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"We have to re-invent socialism. It can’t be the kind of socialism that we saw in the Soviet Union, but it will emerge as we develop new systems that are built on cooperation, not competition."

Chavismo is a economically left-wing to far left, highly authoritarian and culturally variably ideology based on the ideas of former Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez and combining the ideologies of Democratic Socialism, Social Patriotism, Trotskyism, Left-Wing Populism, Socialism of the 21st Century and Bolivarianism. Some of its proponents are progressive, while others are traditionalist.

He is the arch enemy of PragerU and has been the leading ideology on Venezuela since 1998.


The ideology of Chavismo was based on former Venezuelan president and ex-military Hugo Chávez, along with the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200, Fifth Republic Movement and the Great Patriotic Pole, in addition to influencing other movements and politicians of left and in Latin America.

  • Hugo Chávez - Chávez became interested in socialism when he was in the military, becoming interested in Che Guevara and having read Marx, Lenin and Mao. In 1977 he founded a left-wing movement in the army, the People's Liberation Army of Venezuela, in which he held Marxist clandestine meetings. In 1982, he founded the Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200, in which he further developed his ideology and became interested in Liberation Theology, attempting two coup in 1992, but both failed, resulting in his arrest. After being released in government at Rafael Caldera, he ascended politically, winning the 1998 elections for the Fifth Republic Movement.

As president of Venezuela, he changed the name of the Republica de Venezuela to República Bolivariana de Venezuela, also nationalized Venezuelan companies, an agrarian reform and adopted measures to move Venezuela away from Neoliberalism. Even though he was praised for some measures such as the "Bolivarian Missions", reducing illiteracy and increasing the rights of women and indigenous people, but he was criticized for his authoritarianism, increased inflation, scarcity, poverty and violence, having helped the FARC and anti-Semitism. He also had relations with left-wing presidents in Latin America, including: Evo Morales , Rafael Correa , Fidel Castro , Lula da Silva , Daniel Ortega , Raul Castro , Dilma Rousseff among others. Chavez was diagnosed with cancer on 2011, and died on 2013, although it's disputed if he died on December 2012 or on March 2013.


Madurismo, also called Chavo-Madurismo, is a political movement that emerged in Venezuela in mid-2013, when Nicolás Maduro, a friend of Chávez who occupied several charges while Chávez was in office, specially Vice-president in 2012, initially gained power internally after Chavez death until winning the 2013 elections 1 month after Chávez died. Madurismo establishes the continuation of Chavismo, however, it is more authoritarian and culturally right, as Maduro opposes the LGBTQ movement and Indigenous rights, despite being mildly feminist. Despite Nicolas Maduro himself denying it and unlike Chavez, Madurismo tends to be much more authoritarian than Chavismo at the time of Hugo Chávez, imposing the Bolivarian National Guard to repress peaceful protests against his government and arresting anti-Chavista opponents, accusing them of planning an alleged coup. Furthermore, Madurismo proposed an economic direction opposite to Chavismo (which went from Socialism to capitalism), which led to a slight split between communists and other far-left figures who supported Maduro in mid-2020.

Madurismo remains firmly in force in Venezuela and mainly by the PSUV, despite the political differences between the anti-Maduro Chavistas and the Popular Revolutionary Alternative, a result of the political and socioeconomic crisis that has been present in the country since Maduro took office as President.


Basic Ideas

The ideas of Chavismo are a legacy to that of Simon Bolivar.

Bolivar, getting his ideas form the French Revolution, wanted liberty, consitution of goverment, and wanted separation of religion from state. He was very Authoritarian, but wanted it to be a transition to Democracy.

The central points of Bolivarianism as extolled by Chávez are the following:

  • Latin American economic and political sovereignty (anti-imperialism)
  • Grassroots political participation of the population via popular votes and referendums (participative democracy)
  • Economic self-sufficiency (in food, consumer durables and so on)
  • Instilling in people a national ethic of patriotic service
  • Equitable distribution of (South America's) vast natural resources
  • Eliminating corruption

How to Draw

Main design

Flag of Chavismo
  1. Draw a ball
  2. Within it, draw the flag of Venezuala:
    1. Add three equal horizontal stripes colored yellow, blue, and red
    2. Draw an arc of 7 to 8 white stars within the center of the blue stripe
  3. Add the eyes
  4. Draw a red beret with a gold emblem on the side, onto the ball

You're done!

Color Name HEX RGB
Yellow #FFCC00 255, 204, 0
Blue #00247D 0, 36, 125
Red #CF142B 207, 20, 43
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255

Chavez eyes

Flag of Chavismo (Chávez eyes)
  1. Draw a ball
  2. Color it with red
  3. Draw the Chávez eyes symbol
  4. Add two eyes
  5. Draw a red beret with a gold emblem on the side

You are finished!

Color Name HEX RGB
Red #EE2E3A 238, 46, 58
White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255
Black #141414 20, 20, 20



  • Bolivarianism - Dad!
  • Socialism of the 21st Century - Mom!
  • Trotskyism - Wait... dad again? I'm so... what?
  • Peruanismo - Yet another d- Great ideological inspiration and I still remember Chorrillos Military School being my alma mater, and thank you for giving me a book about the Peruvian Revolution!
  • Christian Socialism - Socialism is the only way to the world that Jesus envisioned!
  • Castroism - Fellow ally against American imperialism and capitalism.
  • Marxism–Leninism - Thank you for defending me against imperialism, even if we disagree on things.
  • Social Patriotism - Viva la Revolución Bolivariana de Venezuela! My allies are Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Dilma Rousseff, Daniel Ortega, and Rafael Correa.
  • Left-Wing Populism - I like pink tide populisn, and many of my amigos above are you.
  • Ba'athism - "From here, we send our solidarity to the Syrian people, to president Bashar. They are resisting imperialist aggression..."
  • Khomeinism - My good Shia anti-imperialist friend helped set up some shops to help my people. General Qassem Soleimani was valuable to me and my people.
  • Capitalist Communism - Bolibourgeoisie are totally better than the regular ones.
  • Catalonia - I am biggest supporter of your independence! "Our hand goes out to the people of Catalonia. Resist, Catalonia! Latin America admires you!" [5]



  • Liberalism - Can you please stop thinking I'm making democracy worse?
  • Neoliberalism - Imperialist who wants to keep Latin America impoverished!
  • Imperialism - DIE!!!
  • Mediacracy - Stop blaming the suffering caused by American sanctions on me. (But Telesur is based)
  • Pragerism - "VENezuELa 100 MIlliOn DEAd"
  • Guaidóism - You will never win, Guaidó!
  • Libertarianism - STOP SAYING THAT I RUINED VENEZUELA! It has improved! I promise you that inflation was just a small mistake
  • Zionism - ¡Maldito seas, estado de Israel! [6]
  • Neoconservatism - (takes deep breath) I think that the first people who should read this book are our brothers and sisters in the United States, because their threat is in their own house. The devil is right at home. The devil, the devil himself, is right in the house. And the devil came here yesterday. Yesterday the devil came here. Right here. Right here. And it smells of sulfur still today. This table that I now standing in front of. Yesterday, ladies and gentlemen, from this rostrum, the president of the United States, the gentleman to whom I refer as the devil, came here, talking as if he owned the world. Truly. As the owner of the world. I think we could call a psychiatrist to analyze yesterday's statement made by the president of the United States. As the spokesman of imperialism, he came to share his nostrums, to try to preserve the current pattern of domination, exploitation and pillage of the peoples of the world. An Alfred Hitchcock movie could use it as a scenario. I would even propose a title: The Devil's Recipe. As Chomsky says here, clearly and in depth, the American empire is doing all it can to consolidate its hegemonistic system of domination. And we cannot allow them to do that. We cannot allow world dictatorship to be consolidated.[7]
  • Trumpism - I swear you'll pay for backing Guaidó and blocking my motherland!
  • Guyana - Guayana Esequia es of rightful Venezuelan clay! Totally NOT because of oil.

Further Information





  1. In 2010, Hugo Chávez proclaimed support for the ideas of Marxist Leon Trotsky, saying ‘‘When I called him’’ (the former Minister of Labour, José Ramón Rivero) as Chávez explained, ‘‘he said to me: "President I want to tell you something before someone else tells you ... I am a Trotskyist", and I said, "well, what is the problem? I am also a Trotskyist! I follow Trotsky's line, that of permanent revolution!"’’, and then proceeded to cite the works of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.