will sanction you!
  • Monarcho-Fascism - Salims that supported the overthrow of Thaksin and Yingluck. This is something akin to Valorum from Star Wars.
  • Fourth Theory - Damn Putinists...
  • Noam Chomsky - Defending Milošević? What the hell is wrong with you?
  • Barracks Communism - Not that Barack!
  • Alt-Right - Some moron who thinks I'm some sort of Jewish lizard controlling the world and releasing vaccines with microchips that turn frogs gay or something. That sounds pretty awesome, ngl.
  • Illegalism - Average anarchist.
  • Clerical Fascism - Literally Matt Walsh!
  • Hindutva - Why the damn aren't you impressed with modern technology and urban infastructure? Curse you for supporting BRICS.

Further Information

{{Hatnote|For overlapping political theory, see

Neoliberalism, Progressivism, Social Democracy, [[Social Liberalism][ and State Liberalism.




Parties and Organizations

YT Channels


Online Communities


And Justice for all by Michael D’Antuono


  1. Due to how universal center-left parties and organizations embraced elements of the Third Way, including greater economic freedom like in Nordic countries, social democracy has become synonymous with it.
  2. Although originally envisioned as a compromise between conservatism and socialism, the Third Way has since embraced social progressivism, leading to accusations of "woke capitalism."
  3. Carl Bildt generally sided with the Democrats such as Clinton, Obama, and Biden in US elections, despise populism and traditionalism. He also reformed and privatized the Swedish welfare state without abolishing it.
  4. Refers to conservatives, typically members of center-left parties (though exceptions exist like David Cameron), who embrace elements of the Third Way. Anthony Giddens, the founder of the Third Way himself, referred to his ideology as "Philosophic conservatism."
  5. Đukanović took part in the siege of Dubrovnik.
  6. Since the 1990s, Hillary has identified as a progressive, in reference to the original movements of the late 19th and early 20th century. It is likely she is referring to a form of social liberalism without the alleged negative connotations.
  7. Hillary Clinton embraced protectionist policies and railed against "failed trade deals" (Even ones her husband supported), possibly to win the support of blue-collar Trump supporters and because of her ties to big businesses who lobby for a decreasing in foreign competition.
  8. Komorowski was cozzy with Russia and refused to interfere in Syria, while also giving support to Ukraine in 2014.
  9. Lee Jae-myung was once a member of the site. Lee has also expressed some admiration for South Korea’s past military dictators, especially Park Chung-hee and Choo Doo-hwqn.
  10. Obama has attempted to minimize the perceivably inhumane effects of free trade (e.g., deindustrialization) by creating tax incentives to "keep American jobs at home" and writing enviornmental and labor protections into free trade agreements; meanwhile slapping tariffs to counter "unfair Chinese foreign competition". Despite this, Obama has denied being a protectionist.
  11. Milliband believed that immigrants should integrate into British culture and society, going against the mainstream pro-immigration stance of the Labour party.
  12. Edi Rama speaks highly of British culture, values, and leaders, including Tony Blair (whom he claims inspired his ideological beliefs)Margaret Thatcher. This is in spite of his current feud with the British government over Albanian immigration and crime.
  13. Justin Trudeau is rhetorically comparable to Bernie Sanders, but his actual policies are closer to Third Way advocates like Tony Blair.
  14. Trudeau's persecution of critics, further centralization of political power, use of military might to crack down on protests, sympathy for the Chinese government, and censorship of freedom of expression (i.e. laws against hate speech and misgendering) reveal authoritarian tendencies. Contrastingly, Trudeau argues that he and the Liberal Party are embodying the people's will.
  15. For this reason, authoritarian regimes like Eduard Shevardnadze, Thaksin Shinawatra, and Milo Đukanović are considered Third Way, as they blended neoliberal reforms with Keynesian policies and a center-left aesthetic (Đukanović being a member of a self-proclaimed democratic-socialist party).
  16. See the Labour Party in New Zealand in the 1980s under financial minister Roger Douglas and various Third Way PMs after him, for example; while they pursued aggressive deregulation and tax breaks, which made New Zealand one of the most economically free countries in the world, they still nevertheless maintained the social democratic aesthetic of yesteryear.
  17. Anthony Giddens believes the terms "equality" and "inclusion" are synonymous, since people being able to participate in a collaborative community makes everyone better off. This relates to the concept of distributive justice.


  1. Third Way Economics: Theory and Evaluation by Phillip Whyman
  2. "Tony Blair's New Labour vision 1994", 4 October 1994.
  3. The ‘Indigenous voice for Parliament’ was accused of being this.
  4. "Tony Blair tells Keir Starmer to drop «woke politics» and focus on the economy. - Labour Party", TheGuardian. 13 May 2022.
  6. "Montenegro Party System",
  7. "Hillary Clinton: More Progressive than Thou", NYTimes. 17 January 2016.
  8. [1]
  9. [2]
  10. [3]
  11. [4]
  12. [5]
  13. [6]
  14. [7]
  15. [8] by Emmanuel Macron, Twitter.
  16. Macron Flexes Protectionist Muscle to Shield Vulnerable Firms
  17. Protectionism makes a comeback in French political conversation
  19. w:Thabo Mbeki#HIV/AIDS
  22. [9]
  23. [10]
  24. [11]
  25. [12]
  26. [13]
  27. [14]
  28. "Barack Obama takes on 'woke' call-out culture: 'That's not activism'",
  29. Why Palestinians Welcomed Fayyad’s Resignation
  31. "Kosovo is NOT a Feminist government", Kosovo 2.0.
  32. [15], Vox News English.
  33. "Links to the Sinaloa cartel? Rama is «irritated»: I have left God to you! I have no affiliation with such groups",
  34. Germany pledges to make its military 'the backbone of defence in Europe', November 10, 2023.
  35. Starmer: I’m a socialist and progressive who will always put country first
  36. Justin Trudeau's China dictatorship gaffe
  37. "What is the Third Way?"', BBC News. Archive.
  38. [16],



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