Anti-Authoritarianism

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"Yesterday we obeyed kings and bent our necks before emperors. But today we kneel only to truth..."

Anti-Authoritarianism, sometimes known as Anti-Auth for short, is a civically liberal to libertarian ideology whose sole defining characteristic is fervent, uncompromising opposition to Authoritarianism and strong state power.

Anti-Auth's passion for policies and direct action against authoritarian ideologies, as well as their ability to work with anyone on the economic and cultural spectrum if they share his libertarian values, makes him an ideology that unites both libertarian quadrants, "the epitome of LibUnity", as one might say.

In the Polcompball canon, Anti-Auth is represented by the "three arrows", a symbol used by the Iron Front and the German Social Democratic Party in the 1930s as a symbol of resistance to Nazism, Monarchism, and Marxism–Leninism and used in present-day contexts as a symbol of anti-fascism[12].

History

Opposition to authoritarianism does not have a specific date or era, but some signs of rebellion against authorities can be seen in ancient empires and against some chiefs. An ancient example would be in Greek mythology, in which the titan Prometheus, rebelled against Zeus, stealing fire and giving it to mortals, also taking knowledge, making Zeus chain him and torture him for eternity. Another example in Greece could be the philosopher Diogenes, who was against slavery and even mocked Alexander the Great in front of himself. The Sophists (original concept) were philosophers who charged to teach philosophy and contradicted Plato and Aristotle, their elitisms and the aristocracy. In Egypt, an act of rebellion could be the escape of Israeli slaves led by Moses, even though it was somewhat selective and theocratic. In the Roman empire, several persecuted and opposing Christians were killed and tortured, as in the Brazen bull tortures, in addition to several internal riots.

Jumping back in time, there was a lot of resistance against the Mongol Empire, which after several revolts and the death of the emperors, ended up causing the Mongol empire to fall and being divided into several kingdoms, so much so that in 1335 Persia fell into anarchy. In the Middle Ages, many people who disobeyed or opposed the Catholic Church were tortured and killed, as in the Inquisition, many being called "witches". It is worth mentioning that Cospaia, (IRL Ancapitan) was also an opposition to the church, which had a tobacco trade and a refuge for Jews. A notable case of opposition was against the physicist Galileo Galilei. During the great navigations, there was slavery of natives and the slave trade, with slave revolts throughout the colonies, both British, Spanish, Dutch, French and Portuguese, some being encouraged by some Jesuits. Initially, the Protestant Reformation, led by Martin Luther, went against the authority of the Pope and the church by translating the Bible from Latin into German, but Luther took a more authoritarian and anti-Semitic stance, inspiring future authoritarian movements and governments. There was also resistance from the Irish against the British imperialists, being suppressed by Oliver Cromwell. As for the Renaissance artists, there were also rejections and criticisms from the church against, but not as much as the other examples mentioned.

Both in the American War of Independence and in the French Revolution, several people wanted to overthrow the oligarchic and authoritarian system, but unintentionally brought to power either a slave-holding government (American case) or more brutal than its predecessor (France). There was also an increase in Enlightenment ideals around the world, such as "Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité", being an affront to absolutist monarchies. With the arrival of the industrial revolution and the transition to modern capitalism, there was an increase in both anarchist and Marxist writing, as well as an explosion of trade unions and the media (thanks to the rise of technology). After the First World War, there was an increase in rebellions against governments, as in the case of the Irish and the Weimar Republic (especially the Iron Front), in addition to the American government having reduced authoritarianism and having adopted a more isolationist policy in the Harding and Coolidge. After the crisis of 29, there was an increase in the appreciation of authoritarianism and aversion to liberal ideals, visible in the increase in the popularity of the Nazi Party, with little resistance.

During World War II and the rise of global fascism, there were rebellions and sabotages in Nazi Germany's concentration camps or rebellions by governments in exile, as in the case of the Czechoslovak government that killed Reinhard Heydrich. There was also sabotage on the part of some German officers and businessmen to prevent genocide, as in the case of John Rabe who avoided a genocide in Nanking and Oskar Schindler who saved Jews from the camps and put them in his factories, in addition to the German economy minister Hjalmar Schacht having unsuccessfully trying to kill Hitler. In Showa Japan, several who rebelled against Japan in its colonies were persecuted, killed and tortured, leaving masques in the countries until today, some were avoided, as already said in the case of Rabe, having several anti-Japanese rebellions. In Mussolini's Italy, there was also resistance from anarchists, liberals and anti-fascists, in which after the second invasion, along with Brazil (Smoking Cobras), UK and anti-fascists, Mussolini was executed in public. After the horrors caused by Nazism were exposed to the public, anti-authoritarianism gained significant strength, which would sometimes be reflected in the Cold War.

After the Second World War and the beginning of the Cold War, the movement in opposition to authoritarianism had a considerable growth, possibly due to numerous factors such as knowledge of the horrors committed by the Nazis, numerous wars that were going on at the time (both civilians and interventions), use of the term freedom as propaganda by both communist and pro-US regimes, influences of rebellions around the world and many other factors.
Opposition to pro-US countries: During the cold war, there were several opposition movements to pro-US regimes, initially it had strength in third world countries that had interventions, such as African countries (post-imperialism) and Latin Americans (Operation Condor), who went through separatist (Africa) or opposition movements, usually of socialist communist ideologies, carrying out protests, guerrillas, unions, rebellions and other forms of revolts, which in most cases were violently repressed or generated left-wing authoritarians. Later, with the rise of the hippie movement, opposition to the Vietnam War, internal crises (especially in the Nixon administration), civil rights movement and other actions ended up influencing certain measures of the Jimmy Carter administration (its appreciation for human rights) that reduced the American imperialism and the rise of anti-Americanism and anti-imperialism within the US, with both left and right (right-libertarian) movements.
Opposition to communists:Even before the Second World War, there were already strong oppositions to communism and the Soviet Union, such as red fear and some writers accusing it of being "red fascism". During the cold war, as propaganda, anti-communists and neocons claimed that communists were against freedom, that even though they had non-authoritarian variants, pro-USSR communist countries still persecuted and excuted many of their opponents, establishing autocracies and totalitarian regimes. Some of the most notable oppositions were various political prisoners in the gulags, Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia, 8888 Uprising and later, the fall of the Soviet Union (especially in the Baltic countries).

After the fall of the USSR, the rise of neoliberalism and the advance of the internet, opposition to authoritarianism grew, especially due to the increase in information available about dictatorships and so-called authoritarian actions, such as the American espionage revealed by Edward Snowden, generating protests such as "Stop Watching Us". It also has opposition to the authoritarian governments of China (so much so that it banned Google), Russia (especially in the invasions), Syria (civil war) and countless others.

A 1932 Social Democratic Party of Germany poster with Three Arrows representing the resistance against Monarchism, Fascism, and Bolshevism, with the slogan "Against Papen, Hitler, Thälmann"

Iron Front

The Iron Front (German: Eiserne Front) was a German paramilitary group affiliated with the SPD formed in 1931 in the Weimar Republic against the rise of authoritarianism and totalitarianism, in which it opposed the main authoritarian ideologies of the time, such as Monarchism (Franz von Papen), Nazism (Adolf Hitler) and Bolshevism (Ernst Thälmann), in which Thälmann accused them of being "terrorists" and "social fascists". The group was opposed to the NSDAP and the KPD (the latter whose last was seen as the main enemy) and intended to bring together trade unionists, liberals, democratic socialists, and social democrats as a form of defense against the "anti-republics". They used the " three arrows" logo, a symbol against the aforementioned enemies of liberal democracy. The group was dissolved in 1933, with the crushing of trade unions, currently the symbols are used as a symbol of the "fight against illiberalism, authoritarianism, and totalitarianism".

Warsaw Pact Countries

Soviet Union

WIP

East Germany

WIP

Poland

WIP

Hungary

WIP

Czechoslovakia

WIP

Romania

WIP

ROC/Taiwan

WIP

China

Since the reforms made by Deng Xiaoping that introduced State Capitalism, there have been several oppositions to later governments, that, even if authoritarianism did not get as big as that of Mao Zedong, China remained authoritarian and with freedom of expression heavily repressed. , especially in the governments of Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Xi Jinping. Much of the crackdown was publicized by the Western media, generating opposition outside and inside China.

1989 Tiananmen Square Protests and Massacre

As stated before, Deng Xiaoping's government reforms diminished authoritarianism compared to Mao Zedong, yet China remained a dictatorship, taking some authoritarian measures, such as the one-child law and repression of opponents, in which many of the opponents gathered in demonstrations in 1989, being repressed with an iron fist, this event known as the Tiananmen Square massacre.

This protest and later massacre, was a series of protests organized by opponents of the Chinese government in 1989, beginning after the death of Hu Yaobang, in which students paid tribute and discussed social problems in Tiananmen Square and demanded the Seven Demands, namely:

  1. Affirm Hu Yaobang's views on democracy and freedom as correct.
  2. Admit that campaigns against spiritual pollution and bourgeois liberalization were wrong.
  3. Publish information on the income of state leaders and their families.
  4. Allow private newspapers and end press censorship.
  5. Increase funding for education and increase the remuneration of intellectuals.
  6. End restrictions on demonstrations in Beijing.
  7. Provide objective coverage of students in official media.

The Chinese police tried to persuade the protesters to withdraw, but they ended up staying, making the police use brutality, in which the images circulated. Later the protesters began to go on hunger strike to gain government attention and that it would respond after plans to welcome Mikhail Gorbachev. The strike sparked sympathy and increased protests, reaching up to 1 million Beijing residents to demonstrate. Many of the protesters were students, workers, etc., even though there were some Maoists, the majority were motivated by freedom of expression, anti-corruption, democratic reforms, economic changes (varying according to the protesters) and opposition to nepotism. In the same year, Zhao Ziyang was removed from power due to disagreements with Deng and sympathy with the protesters. Later, Li Peng hastily passed the martial law, which mobilized military personnel, which, on the 1-3, Li Peng gave permission to "use any means", being understood by some military as a justification for lethality. Then there was repression, shooting and execution of several protesters, so much so that one of the most emblematic photos was the "Tank Man", in which it was a row of tanks being stopped with a man holding a bag. There were also protests outside Beijing, which were also violently repressed. After the violence, it ended up having an influence on politics in China, so much so that it is one of the most censored topics in China, in addition to being extremely cited by many opponents outside China.

Liu Xiaobo

Liu Xiaobo was a Chinese writer, literary critic, human rights activist, philosopher and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who called for political reforms and was involved in campaigns to end communist one-party rule in China. He was arrested numerous times, and was described as China's most prominent dissident and the country's most famous political prisoner. On 26 June 2017, he was granted medical parole after being diagnosed with liver cancer; he died a few weeks later on 13 July 2017.

Liu rose to fame in 1980s Chinese literary circles with his exemplary literary critiques. He eventually became a visiting scholar at several international universities. He returned to China to support the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and was imprisoned for the first time from 1989 to 1991, again from 1995 to 1996 and yet again from 1996 to 1999 for his involvement on suspicion of inciting subversion of state power. He served as the President of the Independent Chinese PEN Center, from 2003 to 2007. He was also the president of Minzhu Zhongguo (Democratic China) magazine starting in the mid-1990s. On 8 December 2008, Liu was detained due to his participation with the Charter 08 manifesto. He was formally arrested on 23 June 2009 on suspicion of "inciting subversion of state power". He was tried on the same charges on 23 December 2009 and sentenced to eleven years' imprisonment and two years' deprivation of political rights on 25 December 2009.

During his fourth prison term, Liu was awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for "his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China."

Liu was the first Chinese citizen to be awarded a Nobel Prize of any kind while residing in China. He was the third person to have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize while in prison or detention, after Germany's Carl von Ossietzky (1935) and Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi (1991). He was the second person to have been denied the right to have a representative collect the Nobel Prize for him as well as the second to die in custody, with the first being Ossietzky, who died in Westend hospital in Berlin-Charlottenburg after being detained in a Nazi concentration camp. Berit Reiss-Andersen, chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, blamed the Chinese communist regime for his death and said that "Liu Xiaobo had contributed to the fraternity of peoples through his non-violent resistance against the oppressive actions of the Communist regime in China."

Ai Weiwei

WIP

Chen Guangcheng

Chen is a Chinese civil rights activist who has worked on human rights issues in rural areas of the People's Republic of China. Blind from an early age and self-taught in the law, Chen is frequently described as a "barefoot lawyer" who advocates for women's rights, land rights, and the welfare of the poor. In 2005, Chen gained international recognition for organising a landmark class-action lawsuit against authorities in Linyi, Shandong province, for the excessive enforcement of the one-child policy. As a result of this lawsuit, Chen was placed under house arrest from September 2005 to March 2006, with a formal arrest in June 2006. On August 24, 2006, Chen was sentenced to four years and three months for "damaging property and organising a mob to disturb traffic." He was released from prison in 2010 after serving his full sentence, but remained under house arrest or "soft detention" at his home in Dongshigu Village. Chen and his wife were reportedly beaten shortly after a human rights group released a video of their home under intense police surveillance in February 2011. In April 2012, Chen escaped his house arrest and fled to the Embassy of the United States, Beijing. After negotiations with the Chinese government, he left the embassy for medical treatment in early May 2012, and it was reported that China would consider allowing him to travel to the United States to study. On 19 May 2012, Chen, his wife, and his two children were granted U.S. visas and departed Beijing for New York City. In October 2013, Chen accepted a position with the conservative research group Witherspoon Institute, and a position at the Catholic University of America.

Peng Zaizhou

Peng believes that Xi Jinping is shameless and immoral, as his election process is not democratic or fair; he also believes that Xi is ignorant and incompetent, as evidenced by the fact that Xi salutes with his left hand and often mispronounces words. In addition, he claimed that during Xi's rule, a large number of internet accounts were convicted for their words and dissidents were brutally attacked, and demanded absolute loyalty from the military and leaders at all levels in the hope of realising his dream of becoming emperor. Thus, on 13 October 2022, in broad daylight, Peng took to the Sithong Bridge in Beijing, hanging banners, burning objects and playing recordings to express his discontent with the Xi government. Here are the claims on the banner:

1.Don't use taxpayers' money for nucleic acid testing, use it for people's livelihoods

2.Don't continue closed-off management, liberalise to guarantee civil liberties

3.No deceiving political propaganda, but effective civic dignity

4.Don't resemble the repression and dictatorship during the Cultural Revolution, but a gradual political reform

5.No dictatorial leaders, but democratic voting

6.Not to be a slave under a dictator, but to be a citizen with rights and individual will

7.Restore the right to strike and remove the dictatorial state traitor Xi Jinping

Peng says his pen name comes from "bears the boat" in "The water that bears the boat is the same that swallows it up", which in Chinese pronounces "Zaizhou". This name means that the people are the foundation of political parties, and they can support a party that has the popular support to make it last for a thousand years, or they can start an uprising to bring down a dictatorial party when the country is in danger and the people are in despair.

Peng was the first pro-democracy activist in China to publicly state his anti-communist stance and to launch an offline protest based on this stance. His demands were directed at institutional reform and constitutional democracy, and he openly opposed the perverse policies of the Xi government, demonstrating great courage and determination to succeed. During the protest, Peng was arrested on the spot and his life or death is not yet known. His deeds led to a wave of opposition to closed-off management within China and contributed to the Chinese blank paper revolution (see Opposition to Covid-19 pandemic restrictions)

Former Yugoslavia

WIP

Russia

The Russian Opposition is represented by various political and social groups that oppose the current regime of Vladimir Putin. Opposition forces in Russia include liberal figures, democratically minded organizations, and independent journalists and activists.

The history of the Russian opposition has long and complex roots, beginning as far back as Tsarist Russia. In the 19th century, the opposition was formed mainly in the circles of intellectuals who favored liberal and democratic transformations in the country. One of the famous oppositionists of that time was Alexander Herzen, who called for freedom of speech, press and assembly.

During the Soviet period, opposition movements were suppressed, but already in the late 1980s and early 1990s a revival of opposition activities began. At that time, various groups and organizations emerged advocating democratization of the country, free elections and human rights. One of the most famous oppositionists of that time was Boris Nemtsov.

In modern Russia, opposition forces continue to operate, although they face serious challenges, such as restrictions on freedom of speech and assembly, political repression and pressure from the authorities. Nevertheless, the opposition continues to fight for their ideas and try to draw attention to the problems in the country.

Following Russia's full-scale invasion of Ukraine, the Russian opposition has been on the verge of annihilation. Many opposition politicians and activists were detained, oppressed or forced to leave the country due to threats to their security. Repression and harassment have become even more severe, and the opposition movement in Russia has come under severe pressure.

Some of the most prominent opposition figures in Russia include Alexei Navalny, leader of the opposition movement Anti-Corruption Foundation; Garry Kasparov, a former chess player and opposition politician; and Grigory Yavlinsky, leader of Yabloko, one of the largest liberal parties in Russia.

Belarus

The Belarusian Opposition consists of groups and individuals in Belarus seeking to challenge the country's leader Alexander Lukashenko, whom supporters of the movement often consider to be a dictator. Supporters of the movement tend to call for a parliamentary democracy based on a Western mode, with freedom of speech and political and religious pluralism.

The Belarusian Opposition movement has a long history, but it has recently resurged during the 2020 presidential elections, when the opposition leader Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya claimed she had won the election, but was stopped due to fraud in the election. Many people were outraged by this, which sparked massive protests, calling for Lukashenko to abdicate, and for the opposition leader to be put into power. Protests emerged from the Belarusian opposition condemning Lukashenko's support and involvement with the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine on 27 February 2022, shortly after the war's beginning. According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, over 800 people had been detained for involvement within these protests. Activists from the opposition later engaged in activity to support Ukraine in the conflict, including attacks on the Belarusian Railway, a state railroad which had been utilized by Russia to support the Kyiv offensive.

North Korea

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South Korea

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Arab Spring

The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab world in the early 2010s. It began with the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia in opposition to the corrupt and despotic regime of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. From Tunisia, the protests then across the Middle East, including but not limited to Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Syria, and Bahrain, among others. Partly because of foreign interference from external actors such as NATO, European Union, Russia, Turkey, Iran, attempting to assert their hegemony over the region by taking advantage of the chaos and unrest, much of the Arab Spring ended in tragedy and large scale conflicts such as the Syrian Civil War, and the rise of ISIS.

Tunisia

W.I.P.

Egypt

The 2011 Egyptian revolution, which began on 25 January 2011, consisted of millions of protesters from a range of socio-economic and religious backgrounds with the aim of ending the over 20-year-long reign of Hosni Mubarak. Violent clashes between security forces and protesters resulted in over 800 people killed and over 6,000 injured. The revolution was over in less than three weeks and on 11 February 2011, former President Mubarak's resignation was publicly declared.

After the revolution against Mubarak and a period of rule by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, the Muslim Brotherhood took power in Egypt through a series of popular elections, with Egyptians electing Mohamed Morsi to the presidency in June 2012. However, the Morsi government proved itself to be an authoritarian regime of its own and in some aspects worse than Mubarak's dictatorship due to its sectarianism and Islamist leanings and was met with fierce opposition from the Egyptian people. On 3 July 2013, Morsi was deposed by a coup d'état led by the minister of defense, General Abdel Fattah El-Sisi who has ruled Egypt with an iron first to this day.

Syria

W.I.P

Algeria

W.I.P

Iran

W.I.P

Mahsa Amini protests

W.I.P

Kyrgyzstan

W.I.P

Tulip Revolution

W.I.P

Myanmar

W.I.P

Thailand

  • Arnon Nampa - Arnon Nampa is a Thai human rights activist and lawyer, known for his polemics and criticism of the Thai government and monarchy. He started as an intern in 2007, performing human rights acts and defending protesters against police crackdowns on protests (such as the Thai-Malaysian gas pipeline project protest). After receiving his law degree in 2009, he became known as "Red Sunday's lawyer" and "Red Shirts lawyer" for defending Red Shirts protesters from the crime of lese majesty. He later founded the pro bono law firm "Ratsadornprasong Law Office" with other lawyers to help Red Shirts protesters in nearly 100 cases, but the firm was eventually dissolved in 2013 due to the pre-2014 coup political crisis, but eventually became the "Ratsadornprasong fund" which also protected and protects activists to this day. As an activist, he made parodies in the performance "Coup Down People Rise 2015" and parodies on youtube against Prayuth Chan-o-Cha , also participating in numerous protests such as Thai political crisis of 2008, Demand for democracy 2018-2019, Breaking the taboo of criticize the monarchy and others. He has gone through arrests and arrests as of February 2021 when he was arrested and jailed on lese majesty charges, which many accused the Thai government of abusing the law, but he was released on bail of 200,000 in June of the same year. Another detention and arrest was also in 2021, who was also charged with lèse majesté and was also released on bail in 2022.
  • Jatupat Boonpattararaksa - Jatupat Boonpattararaksa is a Thai activist known for his co-leadership in various demonstrations. He was a founding member of the New Democracy Movement in 2015 and made several demonstrations against government attitudes and against Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-o-Cha and joined the Dao Din Group and together they made peaceful protests, but along with them he was also detained. and arrested in 2016 on charges of lèse-majesté, a conviction that generated controversy, he was released in 2019 under royal pardon. After his release from prison, he had a role in parliament to solve human rights problem, he also returned to activism participating in the 2020 Thai protests, he was also arrested and imprisoned, this time for sedition, arrested in the same year, but was released on bail. In 2021 he was charged with lèse-majesté (again), remaining in prison today.
  • Panupong Jadnok - Panupong Jadnok is a Thai activist from the Eastern Youth Leadership group with a certain popularity among lower-middle-class youth. Like others, he was co-leader of the 2020-2021 protests, being an active protester and opposing Prayuth Chan-o-Cha, in which he called for monarchy reforms and opposition to government projects. In February 2021, he was arrested and imprisoned on a charge of lèse majesté, being released on bail in June. In August of the same year he was arrested, being released in September, but had his bail suspended and was detained for lèse-majesté and remains in prison.
  • Parit Chiwarak - W.I.P
  • Panusaya Sithijirawattanakul - W.I.P
  • Benja Apan - W.I.P
  • Ekachai Hongkangwan - W.I.P
  • Somyot Prueksakasemsuk - W.I.P

Vietnam

W.I.P

Singapore

W.I.P

Milk Tea Alliance

Milk Tea Alliance is a decentralized online democracy and human rights movement in Hong Kong, Republic of China (Taiwan) (Boba), Myanmar (Burmese lahpet), Thailand (Thai Tea) and occasionally India. It initially started as an internet meme dedicated to purely opposing Dengism before moving on to opposing all authoritarian leaders and ideologies in the aforementioned areas, which later included countries that share a similar national drink (tea), such as Philippines, Malaysia (Teh Tarik), Indonesia, Belarus (Ryazhenka) and Iran (Chai), although they are not considered as canon countries or their movements are not significant in these regions. The Diplomat describes the Milk Tea Alliance, despite it not being institutionalized, as a pro-democracy alternative to ASEAN.

Anonymous

Anonymous is a decentralized international activist and hacktivist collective and movement primarily known for its various cyberattacks against several governments, government institutions and government agencies, corporations and the Church of Scientology. The main purpose of the movement is Anti-cyber-surveillance, Anti-cyber-censorship, Internet activism, and internet vigilantism. Targets of Anonymous hacktivism included government agencies of the United States, Israel, Tunisia, Uganda, and the Islamic State. While there is no uniform ideology or goal, with infighting being noted at times such as with the 2016 US election. They have had a profound impact on political activism especially on social media. However, in more recent years due to improved cybersecurity across the web, especially for major corporations and governments, various affiliate's utilization of internet hacking as a means to spread social change anonymously have increasingly led to less success as methods became entirely unsophisticated or just outdated. With the collective largely being in a near hibernation state between the years of 2015 to 2020. The movement made a massive resurgence in light of the murder of George Floyd where the collective had been responsible for hacking numerous police agencies leading to the #BlueLeaks hashtag trending. And bringing to light the increasing amounts of internet surveillance done by law enforcement against ordinary people. Currently the collective is still active, albeit with less power and influence than prior years.

Anti-War Movement

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Opposition to the Vietnam War

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Edward Snowden

WIP

Julian Assange

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Opposition to Covid-19 pandemic restrictions

China

  • Wuhan Diary - Wuhan Diary is an online diary written by Chinese writer Fang Fang about the life of the people of Wuhan, China during the Wuhan lockdown during efforts to quarantine the center of an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and stop it spreading. An English translation of the diary, titled Wuhan Diary: Dispatches from a Quarantined City, was published in book format by Harper Collins in June 2020. Supporters argue that the diary provides a diverse range of voices in the context of epidemic prevention and control, while opponents argue that the diary is full of hearsay and falsehoods that subvert the stability of state power.
  • WIP
  • WIP
  • Voice of April - Voice of april is a video created by Shanghai resident Cary during the closed-off era, which brings together the voices of the Shanghai public from late March to April 2022 about the new epidemic as well as the government's broken promises during this period. The video shows the many problems Shanghai faced during this period, such as shortages of supplies, the trafficking of donated food, the forced separation of children from their parents, and the poor conditions at the Fangzhan Hospital. Subsequently, the video was censored by the Shanghai government and keywords related to "April Voices" were not displayed in search results, and even "April" became a sensitive word. This sparked outrage among Chinese netizens over the close-off policy and criticism of freedom of expression in China.
  • Zhengzhou Foxconn clashes - Beginning in late October 2022, Foxconn Zhengzhou responded to the dynamic clearing policy by ordering employees that the latter were prohibited from leaving the plant at will. Subsequently, there was a spate of factory employees going home over the separation wall, and in early November, videos of Foxconn employees leaving Zhengzhou on foot to avoid the epidemic policy continued to circulate on the internet; in response, the government subsequently required employees affiliated with each company to sign replacement labour contracts in mid-November, promising certain bonuses for the additional period they worked at the factory. Official media said that over 100,000 people had signed this contract in Zhengzhou as of 18 November.Between 22 and 23 November 2022, some Foxconn employees clashed with security personnel over discontent with excessively low pay and overly harsh policies to prevent and control the outbreak. Employees at the factory uploaded numerous videos on major social media outlets in mainland China to voice their grievances and claim that Foxconn did not provide the bonuses and salaries they were entitled to under their contracts. According to one employee, Foxconn told new employees that they would receive these bonuses between March and May 2023, which is apparently much later than the Chinese New Year. The protesters at the Foxconn plant also accused Foxconn of failing to manage negative and positive nucleic acid test employees separately at all during the plant closure. On the evening of 23 November, Foxconn gave out RMB10,000 in compensation to its employees who were willing to resign and leave the factory, and offered these employees free transportation back to their hometowns.
  • Chongqing superman-brother - In Chongqing, a man was filmed giving a speech in his residential compound on 24 November, loudly proclaiming in Chinese, "Give me liberty, or give me death!" to the cheers and applause of the crowd. When law enforcement attempted to arrest him, the crowd fought off the police and pulled him away, although he was ultimately still detained. The man was dubbed the "Chongqing superman-brother" online. Quotes by him from the video were widely circulated despite censorship, such as, "there is only one disease in the world and that is being both poor and not having freedom [...] we have now got both", referring to both the lockdown and high food prices.
  • Chinese Blank Paper Revolution - The sequestration measures implemented by Xi Jinping's government during the epidemic are considered call black white, violating civil liberties and basic human rights as well as against the trend of the times and damaging to the economy. In the wake of Xi Jinping's bus, the Urumqi fire and numerous other human disasters (claimed) caused by over-prevention, citizens opposed to the precautionary measures have held gatherings and protests across the country. The revolution originally started in a telegram group chat about a protest in Urumqi Middle Road, Shanghai in late November, 2022, later, it expanded to other areas across China. Revolutionaries often hold white paper in their hands to express their opposition and ridicule to the censorship in China that prevents them from enjoying freedom of speech. During the event, the protesters made the following four major demands (or top five): 1.Stop sealing control and refuse to force universal nucleic acid 2. Resume normal production 3.Release the arrested protesters and allow people to mourn the victims freely 4. Compensate the victims of the fire (5. Release Fengxian women in chains, liberalize freedom of press, freedom of speech, freedom to strike, freedom of association) The revolution was somewhat effective, as the government lifted restrictions and abolished mandatory nucleic acid in early December 2022 (but some shopping malls and indoor places are still under the "no 72-hour nucleic acid results" system), but the demands of articles 2, 3, 4 and 5 have not yet been met. Some democrats have commented that the liberalization of restrictions is a last resort to maintain stability, and not the government's intention. Some overseas media have described it as the most successful mass protest in China since the 1989 academic movement. According to media sources, some student and worker protesters were arrested during the peaceful demonstration and have not been released yet. (As of January 4, 2023)

End SARS

EndSARS is a decentralized movement and a Nigerian hashtag calling for an end to the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), generating protests that were brutally repressed by the Nigerian police. The reason for the end of SARS would be the countless accusations of torture, extortion, disappearances, imprisonment of children, organ harvesting, rape, assaults and robberies (ironically), among countless other crimes. There were protests around Nigeria and some parts of the world, in which the Nigerian government froze the activists' bank accounts and carried out some executions, causing various artists, corporations and tech startups to support the idea, along with the BLM and the Feminist Coalition.

In 2020, SARS was dissolved, being replaced by the Special Weapon and Tactics Team (SWAT), but it was also accused of brutality, causing the protests to continue.

Beliefs

Is obviously not too fond of Authoritarian ideologies from the left, right, or centre and will oppose them whenever possible.

The three white arrows represent anti-Monarchism, anti-Bolshevism, and anti-Fascism.

How to Draw

Flag of Anti-Authoritarianism
  1. Draw a ball
  2. Fill it with a near-black colour
  3. Draw the "three arrows" symbol in white
  4. Add the eyes and you're done!
Color Name HEX RGB
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255
Black #141414 20, 20, 20


Relationships

FREEDOM Fighters

On thin ice

  • Left Unity & Right Unity - At least they try...
  • Anti-Radicalism - We agree on our opposition to the authoritarian quadrants, but radicalism is good if it's in favor of liberty for the people and you can support moderate authoritarians.
  • Anti-Fascism - A pleasant acquaintance who I enjoy singing Bella Ciao with in the faces of fascists, but you're way too lenient with the authoritarian leftists like Stalin or Mao. Also, why don't you support freedom of speech? And why do you like Th*lmann?
  • Ceremonial Monarchism - The one monarchist I can tolerate. But why arrest Republican protesters?
  • Libertarian Monarchism & Anarcho-Monarchism - Yes, you're libertarian, but you are both disgusting monarchists. Shouldn't you guys oppose monarchism?
  • Nation Alliance - Based Turkish ally……wait, why do you admire the man who had "Statism" as a built-in doctrine?
  • Liberal Tridemism - Similar to the above. We could be buddies but you have to defend Chiang Kai-shek the 228 demons. Sun Yat-sen was kinda based as he fought against both Qing Dynasty and Yuan Shikai’s dictatorship even though he became somewhat authoritarian later in his life.
  • Manosphere - While I can understand that you are against feminism due to claiming that they have a "totalitarian inclination", why do you support authoritarian regimes when it comes to anti-feminists and women's rights abuse, such as the Taliban?
  • Revolutionary Progressivism - Lu Xun was pretty based but why are you ok with authoritarian leaders as long as they are "Progressive"?
  • Zhao Ziyang Thought - Based. But why did you call for restraint when I fought against his dictatorship?
  • Chinese Theocracy - One of the few theocracies I can tolerate, as some of my Asian followers cited your "Mandate of Heaven", which guarantees the right to revolt during tyrannical eras at least in theory.[13] But still doesn't justify your authoritarian ideology.
  • National Liberalism and National Libertarianism - Navalny, Fortuyn, Bernier, Molyneux and Coolidge are ok for the most part but you're weird.
  • Black Nationalism - Based on fighting slavery, imperialism and having helped in the fight for civil rights and against Apartheid. However, its authoritarian variants are horrible.
  • Reactionary Libertarianism - Opposes statism and is libertarian, but in general, very weird.

Freedom FIGHTERS

  • - Pretty much every Authoritarian ideology.
  • Authoritarianism - You were a mistake from the start.
  • Totalitarianism & Ingsoc - Enemies of the people number one!
  • Nazism - My original greatest enemy.
  • Marxism–Leninism - Any collectivism should come from the people, never the state! Cope and seethe about the destruction of the USSR.
  • Monarchism - No man a king! You fell in Germany, and Iron Front prevented you from coming back, and we will kick you out of Thailand too, along with article 112.
  • Absolute Monarchism - You are just like the guy above but JUST F*CKING WORSE!
  • Fascism - None within the state, everything outside the state, everything against the state.
  • Monarcho-Socialism and Juche - Two kinds of cursed in one.
  • Monarcho-Fascism - Another one. #StandWithThailand #ขีดเส้นตายไล่เผด็จการ #หยุดคุกคามประชาชน
  • National Bolshevism - Absolutely deplorable.
  • National Capitalism - Same as above but with different economics.
  • Police Statism - WHAT THE F#CK DID I DO WRONG???, I AM JUST PEACEFULLY PROTESTING! GET YOUR HANDS OFF ME! DICTATOR PUPPET! GO ARREST THE DICTATOR, NOT ME!
  • Stratocracy - LIKE THE GUY ABOVE, BUT EVEN WORSE! HANDS OFF FROM MY DEMOCRACY!
  • Autocracy - SIC SEMPER TYRANNIS!
  • Oligarchy - A group of authoritarians is as bad as one.
  • Mladorossism - A combination of everything I stand against. Beyond cursed.
  • Neoconservatism - Stop undermining our civil liberties with your mass-security laws and pointless wars! Also, HANDS OFF ASSANGE!!! Plus, let's not forget you’ve been backing dictators like Pinochet! At least we both oppose Russia and China. Wait, did I just help you?!
  • Trotskyism - Red NeoCon?! You must be kidding me?! You are no better than the other tankies!
  • Alt-Right - What's so "alt" and “right” about you? You're not very different from them!
  • State Liberalism - Pink oppression is still oppression! Also, I'm not going to your "re-education" camp!
  • Fordism - You just want to distract me from the fact that you're totalitarian! You'll never drug me into submission, you degenerate freak!
  • Social Authoritarianism - "Benevolent" Dictatorship....what a joke. Just resign already, Lukashenko! Why do poor people support some of these types of authoritarians?
  • Anarcho-Totalitarianism, Anarcho-Fascism & Illiberal Democracy - WHAT THE HECK IS THAT???
  • Lee Kuan-Yew Thought - #FreeAmosYee!
  • Dengism - Ah yes, a CHINAZI. #MilkTeaAlliance #CHINAZI. Avenge the July 4 1989 victims!
  • Pinkieism - 50 cents retards. Watch this MV and seethe.
  • Chiang Kai-shek Thought - Taiwanese white terror never forget!!!
  • Kleptocracy - Most, if not all dictators are corrupt. ALSO, GLORY TO UKRAINE, PUTIN!
  • All Theocracies & State Atheism - Authoritarian Government? Religious Intolerance? You must be kidding me. F*CK YOU!
  • Crusadism, Kahanism & Jihadism - YOU'RE ALL EVEN WORSE THAN THE ONE ABOVE!
  • Esoteric Fascism - Paganism has just reached peak evil.
  • Titoism - “Workplace Democracy” is just a lie to sugarcoat your communist dictatorship.
  • Marxism–Leninism–Maoism - Overthrow right-wing dictatorships to impose a left-wing dictatorship? You are no different from them. Many May '68 protestors and French intellectuals really like Mao, though.
  • Neo-Ottomanism - You used to be ok, but what you're doing to your opponents is horrible, and even Kemalism wouldn't go that far!
  • Eugenicism - Genetic Authoritarianism, forced abortions are disgusting.
  • Khomeinism - You must go! Now! Why do you call me a totalitarian?
  • Imperialism - There's no f*cking way that I will live under the colonial movement! I'm not your slave!
  • White Nationalism - The authoritarian atrocities committed by you in the name of racism make you one of the main enemies of freedom. JOHN BROWN WILL KILL YOU!!!
  • Eco-Authoritarianism & Eco-Fascism - Climate Dictatorship? NO.

Further Information

Literature

Wikipedia

List of pro-democracy protests, and other movements against authoritarianism

Gallery

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/@academyofideas

https://www.youtube.com/@AfterSkool

Online communities

Citations

  1. [1]
  2. [2]
  3. Several artists like Cardi B, Beyonce, Rihanna, among others and corporations like Google (Africa) and Twitter showed support for the protests.
  4. "[It would take] 300 years of colonialism. In 100 years of colonialism, Hong Kong has changed to what we see today. With China being so big, of course it would require 300 years as a colony for it to be able to transform into how Hong Kong is today. I have my doubts as to whether 300 years would be enough."
  5. "A culture and (religious) system that has produced this kind of threat (Islamic fundamentalism) must be inherently intolerant and bloodthirsty."
  6. "If I were to make [River Elegy] I would show just how wimpy, spineless and fucked-up the Chinese really are."
  7. Anti-Americanism is almost non-existent in modern-day Vietnam to the point that former Vietnam War veterans like Robert McNamara, John McCain, and John Kerry have re-visited and worked in the country they once bombed, establishing connections with both prominent CPV officials and democracy activists.
  8. Unlike real life, in the film 300, he is shown as a freedom-fighter, opposing slavery, tyranny, corruption and rape.
  9. Queensryche Album
  10. https://rokantyfaszystowski.org/en/trzy-strzaly/
  11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandate_of_Heaven#The_right_to_rule_and_the_right_of_rebellion

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